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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB02331
NameCL(10:0/10:0/14:0/24:0)
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBrewer's yeast
DescriptionCL(10:0/10:0/14:0/24:0) is a cardiolipin (CL). Cardiolipins are sometimes called a 'double' phospholipid because they have four fatty acid tails, instead of the usual two. CL(10:0/10:0/14:0/24:0) contains two chains of decanoic acid at the C1 and C2 positions, one chain of tetradecanoic acid at the C3 position, one chain of tetracosanoic acid at the C4 position. While the theoretical charge of cardiolipins is -2, under normal physiological conditions (pH near 7), the molecule may carry only one negative charge. In prokaryotes such as E. coli, the enzyme known as diphosphatidylglycerol synthase catalyses the transfer of the phosphatidyl moiety of one phosphatidylglycerol to the free 3'-hydroxyl group of another, with the elimination of one molecule of glycerol. In E. coli, which acylates its glycerophospholipids with acyl chains ranging in length from 12 to 18 carbons and possibly containing an unsaturation, or a cyclopropane group more than 100 possible CL molecular species are theoretically possible, 53 of these species having been characterized. E. coli membranes consist of ~5% cardiolipin (CL), 20-25% phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and 70-80% phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as well as smaller amounts of phosphatidylserine (PS). CL is distributed between the two leaflets of the bilayers and is located preferentially at the poles and septa in E. coli and other rod-shaped bacteria. It is known that the polar positioning of the proline transporter ProP and the mechanosensitive ion channel MscS in E. coli is dependent on CL. It is believed that cell shape may influence the localization of CL and the localization of certain membrane proteins.
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
CAS numberNot Available
WeightAverage: 1269.708
Monoisotopic: 1268.878326722
InChI KeyPGOATBBFCBVDDD-WJOGUDKKSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C67H130O17P2/c1-5-9-13-17-21-23-25-26-27-28-29-30-31-32-33-34-36-38-42-46-50-54-67(72)84-63(58-78-65(70)52-48-44-41-37-35-24-22-18-14-10-6-2)60-82-86(75,76)80-56-61(68)55-79-85(73,74)81-59-62(83-66(71)53-49-45-40-20-16-12-8-4)57-77-64(69)51-47-43-39-19-15-11-7-3/h61-63,68H,5-60H2,1-4H3,(H,73,74)(H,75,76)/t61-,62+,63+/m0/s1
IUPAC Name[(2S)-3-({[(2R)-2,3-bis(decanoyloxy)propoxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)-2-hydroxypropoxy][(2R)-2-(tetracosanoyloxy)-3-(tetradecanoyloxy)propoxy]phosphinic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name(2S)-3-{[(2R)-2,3-bis(decanoyloxy)propoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl]oxy}-2-hydroxypropoxy((2R)-2-(tetracosanoyloxy)-3-(tetradecanoyloxy)propoxy)phosphinic acid
Chemical FormulaC67H130O17P2
SMILES[H][C@](O)(COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@]([H])(COC(=O)CCCCCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCC)COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@]([H])(COC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Chemical Taxonomy
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00012 g/LALOGPS
logP8.66ALOGPS
logP21.05ChemAxon
logS-7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.59ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area236.95 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count72ChemAxon
Refractivity342.5 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability151.83 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondrion membrane
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Cardiolipin Biosynthesis CL(10:0/10:0/14:0/24:0)PW003507 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG PathwaysNot Available
SMPDB Reactions
PG(10:0/10:0) + CDP-DG(14:0/24:0)Cytidine monophosphate + hydron + CL(10:0/10:0/14:0/24:0)
CL(10:0/10:0/14:0/24:0)1-MLCL(0:0/10:0/14:0/24:0)
2-MLCL(16:0/16:0/16:0/0:0)CL(10:0/10:0/14:0/24:0)
2-MLCL(10:0/14:0/24:0/0:0)CL(10:0/10:0/14:0/24:0)
KEGG ReactionsNot Available
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Rattray JB, Schibeci A, Kidby DK. (1975). "Lipids of yeasts." Bacteriol Rev. 1975 Sep;39(3):197-231.240350
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB0187737
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Kegg IDNot Available
ChemSpider IDNot Available
FOODB IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reversible phosphatidyl group transfer from one phosphatidylglycerol molecule to another to form cardiolipin (CL) (diphosphatidylglycerol) and glycerol
Gene Name:
CRD1
Uniprot ID:
Q07560
Molecular weight:
32019.30078
Reactions
2 Phosphatidylglycerol → diphosphatidylglycerol + glycerol.