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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00909
NameTetracosanoyl-CoA
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionTetracosanoyl-CoA is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids. Tetracosanoyl-CoA is converted from palmitoyl-CoA in multiple steps. It is then converted to lignoceric acid via a thiol-ester hydrolase (E 3.1.2.-).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • Lignoceroyl-CoA
  • Lignoceroyl-Coenzyme A
  • S-tetracosanoate
  • S-tetracosanoate CoA
  • S-tetracosanoate Coenzyme A
  • S-tetracosanoic acid
  • Tetracosanoyl-coenzyme A
CAS number24305-30-4
WeightAverage: 1118.156
Monoisotopic: 1117.470074459
InChI KeyMOYMQYZWIUKGGY-LIEWTTMESA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C45H82N7O17P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-22-23-24-25-36(54)73-29-28-47-35(53)26-27-48-43(57)40(56)45(2,3)31-66-72(63,64)69-71(61,62)65-30-34-39(68-70(58,59)60)38(55)44(67-34)52-33-51-37-41(46)49-32-50-42(37)52/h32-34,38-40,44,55-56H,4-31H2,1-3H3,(H,47,53)(H,48,57)(H,61,62)(H,63,64)(H2,46,49,50)(H2,58,59,60)/t34-,38+,39?,40+,44-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,4S,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-[(2-{[2-(tetracosanoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]propoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name[(2R,4S,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3R)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-[(2-{[2-(tetracosanoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]propoxyphosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
Chemical FormulaC45H82N7O17P3S
SMILES[H]O[C@@]([H])(C(=O)N([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C(=O)N([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])SC(=O)C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])[H])C(C([H])([H])[H])(C([H])([H])[H])C([H])([H])OP(=O)(O[H])OP(=O)(O[H])OC([H])([H])[C@@]1([H])O[C@@]([H])(N2C([H])=NC3=C2N=C([H])N=C3N([H])[H])[C@@]([H])(O[H])C1([H])OP(=O)(O[H])O[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as very long-chain fatty acyl coas. These are acyl CoAs where the group acylated to the coenzyme A moiety is a very long aliphatic chain of 22 carbon atoms or more.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentVery long-chain fatty acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.053 g/LALOGPS
logP4.36ALOGPS
logP3.06ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count42ChemAxon
Refractivity273.46 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability115.7 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • peroxisome
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acidsPW002403 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids (tetracosanoyl-CoA)PW002404 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acidsec01040 Map01040
SMPDB Reactions
Tetracosanoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + hydronCoenzyme A + Carbon dioxide + 3-oxohexacosanoyl-CoA
(2E)-lignocerenoyl-CoA + hydron + NADPHNADP + Tetracosanoyl-CoA
Phytosphingosine + Tetracosanoyl-CoA hydron + Coenzyme A + N-Tetracosanoylphytosphingosine
KEGG Reactions
Coenzyme A + 3-oxohexacosanoyl-CoAAcetyl-CoA + Tetracosanoyl-CoA
Sphinganine + Tetracosanoyl-CoA N-tetracosanoylsphinganine + hydron + Coenzyme A
Phytosphingosine + Tetracosanoyl-CoA N-Tetracosanoylphytosphingosine + hydron + Coenzyme A
Coenzyme A + oxygen + NAD + Tetracosanoyl-CoA + waterNADH + stearoyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA + Hydrogen peroxide + hydron
Adenosine triphosphate + lignoceric acid + Coenzyme AAdenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Tetracosanoyl-CoA
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Mao, C., Xu, R., Bielawska, A., Szulc, Z. M., Obeid, L. M. (2000). "Cloning and characterization of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae alkaline ceramidase with specificity for dihydroceramide." J Biol Chem 275:31369-31378.10900202
  • Jiang, J. C., Kirchman, P. A., Zagulski, M., Hunt, J., Jazwinski, S. M. (1998). "Homologs of the yeast longevity gene LAG1 in Caenorhabditis elegans and human." Genome Res 8:1259-1272.9872981
  • Hiltunen, J. K., Mursula, A. M., Rottensteiner, H., Wierenga, R. K., Kastaniotis, A. J., Gurvitz, A. (2003). "The biochemistry of peroxisomal beta-oxidation in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae." FEMS Microbiol Rev 27:35-64.12697341
