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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00893
NameL-Arabinose
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionL-Arabinose, also known as L-arabinopyranose, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pentoses. These are monosaccharides in which the carbohydrate moiety contains five carbon atoms. L-Arabinose is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). L-Arabinose exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • Arabinose
  • L-(+)-arabinose
  • L-arabinopyranose
  • L Arabinose
CAS number5328-37-0
WeightAverage: 150.1299
Monoisotopic: 150.05282343
InChI KeySRBFZHDQGSBBOR-HWQSCIPKSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C5H10O5/c6-2-1-10-5(9)4(8)3(2)7/h2-9H,1H2/t2-,3-,4+,5?/m0/s1
IUPAC Name(3R,4S,5S)-oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
Traditional IUPAC NameL-arabinopyranose
Chemical FormulaC5H10O5
SMILES[H]OC1([H])OC([H])([H])[C@]([H])(O[H])[C@]([H])(O[H])[C@@]1([H])O[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pentoses. These are monosaccharides in which the carbohydrate moiety contains five carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentPentoses
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Oxane
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hemiacetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting point158-160 °C
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water Solubility500.0 mg/mL [MERCK INDEX (1989)]PhysProp
LogP-3.02 [HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)]PhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1220 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.6ALOGPS
logP-2.3ChemAxon
logS0.91ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.31ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area90.15 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity29.96 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.38 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • extracellular
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolismPW002413 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolismec00520 Map00520
Pentose and glucuronate interconversionsec00040 Map00040
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG Reactions
L-Arabinose + NADPH + hydronNADP + L-arabinitol
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05al-9300000000-73d0d716ea47fc77a7aeJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00g0-9256300000-ae2d57025e3828494249JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0ue9-1900000000-07783f4be8db8a14f6f0JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0f89-1900000000-510acee1186ebf4c526bJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-07s1-9100000000-ff1e6f260ccdb7260dedJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-2900000000-f624316a77fb9d1bc74fJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001j-4900000000-768143fc08314c41644fJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-13182c55ee979014fcfaJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
Synthesis Reference:Whistler, Roy L.; Schweiger, Richard. Preparation of D-arabinose from D-glucose with hypochlorite. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1959), 81 5190-2.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID30849
HMDB IDHMDB00646
Pubchem Compound ID439195
Kegg IDC00259
ChemSpider ID26001186
FOODB IDFDB012306
WikipediaArabinose
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Reduces the cytotoxic compound methylglyoxal (MG) to (R)-lactaldehyde similar to GRE2. MG is synthesized via a bypath of glycolysis from dihydroxyacetone phosphate and is believed to play a role in cell cycle regulation and stress adaptation. In pentose-fermenting yeasts, aldose reductase catalyzes the reduction of xylose into xylitol. The purified enzyme catalyzes this reaction, but the inability of S.cerevisiae to grow on xylose as sole carbon source indicates that the physiological function is more likely methylglyoxal reduction
Gene Name:
GRE3
Uniprot ID:
P38715
Molecular weight:
37118.5
Reactions
Alditol + NAD(P)(+) → aldose + NAD(P)H.
(R)-lactaldehyde + NADP(+) → methylglyoxal + NADPH.