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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00760
NameN(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionGlycinamide Ribonucleotide, also known as 5'-phosphoribosylglycinamide or GAR, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycinamide ribonucleotides. Glycinamide ribonucleotides are compounds in which the amide N atom of glycineamide is linked to the C-1 of a ribosyl (or deoxyribosyl) moiety. Nucleotides have a phosphate group linked to the C5 carbon of the ribose (or deoxyribose) moiety. Glycinamide Ribonucleotide is a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). Glycinamide Ribonucleotide exists in both E. coli (prokaryote) and yeast (eukaryote).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 5-phosphoribosylglycinamide
  • 5'-Phosphoribosyl-glycineamide
  • 5'-Phosphoribosylglycinamide
  • 5'-Phosphoribosylglycineamide
  • GAR
  • gar, glycinamide ribonucleotide
  • Glycinamide ribonucleotide
  • Glycineamide ribonucleotide
  • Glycineamideribotide
  • N-glycyl-5-O-phosphono-D-ribofuranosylamine
  • N1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide
CAS number10074-18-7
WeightAverage: 286.1764
Monoisotopic: 286.056601978
InChI KeyOBQMLSFOUZUIOB-HJZCUYRDSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C7H15N2O8P/c8-1-4(10)9-7-6(12)5(11)3(17-7)2-16-18(13,14)15/h3,5-7,11-12H,1-2,8H2,(H,9,10)(H2,13,14,15)/t3-,5-,6-,7?/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R)-5-(2-aminoacetamido)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name5'-phosphoribosylglycinamide
Chemical FormulaC7H15N2O8P
SMILESNCC(=O)NC1O[C@H](COP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycinamide ribonucleotides. Glycinamide ribonucleotides are compounds in which the amide N atom of glycineamide is linked to the C-1 of a ribosyl (or deoxyribosyl) moiety. Nucleotides have a phosphate group linked to the C5 carbon of the ribose (or deoxyribose) moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassGlycinamide ribonucleotides
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentGlycinamide ribonucleotides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glycinamide-ribonucleotide
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Alpha-amino acid amide
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Monosaccharide
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carboxamide group
  • 1,2-diol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility14.6 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.4ALOGPS
logP-4.7ChemAxon
logS-1.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.23ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)8.14ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area171.57 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity55.29 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability23.69 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
One Carbon Pool by Folate IPW002468 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Purine metabolismec00230 Map00230
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG ReactionsNot Available
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-000t-9420000000-d7fee78dd4657e2eba28JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-053i-9460000000-f71dc4d8ec0f4da03819JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0560-9120000000-4770933b45387be6728cJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a59-9200000000-a6f2b9ab201fd0e69ee8JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0170-9550000000-99520656892b8c415efbJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-d6c860661b01956c80acJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-c2f2b85e6ec9caaa4408JSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Yow, G. Y., Uo, T., Yoshimura, T., Esaki, N. (2004). "D-amino acid N-acetyltransferase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae: a close homologue of histone acetyltransferase Hpa2p acting exclusively on free D-amino acids." Arch Microbiol 182:396-403.15375647
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID18349
HMDB IDHMDB02022
Pubchem Compound ID45266651
Kegg IDC03838
ChemSpider ID4573646
FOODB IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc ID5-PHOSPHO-RIBOSYL-GLYCINEAMIDE

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydroxymethyl-, formyl- and related transferase activity
Specific function:
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + N(1)-(5-phospho-D- ribosyl)glycinamide = tetrahydrofolate + N(2)-formyl-N(1)-(5- phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide
Gene Name:
ADE8
Uniprot ID:
P04161
Molecular weight:
23540.0
Reactions
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide → tetrahydrofolate + N(2)-formyl-N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
ATP + 5-phospho-D-ribosylamine + glycine = ADP + phosphate + N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide
Gene Name:
ADE5
Uniprot ID:
P07244
Molecular weight:
86067.39844
Reactions
ATP + 5-phospho-D-ribosylamine + glycine → ADP + phosphate + N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide.
ATP + 2-(formamido)-N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)acetamidine → ADP + phosphate + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole.