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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB01424
Namehexanoic acid
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBrewer's yeast
DescriptionCaproic acid, also known as hexanoate or hexylic acid, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 4 and 12 carbon atoms. Based on a literature review a significant number of articles have been published on Caproic acid.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (+)-S-Lysine
  • (S)-2,6-diamino-Hexanoate
  • (S)-2,6-diamino-Hexanoic acid
  • (S)-2,6-Diaminohexanoate
  • (S)-2,6-Diaminohexanoic acid
  • (S)-a,e-Diaminocaproate
  • (S)-a,e-Diaminocaproic acid
  • (S)-alpha,epsilon-diaminocaproic acid
  • (S)-Lysine
  • 2,6-Diaminohexanoate
  • 2,6-diaminohexanoic acid
  • 6-amino-Aminutrin
  • 6-amino-L-Norleucine
  • a-Lysine
  • alpha-Lysine
  • Aminutrin
  • Hexanoic acid, 2,6-diamino-, (S)-
  • K
  • L-(+)-Lysine
  • L-2,6-Diainohexanoate
  • L-2,6-Diainohexanoic acid
  • L-2,6-Diaminocaproate
  • L-2,6-Diaminocaproic acid
  • L-H2N(CH2)4CH(NH2)COOH
  • L-Lys
  • L-Lysin
  • L-Lysine
  • Lys
  • Lysine
  • Lysine acid
  • Lysine, L-
  • 1-Hexanoic acid
  • 1-Pentanecarboxylic acid
  • 6:0
  • Butylacetic acid
  • C6:0
  • Capronic acid
  • CH3-[CH2]4-COOH
  • Hexanoate
  • Hexoic acid
  • Hexylic acid
  • N-Caproic acid
  • N-Hexanoic acid
  • N-Hexoic acid
  • N-Hexylic acid
  • Pentanecarboxylic acid
  • Pentiformic acid
  • Pentylformic acid
  • 1-Hexanoate
  • 1-Pentanecarboxylate
  • Butylacetate
  • Capronate
  • Hexanoic acid
  • Hexoate
  • Hexylate
  • N-Caproate
  • N-Hexanoate
  • N-Hexoate
  • N-Hexylate
  • Pentanecarboxylate
  • Pentiformate
  • Pentylformate
  • Caproate
  • Hexanoic acid, calcium salt
  • Hexanoic acid, sodium salt, 1-(11)C-labeled
  • Hexanoic acid, nickel (2+) salt
  • Hexanoic acid, sodium salt
  • Bismuth(III)hexanoate
  • Hexanoic acid, copper (2+) salt
  • Hexanoic acid, manganese (2+) salt
  • Bi(ohex)3
  • Hexanoic acid, barium salt
  • Hexanoic acid, potassium salt
  • Hexanoic acid, rhodium (2+) salt
  • FA(6:0)
  • Calcium N-hexanoate
  • Hexanoic acid, sodium salt (1:1)
  • Sodium capronate
  • Calcium hexanoate
  • Caproic acid sodium salt
  • Sodium caproate
  • Sodium hexanoate
CAS number56-87-1
WeightAverage: 116.1583
Monoisotopic: 116.083729628
InChI KeyFUZZWVXGSFPDMH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C6H12O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6(7)8/h2-5H2,1H3,(H,7,8)
IUPAC Namehexanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC Namehexanoic acid
Chemical FormulaC6H12O2
SMILESCCCCCC(O)=O
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 4 and 12 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentMedium-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Straight chain fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting point224.5 °C
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water Solubility1000 mg/mL at 20 oC [YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)]PhysProp
LogP-3.05 [HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)]PhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility9.72 g/LALOGPS
logP1.88ALOGPS
logP1.81ChemAxon
logS-1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)5.09ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity31.07 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.27 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • extracellular
Organoleptic Properties
Flavour/OdourSource
CheeseFDB013897
FattyFDB013897
SourFDB013897
SweatFDB013897
SMPDB Pathways
Fatty acid biosynthesisPW002458 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
lysine metabolismPW002420 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Fatty acid biosynthesisec00061 Map00061
SMPDB Reactions
hexanoic acid + Malonate3-Oxooctanoic acid
trans-Hex-2-enoic acidhexanoic acid
KEGG ReactionsNot Available
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-00yi-3900000000-8d7942410dfae70c7c9dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-03di-9000000000-f4bf00b677d90d54ba69JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-00yi-3900000000-8d7942410dfae70c7c9dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-9ee618fa3c0bd9d56748JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00fr-9200000000-be939d8c0455d1af93a6JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-014i-0900000000-ba8c7078846c268d61a6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-03di-0900000000-151d5971be58b6799d2eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-02t9-1900000000-36096ef7dfebaa193910JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80B) , Positivesplash10-03di-9000000000-f4bf00b677d90d54ba69JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-0900000000-f5b00c5e9d90d801ab16JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-014i-0900000000-5013166dd3b692762812JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-014i-5900000000-52b3e7f8b01498621772JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-e3af905666760ff49069JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-014i-0900000000-f5b00c5e9d90d801ab16JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-014i-0900000000-5013166dd3b692762812JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-014i-5900000000-52b3e7f8b01498621772JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-e3af905666760ff49069JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT , negativesplash10-01b9-6900000000-763e9a8e0f15e13fae3cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Positivesplash10-0002-9000000000-df670aaa002d77689cc7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014j-9700000000-5489131065e0934751a7JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-05fs-9100000000-68f7c2883fb339578aceJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4l-9000000000-8e5e925d60baa2f176c2JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-2900000000-e877f22e42e8323f59e3JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-01b9-9800000000-b5d583466919719819a1JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4l-9000000000-791ecce51d7cdde8f0f5JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-05tg-9000000000-b176d73a7b4fabde1ad4JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-006x-9000000000-08e066ae069da04a8689JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-808b7302aa744c7a1c20JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-9000000000-21c5ae8d52f2e0f4cd33JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004j-9000000000-3e67c250e6a67f63a0ddJSpectraViewer
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-03di-9000000000-fe3fab44832ddab1082eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Antonelli, A., Castellari, L., Zambonelli, C., Carnacini, A. (1999). "Yeast influence on volatile composition of wines." J Agric Food Chem 47:1139-1144.10552428
  • Patel, S., Shibamoto, T. (2002). "Effect of different strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on production of volatiles in Napa Gamay wine and Petite Sirah wine." J Agric Food Chem 50:5649-5653.12236692
  • Nookaew, I., Jewett, M. C., Meechai, A., Thammarongtham, C., Laoteng, K., Cheevadhanarak, S., Nielsen, J., Bhumiratana, S. (2008). "The genome-scale metabolic model iIN800 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and its validation: a scaffold to query lipid metabolism." BMC Syst Biol 2:71.18687109
  • Shimazu, M., Sekito, T., Akiyama, K., Ohsumi, Y., Kakinuma, Y. (2005). "A family of basic amino acid transporters of the vacuolar membrane from Saccharomyces cerevisiae." J Biol Chem 280:4851-4857.15572352
  • Bhattacharjee, J. K. (1985). "alpha-Aminoadipate pathway for the biosynthesis of lysine in lower eukaryotes." Crit Rev Microbiol 12:131-151.3928261
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID30776
HMDB IDHMDB00535
Pubchem Compound ID8892
Kegg IDC01585
ChemSpider ID8552
FOODB IDFDB013897
WikipediaHexanoic_acid
BioCyc IDNot Available