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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00600
NameP(1),P(4)-bis(5'-guanosyl) tetraphosphate
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionDiguanosine tetraphosphate, also known as GPPPPG or (PPG)2, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as (5'->5')-dinucleotides. These are dinucleotides where the two bases are connected via a (5'->5')-phosphodiester linkage. Diguanosine tetraphosphate is a moderately basic compound (based on its pKa). Diguanosine tetraphosphate exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (ppG)2
  • Bis(5'-guanosyl) tetraphosphate
  • bis(guanylyl) diphosphate
  • Diguanosine tetraphosphate
  • G(5')p4(5')G
  • GP4G
  • GppppG
  • guanosine(5')tetraphospho(5')guanosine
  • P1,P4-bis(5'-Guanosyl) tetraphosphate
  • Bis(5'-guanosyl) tetraphosphoric acid
  • Bis(guanylyl) diphosphoric acid
  • P1,P4-Bis(5'-guanosyl) tetraphosphoric acid
  • Diguanosine tetraphosphoric acid
  • [5-(2-Amino-6-hydroxy-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxy-oxolan-2-yl]methoxy-[[[[5-(2-amino-6-hydroxy-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxy-oxolan-2-yl]methoxy-hydroxy-phosphoryl]oxy-hydroxy-phosphoryl]oxy-hydroxy-phosphoryl]oxy-phosphinic acid
CAS number4130-19-2
WeightAverage: 868.3858
Monoisotopic: 868.038094056
InChI KeyOLGWXCQXRSSQPO-MHARETSRSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C20H28N10O21P4/c21-19-25-13-7(15(35)27-19)23-3-29(13)17-11(33)9(31)5(47-17)1-45-52(37,38)49-54(41,42)51-55(43,44)50-53(39,40)46-2-6-10(32)12(34)18(48-6)30-4-24-8-14(30)26-20(22)28-16(8)36/h3-6,9-12,17-18,31-34H,1-2H2,(H,37,38)(H,39,40)(H,41,42)(H,43,44)(H3,21,25,27,35)(H3,22,26,28,36)/t5-,6-,9-,10-,11-,12-,17-,18-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(2-amino-6-oxo-6,9-dihydro-1H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}({[({[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(2-amino-6-oxo-6,9-dihydro-1H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)(hydroxy)phosphoryl]oxy})phosphinic acid
Traditional IUPAC Namediguanosine tetraphosphate
Chemical FormulaC20H28N10O21P4
SMILESNC1=NC2=C(N=CN2[C@@H]2O[C@H](COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]3O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]3O)N3C=NC4=C3N=C(N)NC4=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]2O)C(=O)N1
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as (5'->5')-dinucleotides. These are dinucleotides where the two bases are connected via a (5'->5')-phosphodiester linkage.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
Class(5'->5')-dinucleotides
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct Parent(5'->5')-dinucleotides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • (5'->5')-dinucleotide
  • Purine ribonucleoside polyphosphate
  • Purine nucleotide sugar
  • Purine ribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-oxopurine
  • Hypoxanthine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Pyrimidone
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility11 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.18ALOGPS
logP-5.9ChemAxon
logS-1.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.5ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)1.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count22ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count12ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area465.33 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count14ChemAxon
Refractivity168.95 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability68.35 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings6ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB PathwaysNot Available
KEGG Pathways
Purine metabolismec00230 Map00230
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG Reactions
GTP + hydron + Guanosine diphosphatephosphate + P(1),P(4)-bis(5'-guanosyl) tetraphosphate
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID15883
HMDB IDHMDB01340
Pubchem Compound ID165186
Kegg IDC01261
ChemSpider ID144813
FOODB IDFDB022564
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDCPD-609

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in ATP adenylyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Ap4A phosphorylase catabolizes Ap4N nucleotides (where N is A,C,G or U). Additionally this enzyme catalyzes the conversion of adenosine-5-phosphosulfate (AMPs) plus Pi to ADP plus sulfate, the exchange of NDP and phosphate and the synthesis of Ap4A from AMPs plus ATP
Gene Name:
APA1
Uniprot ID:
P16550
Molecular weight:
36492.19922
Reactions
ADP + ATP → phosphate + P(1),P(4)-bis(5'-adenosyl) tetraphosphate.
ADP + sulfate → phosphate + adenylyl sulfate.
Adenylylsulfate + ATP → P(1),P(4)-bis(5'-adenosyl)tetraphosphate + sulfate.