Canmetcon
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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00947
NameGlucose 6-phosphate
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionGlucose 6-phosphate (G6P) is produced in the cell by phosphorylation of glucose on the sixth carbon. G6P is then converted into pyruvate during the glycolysis. [Biocyc GLYCOLYSIS]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • a-D-glucose 6- phosphate
  • alpha-D-glucose 6- phosphate
  • alpha-D-glucose 6-phosphate
  • alpha-D-Hexose 6-phosphate
  • D-Glucose 6-phosphate
  • D-Glucose-6-dihydrogen phosphate
  • D-Hexose 6-phosphate
  • D(+)-Glucopyranose 6-phosphate
  • Glucose 6-phosphate
  • Glucose 6-phosphic acid
  • Glucose-6-phosphate
  • Robison ester
  • 6-O-Phosphono-D-glucopyranose
  • GLC6p
  • D-Glucose 6-phosphoric acid
  • Glucose 6-phosphoric acid
CAS number56-73-5
WeightAverage: 260.1358
Monoisotopic: 260.029718526
InChI KeyNBSCHQHZLSJFNQ-GASJEMHNSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C6H13O9P/c7-3-2(1-14-16(11,12)13)15-6(10)5(9)4(3)8/h2-10H,1H2,(H2,11,12,13)/t2-,3-,4+,5-,6?/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4S,5R)-3,4,5,6-tetrahydroxyoxan-2-yl]methoxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Nameglucose 6-phosphate
Chemical FormulaC6H13O9P
SMILES[H]OC1([H])O[C@]([H])(C([H])([H])OP(=O)(O[H])O[H])[C@@]([H])(O[H])[C@]([H])(O[H])[C@@]1([H])O[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hexose phosphates. These are carbohydrate derivatives containing a hexose substituted by one or more phosphate groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentHexose phosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Hexose phosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Oxane
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Hemiacetal
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility31.4 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.1ALOGPS
logP-3.1ChemAxon
logS-0.92ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.22ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area156.91 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity46.8 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability20.56 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolismPW002413 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Ethanol fermentationPW002448 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Fructose MetabolismPW002390 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Glycolysis IPW002386 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Inositol phosphate metabolismPW002495 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolismec00520 Map00520
Galactose metabolismec00052 Map00052
Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesisec00010 Map00010
Inositol phosphate metabolismec00562 Map00562
Pentose phosphate pathwayec00030 Map00030
SMPDB Reactions
D-Glucose + Adenosine triphosphateGlucose 6-phosphate + ADP
Alpha-D-Glucose + Adenosine triphosphateGlucose 6-phosphate + ADP
Alpha-D-Glucose + Adenosine triphosphateADP + hydron + Glucose 6-phosphate
Fructose 6-phosphateGlucose 6-phosphate
Glucose 6-phosphateβ-D-fructofuranose 6-phosphate
KEGG ReactionsNot Available
Concentrations
Intracellular Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationSubstrateGrowth ConditionsStrainCitation
2050 ± 110 µM 20 ml 2% (wt/vol) glucose, 0.5% (wt/vol) ammonium sulfate, 0.17% (wt/vol) yeast nitrogen base without amino acids (Difco, Detroit, MI) and 100 mM potassium phthalate at pH 5.0, supplemented with required nutrients (40 mg/L uracil, 40 mg/L Ltryptophan, 60 aerobicBaker's yeastPMID: 11135551
2300 ± 200 µM Synthetic medium with 2% glucoseaerobic;growing cellsBaker's yeastPMID: 6229402
560 ± 80 µM Synthetic medium with 2% glucoseaerobic;resting cellsBaker's yeastPMID: 6229402
340 ± 130 µM Synthetic medium with 2% glucoseanaerobic;resting cellsBaker's yeastPMID: 6229402
1360 ± 600 µM Synthetic medium with 2% galactoseaerobic;resting cellsBaker's yeastPMID: 6229402
Conversion Details Here
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Raamsdonk, L. M., Teusink, B., Broadhurst, D., Zhang, N., Hayes, A., Walsh, M. C., Berden, J. A., Brindle, K. M., Kell, D. B., Rowland, J. J., Westerhoff, H. V., van Dam, K., Oliver, S. G. (2001). "A functional genomics strategy that uses metabolome data to reveal the phenotype of silent mutations." Nat Biotechnol 19:45-50.11135551
  • Coevoet, M. A., Hervagault, J. F. (1997). "Irreversible metabolic transitions: the glucose 6-phosphate metabolism in yeast cell-free extracts." Biochem Biophys Res Commun 234:162-166.9168982
  • Eschrich, K., Schellenberger, W., Hofmann, E. (1990). "A hysteretic cycle in glucose 6-phosphate metabolism observed in a cell-free yeast extract." Eur J Biochem 188:697-703.2158887
  • Thevelein, J. M., Hohmann, S. (1995). "Trehalose synthase: guard to the gate of glycolysis in yeast?" Trends Biochem Sci 20:3-10.7878741
  • Vaseghi, S., Baumeister, A., Rizzi, M., Reuss, M. (1999). "In vivo dynamics of the pentose phosphate pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." Metab Eng 1:128-140.10935926
  • Senac, T., Hahn-Hagerdal, B. (1990). "Intermediary Metabolite Concentrations in Xylulose- and Glucose-Fermenting Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cells." Appl Environ Microbiol 56:120-126.16348083
