Canmetcon
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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00533
Namemalonyl-CoA
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionMalonyl-CoA is a coenzyme A derivative which plays a key role in the fatty acid synthesis in the cytoplasmic and microsomal systems. Fatty acids must be activated with CoA before any chemical modification can be applied. Also fatty acid metabolic intermediates will also exists as CoA derivatives until the CoA is enzymatically cleaved. The fatty acid group is linked to the terminal thoil moiety of CoA.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • Malonyl CoA
  • Malonyl Coenzyme A
  • malonyl-CoA
  • malonyl-Coenzyme A
  • omega-Carboxyacyl-CoA
  • omega-Carboxyacyl-Coenzyme A
  • S-(Hydrogen malonyl)coenzyme A
  • S-(hydrogen propanedioate
  • S-(hydrogen propanedioate) CoA
  • S-(hydrogen propanedioate) Coenzyme A
  • S-(hydrogen propanedioic acid
  • coenzyme A, S-(Hydrogen propanedioate)
  • coenzyme A, S-(Hydrogen propanedioic acid)
CAS number524-14-1
WeightAverage: 853.58
Monoisotopic: 853.115602295
InChI KeyLTYOQGRJFJAKNA-DVVLENMVSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C24H38N7O19P3S/c1-24(2,19(37)22(38)27-4-3-13(32)26-5-6-54-15(35)7-14(33)34)9-47-53(44,45)50-52(42,43)46-8-12-18(49-51(39,40)41)17(36)23(48-12)31-11-30-16-20(25)28-10-29-21(16)31/h10-12,17-19,23,36-37H,3-9H2,1-2H3,(H,26,32)(H,27,38)(H,33,34)(H,42,43)(H,44,45)(H2,25,28,29)(H2,39,40,41)/t12-,17-,18-,19+,23-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name3-[(2-{3-[(2R)-3-[({[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)methyl]-2-hydroxy-3-methylbutanamido]propanamido}ethyl)sulfanyl]-3-oxopropanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC Namemalonyl-coa
Chemical FormulaC24H38N7O19P3S
SMILESCC(C)(COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N)[C@@H](O)C(=O)NCCC(=O)NCCSC(=O)CC(O)=O
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to an acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentAcyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • 1,3-dicarbonyl compound
  • Pyrimidine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Monosaccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboximidic acid derivative
  • Carboximidic acid
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.8 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.62ALOGPS
logP-7.1ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.97ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count19ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area400.93 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count22ChemAxon
Refractivity178.55 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability74.68 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • mitochondrion
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acidsPW002403 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids (docosanoyl)PW002408 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids (icosanoyl)PW002434 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids (stearoyl)PW002435 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids (tetracosanoyl-CoA)PW002404 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acidsec01040 Map01040
Fatty acid biosynthesisec00061 Map00061
Phenylalanine metabolismec00360 Map00360
Propanoate metabolismec00640 Map00640
Pyruvate metabolismec00620 Map00620
SMPDB Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + Adenosine triphosphate + Hydrogen carbonateADP + Pyrophosphate + malonyl-CoA
Palmityl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + hydronCarbon dioxide + 3-oxooctadecanoyl-CoA + Coenzyme A
Eicosanoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + hydronCoenzyme A + Carbon dioxide + 3-oxodocosanoyl-CoA
Docosanoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + hydronCoenzyme A + Carbon dioxide + 3-oxotetracosanoyl-CoA
stearoyl-CoA + hydron + malonyl-CoA3-oxoicosanoyl-CoA + Coenzyme A + Carbon dioxide
KEGG Reactions
Carbonic acid + Adenosine triphosphate + Acetyl-CoAphosphate + malonyl-CoA + hydron + ADP
malonyl-CoA + Caprylic acid + hydron + NADPHcapric acid + Carbon dioxide + NADP + water + Coenzyme A
capric acid + malonyl-CoA + hydron + NADPHlauric acid + Carbon dioxide + NADP + water + Coenzyme A
lauric acid + malonyl-CoA + hydron + NADPHCarbon dioxide + NADP + myristic acid + water + Coenzyme A
lauric acid + hydron + malonyl-CoA + oxygen + NADPHNADP + Carbon dioxide + Myristoleic acid + Coenzyme A + water
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Dickson, R. C., Sumanasekera, C., Lester, R. L. (2006). "Functions and metabolism of sphingolipids in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." Prog Lipid Res 45:447-465.16730802
  • Hoja, U., Marthol, S., Hofmann, J., Stegner, S., Schulz, R., Meier, S., Greiner, E., Schweizer, E. (2004). "HFA1 encoding an organelle-specific acetyl-CoA carboxylase controls mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." J Biol Chem 279:21779-21786.14761959
  • Kohlwein, S. D., Eder, S., Oh, C. S., Martin, C. E., Gable, K., Bacikova, D., Dunn, T. (2001). "Tsc13p is required for fatty acid elongation and localizes to a novel structure at the nuclear-vacuolar interface in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." Mol Cell Biol 21:109-125.11113186
  • Schneiter, R., Tatzer, V., Gogg, G., Leitner, E., Kohlwein, S. D. (2000). "Elo1p-dependent carboxy-terminal elongation of C14:1Delta(9) to C16:1Delta(11) fatty acids in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." J Bacteriol 182:3655-3660.10850979
  • Kastaniotis, A. J., Autio, K. J., Sormunen, R. T., Hiltunen, J. K. (2004). "Htd2p/Yhr067p is a yeast 3-hydroxyacyl-ACP dehydratase essential for mitochondrial function and morphology." Mol Microbiol 53:1407-1421.15387819
Synthesis Reference:Hulsmann, W. C. Synthesis of malonyl coenzyme A from acetyl coenzyme A and oxalosuccinate in mitochondria. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (1963), 77(3), 502-3.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID15531
HMDB IDHMDB01175
Pubchem Compound ID10663
Kegg IDC00083
ChemSpider ID24785730
FOODB IDNot Available
WikipediaMalonyl-CoA
BioCyc IDMALONYL-COA

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in fatty acid elongase activity
Specific function:
Involved in synthesis of 1,3-beta-glucan. Could be a subunit of 1,3-beta-glucan synthase. Could be also a component of the membrane bound fatty acid elongation systems that produce the 26-carbon very long chain fatty acids that are precursors for ceramide and sphingolipids. Appears to be involved in the elongation of fatty acids up to 24 carbons. Appears to have the highest affinity for substrates with chain length less than 22 carbons
Gene Name:
FEN1
Uniprot ID:
P25358
Molecular weight:
40001.80078
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + CoA + CO(2).
