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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB15625
NameTG(10:0/16:0/16:0)
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBrewer's yeast
DescriptionTG(10:0/16:0/16:0) is also known as tracylglycerol(42:0) or triglyceride. TG(10:0/16:0/16:0) is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). TG(10:0/16:0/16:0) exists in all eukaryotes, ranging from yeast to humans. Within yeast, TG(10:0/16:0/16:0) participates in a number of enzymatic reactions. In particular, TG(10:0/16:0/16:0) can be biosynthesized from DG(10:0/16:0/0:0); which is catalyzed by the enzyme diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1. In addition, TG(10:0/16:0/16:0) can be converted into DG(10:0/16:0/0:0); which is catalyzed by the enzyme triacylglycerol lipase complex. In yeast, TG(10:0/16:0/16:0) is involved in the metabolic pathway called the triacylglycerol metabolism tg(10:0/16:0/16:0) pathway.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 1-Animal fats-2-hexadecanoyl-3-hexadecanoyl-glycerol
  • Tracylglycerol(42:0)
  • Triacylglycerol
  • 1-Decanoic acid-2-palmitoyl-3-palmitoyl-glycerol
  • Triglyceride
  • TAG(10:0/16:0/16:0)
  • TAG(42:0)
  • Tracylglycerol(10:0/16:0/16:0)
  • TG(42:0)
  • TG(10:0/16:0/16:0)
CAS numberNot Available
WeightAverage: 723.177
Monoisotopic: 722.642440489
InChI KeyWBURFJXMBPWRIG-WBCKFURZSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C45H86O6/c1-4-7-10-13-16-18-20-22-24-26-29-32-35-38-44(47)50-41-42(40-49-43(46)37-34-31-28-15-12-9-6-3)51-45(48)39-36-33-30-27-25-23-21-19-17-14-11-8-5-2/h42H,4-41H2,1-3H3/t42-/m0/s1
IUPAC Name(2S)-1-(decanoyloxy)-3-(hexadecanoyloxy)propan-2-yl hexadecanoate
Traditional IUPAC Name(2S)-1-(decanoyloxy)-3-(hexadecanoyloxy)propan-2-yl hexadecanoate
Chemical FormulaC45H86O6
SMILES[H][C@](COC(=O)CCCCCCCCC)(COC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Chemical Taxonomy
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.3e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP10.33ALOGPS
logP16.26ChemAxon
logS-7.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area78.9 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count44ChemAxon
Refractivity213.68 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability96.25 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Triacylglycerol metabolism TG(10:0/16:0/16:0)PW007611 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG PathwaysNot Available
SMPDB Reactions
long-chain fatty acyl-CoA + DG(10:0/16:0/0:0) → Coenzyme A + TG(10:0/16:0/16:0)
TG(10:0/16:0/16:0) + waterhydron + Fatty Acid + DG(10:0/16:0/0:0)
KEGG ReactionsNot Available
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Rattray JB, Schibeci A, Kidby DK. (1975). "Lipids of yeasts." Bacteriol Rev. 1975 Sep;39(3):197-231.240350
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB0071426
Pubchem Compound ID101004497
Kegg IDNot Available
ChemSpider IDNot Available
FOODB IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the terminal and only committed step in triacylglycerol synthesis by using diacylglycerol and fatty acyl CoA as substrates. Required for storage lipid synthesis. May be involved in lipid particle synthesis from the endoplasmic reticulum and ergosterol biosynthesis
Gene Name:
DGA1
Uniprot ID:
Q08650
Molecular weight:
47710.89844
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + 1,2-diacylglycerol → CoA + triacylglycerol.
General function:
Involved in lipid metabolic process
Specific function:
Mediates the hydrolysis of steryl esters. Required for mobilization of steryl ester, thereby playing a central role in lipid metabolism. May have weak lipase activity toward triglycerides upon some conditions, however, the relevance of such activity is unclear in vivo
Gene Name:
TGL1
Uniprot ID:
P34163
Molecular weight:
62978.39844
Reactions
A steryl ester + H(2)O → a sterol + a fatty acid.
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, acting on ester bonds
Specific function:
Lipolytic activity towards triacylglycerols and diacylglycerols with short-chain fatty acids
Gene Name:
TGL2
Uniprot ID:
P54857
Molecular weight:
37499.89844
Reactions
Triacylglycerol + H(2)O → diacylglycerol + a carboxylate.
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Releases specific fatty acids from neutral lipid triacylglycerols (TAG) thereby supplying fatty acids to a general acylation process
Gene Name:
TGL3
Uniprot ID:
P40308
Molecular weight:
73611.79688
Reactions
Triacylglycerol + H(2)O → diacylglycerol + a carboxylate.
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Releases specific fatty acids from neutral lipid triacylglycerols (TAG) thereby supplying fatty acids to a general acylation process. May have a specific role in sporulation
Gene Name:
TGL5
Uniprot ID:
Q12043
Molecular weight:
84715.10156
Reactions
Triacylglycerol + H(2)O → diacylglycerol + a carboxylate.
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Releases specific fatty acids from neutral lipid triacylglycerols (TAG) thereby supplying fatty acids to a general acylation process. May have a specific role in sporulation
Gene Name:
TGL4
Uniprot ID:
P36165
Molecular weight:
102716.0
Reactions
Triacylglycerol + H(2)O → diacylglycerol + a carboxylate.