  • Lagunas, R., Gancedo, C. (1983). "Role of phosphate in the regulation of the Pasteur effect in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." Eur J Biochem 137:479-483.6229402
  • Castrillo, J. I., Zeef, L. A., Hoyle, D. C., Zhang, N., Hayes, A., Gardner, D. C., Cornell, M. J., Petty, J., Hakes, L., Wardleworth, L., Rash, B., Brown, M., Dunn, W. B., Broadhurst, D., O'Donoghue, K., Hester, S. S., Dunkley, T. P., Hart, S. R., Swainston, N., Li, P., Gaskell, S. J., Paton, N. W., Lilley, K. S., Kell, D. B., Oliver, S. G. (2007). "Growth control of the eukaryote cell: a systems biology study in yeast." J Biol 6:4.17439666
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID4170
HMDB IDHMDB01401
Pubchem Compound ID208
Kegg IDC00668
ChemSpider ID25057696
FOODB IDFDB021818
WikipediaGlucose_6-phosphate
BioCyc IDGLC-6-P

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in intramolecular transferase activity, phosphotransferases
Specific function:
This enzyme participates in both the breakdown and synthesis of glucose. Can also act on mannose
Gene Name:
PGM2
Uniprot ID:
P37012
Molecular weight:
63088.0
Reactions
Alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate → alpha-D-glucose 6-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in intramolecular transferase activity, phosphotransferases
Specific function:
This enzyme participates in both the breakdown and synthesis of glucose. Can also act on mannose
Gene Name:
PGM1
Uniprot ID:
P33401
Molecular weight:
63111.30078
Reactions
Alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate → alpha-D-glucose 6-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Main glucose phosphorylating enzyme. May play a regulatory role in both induction and repression of gene expression by glucose
Gene Name:
HXK2
Uniprot ID:
P04807
Molecular weight:
53942.0
Reactions
ATP + D-hexose → ADP + D-hexose 6-phosphate.
ATP + D-fructose → ADP + D-fructose 1-phosphate
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + D-hexose = ADP + D-hexose 6-phosphate
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q06204
Molecular weight:
48968.80078
Reactions
ATP + D-hexose → ADP + D-hexose 6-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + D-hexose = ADP + D-hexose 6-phosphate
Gene Name:
HXK1
Uniprot ID:
P04806
Molecular weight:
53737.89844
Reactions
ATP + D-hexose → ADP + D-hexose 6-phosphate.
ATP + D-fructose → ADP + D-fructose 1-phosphate
General function:
Involved in glucose-6-phosphate isomerase activity
Specific function:
D-glucose 6-phosphate = D-fructose 6- phosphate
Gene Name:
PGI1
Uniprot ID:
P12709
Molecular weight:
61298.89844
Reactions
D-glucose 6-phosphate → D-fructose 6-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Putative glucokinase involved in phosphorylation of aldohexoses and glucose uptake. Involved in sporulation. Required for the full activation of the early meiotic inducer IME1
Gene Name:
EMI2
Uniprot ID:
Q04409
Molecular weight:
55920.30078
Reactions
ATP + D-glucose → ADP + D-glucose 6-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Two isoenzymes, hexokinase-1 and hexokinase-2, can phosphorylate keto- and aldohexoses in yeast, whereas a third isoenzyme, GLK, is specific for aldohexoses. All glucose phosphorylating enzymes are involved in glucose uptake
Gene Name:
GLK1
Uniprot ID:
P17709
Molecular weight:
55376.89844
Reactions
ATP + D-glucose → ADP + D-glucose 6-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Synthase catalytic subunit of the trehalose synthase complex that catalyzes the production of trehalose from glucose-6- phosphate and UDP-glucose in a two step process. Can function independently of the complex
Gene Name:
TPS1
Uniprot ID:
Q00764
Molecular weight:
56147.5
Reactions
UDP-glucose + D-glucose 6-phosphate → UDP + alpha,alpha-trehalose 6-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in isomerase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the interconversion between the alpha and beta anomers from at least three hexose 6-phosphate sugars (Glc6P, Gal6P, and Man6P)
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q03161
Molecular weight:
33955.69922
Reactions
Alpha-D-glucose 6-phosphate → beta-D-glucose 6-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in intramolecular transferase activity, phosphotransferases
Specific function:
This enzyme participates in both the breakdown and synthesis of glucose
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q03262
Molecular weight:
71068.60156
Reactions
Alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate → alpha-D-glucose 6-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
Specific function:
Hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing beta-D- fructofuranoside residues in beta-D-fructofuranosides
Gene Name:
SUC2
Uniprot ID:
P00724
Molecular weight:
60638.89844
Reactions
General function:
Involved in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
D-glucose 6-phosphate + NADP(+) = D-glucono- 1,5-lactone 6-phosphate + NADPH
Gene Name:
ZWF1
Uniprot ID:
P11412
Molecular weight:
57521.10156
Reactions
D-glucose 6-phosphate + NADP(+) → 6-phospho-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + NADPH.
General function:
Involved in inositol-3-phosphate synthase activity
Specific function:
D-glucose 6-phosphate = 1D-myo-inositol 3- phosphate
Gene Name:
INO1
Uniprot ID:
P11986
Molecular weight:
59641.60156
Reactions
D-glucose 6-phosphate → 1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate.