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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB01390
NamePropyl acetate
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBrewer's yeast
DescriptionPropyl acetate, also known as 1-acetoxypropane or propyl ethanoate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group). Propyl acetate is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 1-Acetoxypropane
  • 1-Propyl acetate
  • Acetate de propyle normal
  • ACETATE ION
  • Acetic acid n-propyl ester
  • acetic acid, ion(1-)
  • Acetic acid, n-propyl ester
  • Acetic acid, propyl ester
  • ethanoate
  • MeCO2 anion
  • n-Propyl acetate
  • n-Propyl ethanoate
  • Octan propylu
  • Propyl ester of acetic acid
  • Propyl ethanoate
  • Propylester kyseliny octove
  • N-Propyl acetic acid
  • Propyl ethanoic acid
  • Propyl acetic acid
  • Acetic acid,propyl ester
  • Propyl acetate, ion (1-)
CAS number109-60-4
WeightAverage: 102.1317
Monoisotopic: 102.068079564
InChI KeyYKYONYBAUNKHLG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C5H10O2/c1-3-4-7-5(2)6/h3-4H2,1-2H3
IUPAC Namepropyl acetate
Traditional IUPAC Namepropyl acetate
Chemical FormulaC5H10O2
SMILES[H]C([H])([H])C(=O)OC([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassCarboxylic acid derivatives
Direct ParentCarboxylic acid esters
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Charge0
Melting point-93 °C
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water Solubility18.9 mg/mL at 20 oC [STEPHEN,H & STEPHEN,T (1963)]PhysProp
LogP1.24 [HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)]PhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility28.2 g/LALOGPS
logP1.28ALOGPS
logP0.8ChemAxon
logS-0.56ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area26.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity26.69 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.39 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • extracellular
Organoleptic Properties
Flavour/OdourSource
BitterFDB012549
CeleryFDB012549
FruityFDB012549
FuselFDB012549
PearFDB012549
RaspberryFDB012549
SolventFDB012549
SMPDB PathwaysNot Available
KEGG PathwaysNot Available
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG ReactionsNot Available
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Vianna, E., Ebeler, S. E. (2001). "Monitoring ester formation in grape juice fermentations using solid phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry." J Agric Food Chem 49:589-595.11261997
  • Verstrepen, K. J., Van Laere, S. D., Vanderhaegen, B. M., Derdelinckx, G., Dufour, J. P., Pretorius, I. S., Winderickx, J., Thevelein, J. M., Delvaux, F. R. (2003). "Expression levels of the yeast alcohol acetyltransferase genes ATF1, Lg-ATF1, and ATF2 control the formation of a broad range of volatile esters." Appl Environ Microbiol 69:5228-5237.12957907
  • Tsakiris, A., Koutinas, A. A., Psarianos, C., Kourkoutas, Y., Bekatorou, A. (2010). "A new process for wine production by penetration of yeast in uncrushed frozen grapes." Appl Biochem Biotechnol 162:1109-1121.20151225
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID40116
HMDB IDHMDB0034237
Pubchem Compound ID7997
Kegg IDNot Available
ChemSpider ID7706
FOODB IDFDB012549
WikipediaPropyl_acetate
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in alcohol O-acetyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the esterification of isoamyl alcohol and various other alcohols by acetyl-CoA
Gene Name:
ATF1
Uniprot ID:
P40353
Molecular weight:
61035.5
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + an alcohol → CoA + an acetyl ester.