Canmetcon
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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00960
Name3-oxohexacosanoyl-CoA
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
Description3-Oxohexacosanoyl-CoA is a coenzyme A derivative of 3-oxohexacosanoate. Fatty acids must be activated with CoA before any chemical modification can be applied. Also fatty acid metabolic intermediates will also exists as CoA derivatives until the CoA is enzymatically cleaved. The fatty acid group is linked to the terminal thoil moiety of CoA.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 3-oxohexacosanoyl-Coenzyme A
  • 3-Ketocerotoyl-CoA
  • 3-Ketohexacosanoyl-CoA
  • 3-Ketohexacosanoyl-coenzyme A
  • 3-Oxocerotoyl-CoA
CAS numberNot Available
WeightAverage: 1160.192
Monoisotopic: 1159.480639145
InChI KeyVOMUIFOBQMYJPJ-CPIGOPAHSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C47H84N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-22-23-24-25-35(55)30-38(57)76-29-28-49-37(56)26-27-50-45(60)42(59)47(2,3)32-69-75(66,67)72-74(64,65)68-31-36-41(71-73(61,62)63)40(58)46(70-36)54-34-53-39-43(48)51-33-52-44(39)54/h33-34,36,40-42,46,58-59H,4-32H2,1-3H3,(H,49,56)(H,50,60)(H,64,65)(H,66,67)(H2,48,51,52)(H2,61,62,63)/t36-,40-,41-,42+,46-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(3-oxohexacosanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name3-oxocerotoyl-coa
Chemical FormulaC47H84N7O18P3S
SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as very-long-chain 3-oxoacyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A derivative, which is 3-oxo acylated long aliphatic chain of 22 carbon atoms or more.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentVery-long-chain 3-oxoacyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • 1,3-dicarbonyl compound
  • Pyrimidine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Monosaccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboximidic acid derivative
  • Carboximidic acid
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.042 g/LALOGPS
logP4.39ALOGPS
logP3.28ChemAxon
logS-4.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area380.7 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count44ChemAxon
Refractivity283.35 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability122.1 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • peroxisome
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acidsPW002403 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acidsec01040 Map01040
SMPDB Reactions
Tetracosanoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + hydronCoenzyme A + Carbon dioxide + 3-oxohexacosanoyl-CoA
3-oxohexacosanoyl-CoA + hydron + NADPHNADP + (3R)-hydroxyhexacosanoyl-CoA
KEGG Reactions
NAD + (S)-3-hydroxyhexacosanoyl-CoANADH + hydron + 3-oxohexacosanoyl-CoA
Coenzyme A + 3-oxohexacosanoyl-CoAAcetyl-CoA + Tetracosanoyl-CoA
NADPH + hydron + 3-oxohexacosanoyl-CoANADP + (S)-3-hydroxyhexacosanoyl-CoA
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Middleton, B. (1978). "3-Oxoacyl-coenzyme A thiolases and L-3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenases." Biochem Soc Trans 6:80-83.640209
  • Mathieu, M., Modis, Y., Zeelen, J. P., Engel, C. K., Abagyan, R. A., Ahlberg, A., Rasmussen, B., Lamzin, V. S., Kunau, W. H., Wierenga, R. K. (1997). "The 1.8 A crystal structure of the dimeric peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae: implications for substrate binding and reaction mechanism." J Mol Biol 273:714-728.9402066
  • Han, G., Gable, K., Kohlwein, S. D., Beaudoin, F., Napier, J. A., Dunn, T. M. (2002). "The Saccharomyces cerevisiae YBR159w gene encodes the 3-ketoreductase of the microsomal fatty acid elongase." J Biol Chem 277:35440-35449.12087109
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID52977
HMDB IDHMDB0060241
Pubchem Compound ID25271602
Kegg IDNot Available
ChemSpider ID26333175
FOODB IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in fatty acid elongase activity
Specific function:
May be a membrane bound enzyme involved in the highly specific elongation of saturated 14-carbon fatty acids (14:0) to 16-carbon species (16:0)
Gene Name:
ELO1
Uniprot ID:
P39540
Molecular weight:
36233.60156
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + CoA + CO(2).
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
POT1
Uniprot ID:
P27796
Molecular weight:
44729.89844
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA → CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Second trifunctional enzyme acting on the beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids, possessing hydratase-dehydrogenase- epimerase activities. Converts trans-2-enoyl-CoA via D-3- hydroxyacyl-CoA to 3-ketoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
FOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q02207
Molecular weight:
98702.39844
Reactions
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA → (2E)-2-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O.
(R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NAD(+) → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADH.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Involved in biosynthesis of fatty acids in mitochondria
Gene Name:
OAR1
Uniprot ID:
P35731
Molecular weight:
31183.69922
Reactions
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADP(+) → 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADPH.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Component of the microsomal membrane bound fatty acid elongation system, which produces the 26-carbon very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) from palmitate. Catalyzes the reduction of the 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediate that is formed in each cycle of fatty acid elongation. VLCFAs serve as precursors for ceramide and sphingolipids
Gene Name:
IFA38
Uniprot ID:
P38286
Molecular weight:
38707.80078
Reactions
3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NADP(+) → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADPH.