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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB15781
NameTG(14:0/18:0/18:0)
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBrewer's yeast
DescriptionTG(14:0/18:0/18:0) belongs to the family of triradyglycerols, which are glycerolipids lipids containing a common glycerol backbone to which at least one fatty acyl group is esterified. Their general formula is [R1]OCC(CO[R2])O[R3]. TG(14:0/18:0/18:0) is made up of one tetradecanoyl(R1), one octadecanoyl(R2), and one octadecanoyl(R3).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • Tracylglycerol(14:0/18:0/18:0)
  • TAG(14:0/18:0/18:0)
  • 1-Myristoyl-2-stearoyl-3-stearoyl-glycerol
  • TG(50:0)
  • Tracylglycerol(50:0)
  • TAG(50:0)
  • Triglyceride
  • 1-Tetradecanoyl-2-octadecanoyl-3-octadecanoyl-glycerol
  • Triacylglycerol
  • TG(14:0/18:0/18:0)
CAS numberNot Available
WeightAverage: 835.393
Monoisotopic: 834.767641004
InChI KeyRDVFJKJMACSAJD-DPDRHGIRSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C53H102O6/c1-4-7-10-13-16-19-22-24-26-28-31-34-37-40-43-46-52(55)58-49-50(48-57-51(54)45-42-39-36-33-30-21-18-15-12-9-6-3)59-53(56)47-44-41-38-35-32-29-27-25-23-20-17-14-11-8-5-2/h50H,4-49H2,1-3H3/t50-/m0/s1
IUPAC Name(2S)-1-(octadecanoyloxy)-3-(tetradecanoyloxy)propan-2-yl octadecanoate
Traditional IUPAC Name(2S)-1-(octadecanoyloxy)-3-(tetradecanoyloxy)propan-2-yl octadecanoate
Chemical FormulaC53H102O6
SMILES[H][C@](COC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCC)(COC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as triacylglycerols. These are glycerides consisting of three fatty acid chains covalently bonded to a glycerol molecule through ester linkages.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerolipids
Sub ClassTriradylcglycerols
Direct ParentTriacylglycerols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Triacyl-sn-glycerol
  • Tricarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Fatty acyl
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.1e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP10.64ALOGPS
logP19.81ChemAxon
logS-7.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area78.9 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count52ChemAxon
Refractivity250.49 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability113.43 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Triacylglycerol metabolism TG(14:0/18:0/18:0)PW007780 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG PathwaysNot Available
SMPDB Reactions
long-chain fatty acyl-CoA + DG(14:0/18:0/0:0) → Coenzyme A + TG(14:0/18:0/18:0)
TG(14:0/18:0/18:0) + waterhydron + Fatty Acid + DG(14:0/18:0/0:0)
KEGG ReactionsNot Available
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Rattray JB, Schibeci A, Kidby DK. (1975). "Lipids of yeasts." Bacteriol Rev. 1975 Sep;39(3):197-231.240350
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB0042154
Pubchem Compound ID101635996
Kegg IDNot Available
ChemSpider IDNot Available
FOODB IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the terminal and only committed step in triacylglycerol synthesis by using diacylglycerol and fatty acyl CoA as substrates. Required for storage lipid synthesis. May be involved in lipid particle synthesis from the endoplasmic reticulum and ergosterol biosynthesis
Gene Name:
DGA1
Uniprot ID:
Q08650
Molecular weight:
47710.89844
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + 1,2-diacylglycerol → CoA + triacylglycerol.
General function:
Involved in lipid metabolic process
Specific function:
Mediates the hydrolysis of steryl esters. Required for mobilization of steryl ester, thereby playing a central role in lipid metabolism. May have weak lipase activity toward triglycerides upon some conditions, however, the relevance of such activity is unclear in vivo
Gene Name:
TGL1
Uniprot ID:
P34163
Molecular weight:
62978.39844
Reactions
A steryl ester + H(2)O → a sterol + a fatty acid.
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, acting on ester bonds
Specific function:
Lipolytic activity towards triacylglycerols and diacylglycerols with short-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
TGL2
Uniprot ID:
P54857
Molecular weight:
37499.89844
Reactions
Triacylglycerol + H(2)O → diacylglycerol + a carboxylate.
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Releases specific fatty acids from neutral lipid triacylglycerols (TAG) thereby supplying fatty acids to a general acylation process
Gene Name:
TGL3
Uniprot ID:
P40308
Molecular weight:
73611.79688
Reactions
Triacylglycerol + H(2)O → diacylglycerol + a carboxylate.
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Releases specific fatty acids from neutral lipid triacylglycerols (TAG) thereby supplying fatty acids to a general acylation process. May have a specific role in sporulation
Gene Name:
TGL5
Uniprot ID:
Q12043
Molecular weight:
84715.10156
Reactions
Triacylglycerol + H(2)O → diacylglycerol + a carboxylate.
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Releases specific fatty acids from neutral lipid triacylglycerols (TAG) thereby supplying fatty acids to a general acylation process. May have a specific role in sporulation
Gene Name:
TGL4
Uniprot ID:
P36165
Molecular weight:
102716.0
Reactions
Triacylglycerol + H(2)O → diacylglycerol + a carboxylate.