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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB01322
NameSalicylic acid
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBrewer's yeast
DescriptionSalicylic acid, also known as ionil or 2-carboxyphenol, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as salicylic acids. These are ortho-hydroxylated benzoic acids. Salicylic acid is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Salicylic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Salicylic acid is a potentially toxic compound.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 2-Carboxyphenol
  • 2-Hydroxybenzenecarboxylate
  • 2-Hydroxybenzenecarboxylic acid
  • 2-Hydroxybenzoate
  • 2-Hydroxybenzoic acid
  • Benzoic acid, 2-hydroxy-
  • Benzoic acid, o-hydroxy-
  • o-Carboxyphenol
  • o-Hydroxybenzoate
  • o-Hydroxybenzoic acid
  • Orthohydroxybenzoic acid
  • Phenol-2-carboxylate
  • Phenol-2-carboxylic acid
  • Psoriacid-S-Stift
  • Salicyclic acid
  • Salicylate
  • Salicylic acid
  • Saligel
  • Salonil
  • Trans-Ver-Sal
  • Advanced pain relief callus removers
  • Advanced pain relief corn removers
  • Clear away wart remover
  • Compound W
  • Dr. scholl's callus removers
  • Dr. scholl's corn removers
  • Dr. scholl's wart remover kit
  • Duofil wart remover
  • Duoplant
  • Freezone
  • Ionil
  • Ionil plus
  • K 537
  • K 557
  • Retarder W
  • Rutranex
  • Salicylic acid collodion
  • Salicylic acid soap
  • Stri-dex
  • 2 Hydroxybenzoic acid
  • Acid, O-hydroxybenzoic
  • O Hydroxybenzoic acid
  • Acid, 2-hydroxybenzoic
  • Ortho hydroxybenzoic acid
  • Acid, salicylic
  • Acid, ortho-hydroxybenzoic
  • Ortho-hydroxybenzoic acid
CAS number69-72-7
WeightAverage: 138.1207
Monoisotopic: 138.031694058
InChI KeyYGSDEFSMJLZEOE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C7H6O3/c8-6-4-2-1-3-5(6)7(9)10/h1-4,8H,(H,9,10)
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional IUPAC NameNot Available
Chemical FormulaC7H6O3
SMILESOC(=O)C1=CC=CC=C1O
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as salicylic acids. These are ortho-hydroxylated benzoic acids.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassBenzoic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentSalicylic acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Salicylic acid
  • Benzoic acid
  • Benzoyl
  • 1-hydroxy-4-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Phenol
  • Vinylogous acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
ChargeNot Available
Melting point158 °C
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water Solubility2.24 mg/mL at 25 oC [YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)]PhysProp
LogP2.26 [HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)]PhysProp
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • extracellular
Organoleptic Properties
Flavour/OdourSource
FaintFDB000882
NuttyFDB000882
PhenolicFDB000882
SMPDB Pathways
Phenylalanine metabolismPW002437 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Phenylalanine metabolismec00360 Map00360
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG ReactionsNot Available
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Okabe, Y., Katayama, N., Iwama, M., Watanabe, H., Ohgi, K., Irie, M., Nitta, K., Kawauchi, H., Takayanagi, Y., Oyama, F., et, a. l. .. (1991). "Comparative base specificity, stability, and lectin activity of two lectins from eggs of Rana catesbeiana and R. japonica and liver ribonuclease from R. catesbeiana." J Biochem 109:786-790.1917903
Synthesis Reference:Yin, Yingwu; Guo, Qingbin. Preparation of salicylic acid from phenol. Faming Zhuanli Shenqing Gongkai Shuomingshu (2005), 7pp.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID16914
HMDB IDHMDB01895
Pubchem Compound ID338
Kegg IDC00805
ChemSpider ID331
FOODB IDFDB000882
WikipediaSalicylic acid
BioCyc IDCPD-110