  • Jones, J. M., Nau, K., Geraghty, M. T., Erdmann, R., Gould, S. J. (1999). "Identification of peroxisomal acyl-CoA thioesterases in yeast and humans." J Biol Chem 274:9216-9223.10092594
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID52974
HMDB IDHMDB06526
Pubchem Compound ID3082227
Kegg IDC16529
ChemSpider ID35016004
FOODB IDFDB023959
WikipediaHydroxide
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds, in linear amides
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of dihydroceramide and also phytoceramide to dihydrosphingosine or phytosphingosine. Prefers dihydroceramide. Very low reverse hydrolysis activity, catalyzing synthesis of dihydroceramide from fatty acid and dihydrosphingosine. Is not responsible for the breakdown of unsaturated ceramide. May play a role in heat stress response
Gene Name:
YDC1
Uniprot ID:
Q02896
Molecular weight:
37230.5
Reactions
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA + O(2) = trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + H(2)O(2)
Gene Name:
POX1
Uniprot ID:
P13711
Molecular weight:
84041.39844
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + O(2) → trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + H(2)O(2).
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Component of the ceramide synthase complex required for C26-CoA-dependent ceramide synthesis. Redundant with LAC1. Facilitates ER-to-Golgi transport of GPI-anchored proteins. Involved in the aging process. Deletion of LAG1 results in a pronounced increase (approximately 50%) in mean and in maximum life span
Gene Name:
LAG1
Uniprot ID:
P38703
Molecular weight:
48454.10156
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + sphingosine → CoA + N-acylsphingosine.
General function:
Involved in fatty acid elongase activity
Specific function:
May be a membrane bound enzyme involved in the highly specific elongation of saturated 14-carbon fatty acids (14:0) to 16-carbon species (16:0)
Gene Name:
ELO1
Uniprot ID:
P39540
Molecular weight:
36233.60156
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + CoA + CO(2).
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
POT1
Uniprot ID:
P27796
Molecular weight:
44729.89844
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA → CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds, in linear amides
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes phytoceramide and also dihydroceramide into phytosphingosine or dihydrosphingosine. Prefers phytoceramide. Has also reverse hydrolysis activity, catalyzing synthesis of phytoceramide and dihydroceramide from palmitic acid and phytosphingosine or dihydrosphingosine. Is not responsible for the breakdown of unsaturated ceramide
Gene Name:
YPC1
Uniprot ID:
P38298
Molecular weight:
36419.39844
Reactions
General function:
Involved in identical protein binding
Specific function:
Component of the ceramide synthase complex required for C26-CoA-dependent ceramide synthesis. Redundant with LAG1. Facilitates ER-to-Golgi transport of GPI-anchored proteins
Gene Name:
LAC1
Uniprot ID:
P28496
Molecular weight:
48991.60156
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + sphingosine → CoA + N-acylsphingosine.
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA thioesterase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA thioesterases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), providing the potential to regulate intracellular levels of acyl-CoAs, free fatty acids and CoASH
Gene Name:
TES1
Uniprot ID:
P41903
Molecular weight:
40259.39844
Reactions
Palmitoyl-CoA + H(2)O → CoA + palmitate.
General function:
Involved in zinc ion binding
Specific function:
Required for respiration and the maintenance of the mitochondrial compartment. May have a role in the mitochondrial synthesis of fatty acids
Gene Name:
ETR1
Uniprot ID:
P38071
Molecular weight:
42066.5
Reactions
Acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADP(+) → trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADPH.
Acyl-CoA + NADP(+) → trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + NADPH.

Transporters

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
May be involved in long-chain fatty acids uptake, and thus may play a pivotal role in regulating their accessibility prior to metabolic utilization. May play an important role in uptake of these hydrophobic compounds under conditions where fatty acid synthesis is compromised
Gene Name:
FAT1
Uniprot ID:
P38225
Molecular weight:
77140.29688
Reactions