The Yeast Metabolome Database (YMDB) is a manually curated database of small molecule metabolites found in or produced by Saccharomyces cerevisiae (also known as Baker’s yeast and Brewer’s yeast). This database covers metabolites described in textbooks, scientific journals, metabolic reconstructions and other electronic databases. YMDB contains metabolites arising from normal S. cerevisiae metabolism under defined laboratory conditions as well as metabolites generated by S. cerevisiae when used in baking and in the production of wines, beers and spirits. YMDB currently contains 2027 small molecules with 857 associated enzymes and 138 associated transporters. Each small molecule has 48 data fields describing the metabolite, its chemical properties and links to spectral and chemical databases. Each enzyme/transporter is linked to its associated metabolites and has 30 data fields describing both the gene and corresponding protein.

Users may search through the YMDB using a variety of database-specific tools. The simple text query (above) supports general text queries of the textual component of the database. By selecting either metabolites or proteins in the “search for” field it is possible to restrict the search and the returned results to only those data associated with metabolites or with proteins. Clicking on the Browse button (on the YMDB navigation panel above) generates a tabular synopsis of YMDB's content. This browser view allows users to casually scroll through the database or re-sort its contents. Clicking on a given MetaboCard button brings up the full data content for the corresponding metabolite. A complete explanation of all the YMDB fields and sources is given here. Under the Search link (on the navigation panel above) users will find a number of search options listed in a pull-down menu. The Chem Query option allows users to draw (using MarvinSketch applet or a ChemSketch applet) or to type (SMILES string) a chemical compound and to search the YMDB for chemicals similar or identical to the query compound. The Advanced Search option supports a more sophisticated text search of the text portion of YMDB. The Sequence Search button allows users to conduct BLASTP (protein) sequence searches of all sequences contained in YMDB. Both single and multiple sequence (i.e. whole proteome) BLAST queries are supported. YMDB also supports a Data Extractor option that allows specific data fields or combinations of data fields to be searched and/or extracted. Spectral searches of YMDB’s reference compound NMR and MS spectral data are also supported through its MS, MS/MS, GC/MS and NMR Spectra Search links. Users may download YMDB’s complete textual data, chemical structures and sequence data by clicking on the Download button.

YMDB is supported by David Wishart, Departments of Computing Science & Biological Sciences, University of Alberta.

YMDB is also supported by The Metabolomics Innovation Centre, a Genome Canada-funded core facility serving the scientific community and industry with world-class expertise and cutting-edge technologies in metabolomics.

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What's New?

Release 1.0 - June 1, 2011
  • Initial YMDB release
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Please Cite:

  1. YMDB: The Yeast Metabolome Database. Jewison T, Neveu V, Lee J, Knox C, Liu P, Mandal R, Murthy RK, Sinelnikov I, Guo AC, Wilson M, Djoumbou Y and Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012 Jan;40(Database ussue):D815-20
    PMID: 22064855

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