General function:
Involved in fatty acid elongase activity
Specific function:
May be a membrane bound enzyme involved in the highly specific elongation of saturated 14-carbon fatty acids (14:0) to 16-carbon species (16:0)
Gene Name:
ELO1
Uniprot ID:
P39540
Molecular weight:
36233.60156
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + CoA + CO(2).
General function:
Involved in acyl carrier activity
Specific function:
Carrier of the growing fatty acid chain in fatty acid biosynthesis. May be involved in the synthesis of very-long-chain fatty acids. Accessory and non-catalytic subunit of the mitochondrial membrane respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (Complex I), which functions in the transfer of electrons from NADH to the respiratory chain
Gene Name:
ACP1
Uniprot ID:
P32463
Molecular weight:
13942.5
General function:
Involved in transferase activity
Specific function:
Fatty acid synthetase catalyzes the formation of long- chain fatty acids from acetyl-CoA, malonyl-CoA and NADPH. The beta subunit contains domains for:[acyl-carrier-protein] acetyltransferase and malonyltransferase, S-acyl fatty acid synthase thioesterase, enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase, and 3-hydroxypalmitoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] dehydratase
Gene Name:
FAS1
Uniprot ID:
P07149
Molecular weight:
228689.0
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + n malonyl-CoA + 2n NADH + 2n NADPH → long-chain-acyl-CoA + n CoA + n CO(2) + 2n NAD(+) + 2n NADP(+).
Acetyl-CoA + [acyl-carrier-protein] → CoA + acetyl-[acyl-carrier-protein].
Malonyl-CoA + [acyl-carrier-protein] → CoA + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein].
(3R)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] → hexadec-2-enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + H(2)O.
Acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NAD(+) → trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADH.
Oleoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + H(2)O → [acyl-carrier-protein] + oleate.
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Fatty acid synthetase catalyzes the formation of long- chain fatty acids from acetyl-CoA, malonyl-CoA and NADPH. The alpha subunit contains domains for:acyl carrier protein, 3- oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase, and 3-oxoacyl-[acyl- carrier-protein] synthase. This subunit coordinates the binding of the six beta subunits to the enzyme complex
Gene Name:
FAS2
Uniprot ID:
P19097
Molecular weight:
206945.0
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + n malonyl-CoA + 2n NADH + 2n NADPH → long-chain-acyl-CoA + n CoA + n CO(2) + 2n NAD(+) + 2n NADP(+).
Acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] → 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + CO(2) + [acyl-carrier-protein].
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADP(+) → 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADPH.
General function:
Involved in acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the rate-limiting reaction in the mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis (FAS) type II pathway. Responsible for the production of the mitochondrial malonyl-CoA, used for the biosynthesis of the cofactor lipoic acid. This protein carries three functions:biotin carboxyl carrier protein, biotin carboxylase, and carboxyltransferase
Gene Name:
HFA1
Uniprot ID:
P32874
Molecular weight:
259161.0
Reactions
ATP + acetyl-CoA + HCO(3)(-) → ADP + phosphate + malonyl-CoA.
ATP + biotin-[carboxyl-carrier-protein] + CO(2) → ADP + phosphate + carboxy-biotin-[carboxyl-carrier-protein].
General function:
Involved in acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity
Specific function:
Carries out three functions:biotin carboxyl carrier protein, biotin carboxylase and carboxyltransferase
Gene Name:
FAS3
Uniprot ID:
Q00955
Molecular weight:
250351.0
Reactions
ATP + acetyl-CoA + HCO(3)(-) → ADP + phosphate + malonyl-CoA.
ATP + biotin-[carboxyl-carrier-protein] + CO(2) → ADP + phosphate + carboxy-biotin-[carboxyl-carrier-protein].
General function:
Involved in transferase activity
Specific function:
Involved in biosynthesis of fatty acids in mitochondria
Gene Name:
MCT1
Uniprot ID:
Q12283
Molecular weight:
40706.89844
Reactions
Malonyl-CoA + [acyl-carrier-protein] → CoA + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein].