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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00658
NamedCTP
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionDeoxycytidine triphosphate (dCTP) is a nucleoside triphosphate used for the synthesis of DNA. DNA usually exists as a double-stranded structure, with both strands coiled together to form the characteristic double-helix. Each single strand of DNA is a chain of four types of nucleotides having the bases: adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine. A nucleotide is a mono-, di-, or triphosphate deoxyribonucleoside; that is, a deoxyribose sugar is attached to one, two, or three phosphates. Chemical interaction of these nucleotides forms phosphodiester linkages, creating the phosphate-deoxyribose backbone of the DNA double helix with the bases pointing inward. Nucleotides (bases) are matched between strands through hydrogen bonds to form base pairs. Adenine pairs with thymine, and cytosine pairs with guanine. [Wikipedia]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 2-deoxycytidine 5-triphosphate
  • 2'-Deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate
  • 2'-deoxycytidine-5'-triphosphate
  • dCTP
  • deoxy-CTP
  • deoxycytidine 5-triphosphate
  • Deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate
  • deoxycytidine triphosphate
  • deoxycytidine-triphosphate
  • 2'-Deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphoric acid
  • Deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphoric acid
  • Deoxycytidine triphosphoric acid
  • 2'-Deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate, 3H-labeled
  • 2'-Deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate, p-(32)p-labeled
  • 2'-Deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate, magnesium salt
  • 2'-Deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate, p''-(32)p-labeled
CAS number2056-98-6
WeightAverage: 467.1569
Monoisotopic: 466.989597149
InChI KeyRGWHQCVHVJXOKC-SHYZEUOFSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C9H16N3O13P3/c10-7-1-2-12(9(14)11-7)8-3-5(13)6(23-8)4-22-27(18,19)25-28(20,21)24-26(15,16)17/h1-2,5-6,8,13H,3-4H2,(H,18,19)(H,20,21)(H2,10,11,14)(H2,15,16,17)/t5-,6+,8+/m0/s1
IUPAC Name({[({[(2R,3S,5R)-5-(4-amino-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-1-yl)-3-hydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC NamedCTP
Chemical FormulaC9H16N3O13P3
SMILESNC1=NC(=O)N(C=C1)[C@H]1C[C@H](O)[C@@H](COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)O1
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates. These are pyrimidine nucleotides with a triphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety lacking a hydroxyl group at position 2.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPyrimidine nucleotides
Sub ClassPyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides
Direct ParentPyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate
  • Hydroxypyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Hydropyrimidine
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility11.8 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.52ALOGPS
logP-3.6ChemAxon
logS-1.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.95ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.05ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area247.97 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity85.65 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability35.21 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Pyrimidine metabolismPW002469 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Pyrimidine metabolismec00240 Map00240
SMPDB Reactions
dCDP + Adenosine triphosphateADP + dCTP
Cytidine triphosphate + a reduced flavodoxin → water + an oxidized flavodoxin + dCTP
dCTP + water + hydronAmmonium + Deoxyuridine triphosphate
KEGG Reactions
water + hydron + dCTPDeoxyuridine triphosphate + Ammonium
Adenosine triphosphate + dCDPADP + dCTP
thioredoxin dithiol + Cytidine triphosphate → thioredoxin disulfide + water + dCTP
Concentrations
Intracellular Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationSubstrateGrowth ConditionsStrainCitation
18 ± 0 µM YEPD mediumaerobicBaker's yeastPMID: 14573610
Conversion Details Here
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Koc, A., Wheeler, L. J., Mathews, C. K., Merrill, G. F. (2004). "Hydroxyurea arrests DNA replication by a mechanism that preserves basal dNTP pools." J Biol Chem 279:223-230.14573610
Synthesis Reference:Hinz M; Gottschling D; Eritja R; Seliger H Synthesis and properties of 2'-deoxycytidine triphosphate carrying c-myc tag sequence. Nucleosides, nucleotides & nucleic acids (2000), 19(10-12), 1543-52.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID16311
HMDB IDHMDB00998
Pubchem Compound ID625
Kegg IDC00458
ChemSpider ID24785437
FOODB IDFDB022359
WikipediaDeoxycytidine_triphosphate
BioCyc IDDCTP

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate. Required for repair of UV radiation- and etoposide-induced DNA damage
Gene Name:
YNK1
Uniprot ID:
P36010
Molecular weight:
17166.59961
Reactions
ATP + nucleoside diphosphate → ADP + nucleoside triphosphate.
General function:
Involved in zinc ion binding
Specific function:
Supplies the nucleotide substrate for thymidylate synthetase
Gene Name:
DCD1
Uniprot ID:
P06773
Molecular weight:
35645.69922
Reactions
dCMP + H(2)O → dUMP + NH(3).
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
Participates as a hydrogen donor in redox reactions through the reversible oxidation of its active center dithiol to a disulfide, accompanied by the transfer of 2 electrons and 2 protons. It is involved in many cellular processes, including deoxyribonucleotide synthesis, repair of oxidatively damaged proteins, protein folding, sulfur metabolism, and redox homeostasis. Thioredoxin-dependent enzymes include phosphoadenosine-phosphosulfate reductase MET16, alkyl- hydroperoxide reductase DOT5, thioredoxin peroxidases TSA1 and TSA2, alkyl hydroperoxide reductase AHP1, and peroxiredoxin HYR1. Thioredoxin is also involved in protection against reducing stress. As part of the LMA1 complex, it is involved in the facilitation of vesicle fusion such as homotypic vacuole and ER- derived COPII vesicle fusion with the Golgi. This activity does not require the redox mechanism. Through its capacity to inactivate the stress response transcription factor YAP1 and its regulator the hydroperoxide stress sensor HYR1, it is involved in feedback regulation of stress response gene expression upon oxidative stress
Gene Name:
TRX2
Uniprot ID:
P22803
Molecular weight:
11203.7998
Reactions
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
Participates as a hydrogen donor in redox reactions through the reversible oxidation of its active center dithiol to a disulfide, accompanied by the transfer of 2 electrons and 2 protons. It is involved in many cellular processes, including deoxyribonucleotide synthesis, repair of oxidatively damaged proteins, protein folding, sulfur metabolism, and redox homeostasis. Thioredoxin-dependent enzymes include phosphoadenosine-phosphosulfate reductase MET16, alkyl- hydroperoxide reductase DOT5, thioredoxin peroxidases TSA1 and TSA2, alkyl hydroperoxide reductase AHP1, and peroxiredoxin HYR1. Thioredoxin is also involved in protection against reducing stress. As part of the LMA1 complex, it is involved in the facilitation of vesicle fusion such as homotypic vacuole and ER- derived COPII vesicle fusion with the Golgi. This activity does not require the redox mechanism
Gene Name:
TRX1
Uniprot ID:
P22217
Molecular weight:
11234.90039
Reactions