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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00554
Namezymosteryl palmitoleate
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
Descriptionzymosteryl palmitoleate belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cholestane steroids. These are steroids with a structure containing the 27-carbon cholestane skeleton. zymosteryl palmitoleate is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • Zymosteryl palmitoleic acid
CAS numberNot Available
WeightAverage: 621.0306
Monoisotopic: 620.553231548
InChI KeyRKBOCYGCMVZAEZ-MMBTXPDKSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C43H72O2/c1-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-23-41(44)45-36-28-30-42(5)35(32-36)24-25-37-39-27-26-38(34(4)22-20-21-33(2)3)43(39,6)31-29-40(37)42/h12-13,21,34-36,38-39H,7-11,14-20,22-32H2,1-6H3/b13-12-/t34-,35+,36+,38-,39+,42+,43-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name(2S,5S,7S,11R,14R,15R)-2,15-dimethyl-14-[(2R)-6-methylhept-5-en-2-yl]tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-1(10)-en-5-yl (9Z)-hexadec-9-enoate
Traditional IUPAC Namezymosteryl palmitoleate
Chemical FormulaC43H72O2
SMILESCCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCCCC(=O)O[C@H]1CC[C@]2(C)C3=C(CC[C@@]2([H])C1)[C@]1([H])CC[C@]([H])([C@H](C)CCC=C(C)C)[C@@]1(C)CC3
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cholestane steroids. These are steroids with a structure containing the 27-carbon cholestane skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassCholestane steroids
Direct ParentCholestane steroids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cholestane-skeleton
  • Steroid ester
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.9e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP10.54ALOGPS
logP13.22ChemAxon
logS-7.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area26.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count19ChemAxon
Refractivity195.91 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability82.56 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • endoplasmic reticulum
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB PathwaysNot Available
KEGG PathwaysNot Available
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG Reactions
zymosterolzymosteryl palmitoleate + Coenzyme A
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00dr-1256049000-2d9c65af4a1a00ce7e3bJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-014r-4659040000-7271a4e05ccffa452d86JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-07do-4819240000-d24fd5679fff49f331d3JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-0024009000-10728694041bebcf1a86JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-00lr-0049103000-7867c03f0d278193203fJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-015c-2029000000-c58a083015235ec11379JSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Zweytick, D., Leitner, E., Kohlwein, S. D., Yu, C., Rothblatt, J., Daum, G. (2000). "Contribution of Are1p and Are2p to steryl ester synthesis in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae." Eur J Biochem 267:1075-1082.10672016
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID52385
HMDB IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound ID25271594
Kegg IDNot Available
ChemSpider ID23107008
FOODB IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in O-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA + cholesterol = CoA + cholesterol ester
Gene Name:
ARE1
Uniprot ID:
P25628
Molecular weight:
71612.5
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + cholesterol → CoA + cholesterol ester.