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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00756
Name3-phospho-D-glyceric acid
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
Description(2R)-2-Hydroxy-3-(phosphonatooxy)propanoate, also known as 3-phospho-(R)-glycerate or D-glycerate 3-phosphate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. Sugar acids and derivatives are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group (2R)-2-Hydroxy-3-(phosphonatooxy)propanoate is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 3-(dihydrogen phosphate)Glycerate
  • 3-(dihydrogen phosphate)Glyceric acid
  • 3-Glycerophosphorate
  • 3-Glycerophosphoric acid
  • 3-P-D-glycerate
  • 3-P-glycerate
  • 3-PGA
  • 3-phospho-(R)-glycerate
  • 3-phospho-D-glycerate
  • 3-phospho-glycerate
  • 3-phospho-glyceric acid
  • 3-phosphoglycerate
  • 3-phosphoglyceric acid
  • D-(-)-3-Phosphoglyceric acid
  • d-glycerate 3-phosphate
  • D-glycerate-3-P
  • Glycerate 3-phosphate
  • glycerate-3-P
  • Glyceric acid 3-phosphate
  • Phosphoglycerate
  • 3-Phospho-(R)-glyceric acid
  • 3-Phospho-D-glyceric acid
  • D-Glyceric acid 3-phosphoric acid
  • (2R)-2-Hydroxy-3-(phosphonatooxy)propanoic acid
  • (2R)-2-Hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)propanoic acid
  • 2-Hydroxy-3-(phosphonatooxy)propanoate
  • D-3-Phosphoglyceric acid
  • D-Glyceric acid 3-phosphate
CAS number820-11-1
WeightAverage: 186.0572
Monoisotopic: 185.99293909
InChI KeyOSJPPGNTCRNQQC-UWTATZPHSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C3H7O7P/c4-2(3(5)6)1-10-11(7,8)9/h2,4H,1H2,(H,5,6)(H2,7,8,9)/t2-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name(2R)-2-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)propanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC NameD-glycerate 3-phosphate
Chemical FormulaC3H7O7P
SMILESO[C@H](COP(O)(O)=O)C(O)=O
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. Sugar acids and derivatives are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentSugar acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glyceric_acid
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility21 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.3ALOGPS
logP-1.6ChemAxon
logS-0.95ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area124.29 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity31.26 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.54 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Ethanol fermentationPW002448 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Glycerol metabolismPW002407 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Glycolysis IPW002386 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Starch and sucrose metabolismPW002481 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
glycine metabolismPW002398 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Glycerolipid metabolismec00561 Map00561
Glycine, serine and threonine metabolismec00260 Map00260
Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesisec00010 Map00010
Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolismec00630 Map00630
Methane metabolismec00680 Map00680
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG Reactions
NAD + 3-phospho-D-glyceric acidNADH + Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid + hydron
Adenosine triphosphate + 3-phospho-D-glyceric acid3-phospho-D-glyceroyl dihydrogen phosphate + ADP
2-phospho-D-glyceric acid3-phospho-D-glyceric acid
Concentrations
Intracellular Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationSubstrateGrowth ConditionsStrainCitation
120 ± 10 µM Synthetic medium with 2% glucoseaerobic;resting cellsBaker's yeastPMID: 6229402
630 ± 100 µM Synthetic medium with 2% galactoseaerobic;resting cellsBaker's yeastPMID: 6229402
Conversion Details Here
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Faller, L. D., Johnson, A. M. (1974). "Calorimetric studies of the role of magnesium ions in yeast enolase catalysis." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 71:1083-1087.4598292
  • Melcher, K., Entian, K. D. (1992). "Genetic analysis of serine biosynthesis and glucose repression in yeast." Curr Genet 21:295-300.1326413
  • Albers, E., Laize, V., Blomberg, A., Hohmann, S., Gustafsson, L. (2003). "Ser3p (Yer081wp) and Ser33p (Yil074cp) are phosphoglycerate dehydrogenases in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." J Biol Chem 278:10264-10272.12525494
  • Rodicio, R., Heinisch, J. (1987). "Isolation of the yeast phosphoglyceromutase gene and construction of deletion mutants." Mol Gen Genet 206:133-140.3033435
  • Lagunas, R., Gancedo, C. (1983). "Role of phosphate in the regulation of the Pasteur effect in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." Eur J Biochem 137:479-483.6229402
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID17794
HMDB IDHMDB00807
Pubchem Compound ID25245548
Kegg IDC00197
ChemSpider ID388326
FOODB IDFDB030460
Wikipedia3-Phosphoglyceric_acid
BioCyc IDG3P

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) = 3- phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH
Gene Name:
SER33
Uniprot ID:
P40510
Molecular weight:
51187.80078
Reactions
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) → 3-phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH.
2-hydroxyglutarate + NAD(+) → 2-oxoglutarate + NADH.
General function:
Involved in phosphoglycerate kinase activity
Specific function:
ATP + 3-phospho-D-glycerate = ADP + 3-phospho- D-glyceroyl phosphate
Gene Name:
PGK1
Uniprot ID:
P00560
Molecular weight:
44738.0
Reactions
ATP + 3-phospho-D-glycerate → ADP + 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Interconversion of 3- and 2-phosphoglycerate with 2,3- bisphosphoglycerate as the primer of the reaction. Can also Catalyze the reaction of EC 5.4.2.4 (synthase) and EC 3.1.3.13 (phosphatase), but with a reduced activity
Gene Name:
GPM1
Uniprot ID:
P00950
Molecular weight:
27608.30078
Reactions
2-phospho-D-glycerate → 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Involved, either directly or indirectly, in the bidirectional transport of sterols between the endoplasmic reticulum and the plasma membrane
Gene Name:
DET1
Uniprot ID:
Q99288
Molecular weight:
39171.80078
Reactions
2-phospho-D-glycerate → 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the interconversion of 2-phosphoglycerate and 3-phosphoglycerate
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q12040
Molecular weight:
26176.5
Reactions
2-phospho-D-glycerate → 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Could be non-functional
Gene Name:
GPM3
Uniprot ID:
Q12326
Molecular weight:
34863.19922
Reactions
2-phospho-D-glycerate → 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Could be non-functional
Gene Name:
GPM2
Uniprot ID:
Q12008
Molecular weight:
36072.80078
Reactions
2-phospho-D-glycerate → 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) = 3- phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH
Gene Name:
SER3
Uniprot ID:
P40054
Molecular weight:
51192.80078
Reactions
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) → 3-phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH.
2-hydroxyglutarate + NAD(+) → 2-oxoglutarate + NADH.