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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00530
Namelauroyl-CoA
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionLauroyl-CoA, also known as dodecanoyl-CoA or C12:0-CoA, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as thiamine phosphates. These are thiamine derivatives in which the hydroxyl group of the ethanol moiety is substituted by a phosphate group. Thus, lauroyl-CoA is considered to be a fatty ester lipid molecule. Lauroyl-CoA is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral. Lauroyl-CoA exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • C12:0-CoA
  • coenzyme A, S-dodecanoate
  • Dodecanoyl-CoA
  • Dodecanoyl-Coenzyme A
  • lauroyl coenzyme a
  • Lauroyl-CoA
  • Lauroyl-coenzyme A
  • coenzyme A, S-Dodecanoic acid
CAS number6244-92-4
WeightAverage: 949.837
Monoisotopic: 949.282273691
InChI KeyYMCXGHLSVALICC-GMHMEAMDSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C33H58N7O17P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-24(42)61-17-16-35-23(41)14-15-36-31(45)28(44)33(2,3)19-54-60(51,52)57-59(49,50)53-18-22-27(56-58(46,47)48)26(43)32(55-22)40-21-39-25-29(34)37-20-38-30(25)40/h20-22,26-28,32,43-44H,4-19H2,1-3H3,(H,35,41)(H,36,45)(H,49,50)(H,51,52)(H2,34,37,38)(H2,46,47,48)/t22-,26-,27-,28+,32-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-2-({[({[(3R)-3-[(2-{[2-(dodecanoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylpropoxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)(hydroxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)-4-hydroxyoxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Namelauroyl-coa
Chemical FormulaC33H58N7O17P3S
SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as thiamine phosphates. These are thiamine derivatives in which the hydroxyl group of the ethanol moiety is substituted by a phosphate group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassDiazines
Sub ClassPyrimidines and pyrimidine derivatives
Direct ParentThiamine phosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Thiamine-phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • 2,4,5-trisubstituted 1,3-thiazole
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Imidolactam
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Thiazole
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Amino acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Azacycle
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Aromatic alcohol
  • Organic cation
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.59 g/LALOGPS
logP1.35ALOGPS
logP-2.3ChemAxon
logS-2.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count30ChemAxon
Refractivity218.24 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability91.8 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • peroxisome
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Fatty acid elongation in mitochondriaPW002467 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Fatty acid metabolismPW002460 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Fatty acid elongation in mitochondriaec00062 Map00062
Fatty acid metabolismec00071 Map00071
SMPDB Reactions
lauroyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA3-oxotetradecanoyl-CoA + Coenzyme A
lauroyl-CoA + electron-transfer flavoprotein → (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA + Reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein
(2E)-Dodecenoyl-CoA + NADPHlauroyl-CoA + NADP
KEGG Reactions
3-oxotetradecanoyl-CoA + Coenzyme AAcetyl-CoA + lauroyl-CoA
lauroyl-CoA + oxygen(2E)-Dodecenoyl-CoA + Hydrogen peroxide
lauric acid + Adenosine triphosphate + Coenzyme AAdenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + lauroyl-CoA
decanoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + hydron + NADPHCarbon dioxide + NADP + water + lauroyl-CoA + Coenzyme A
malonyl-CoA + lauroyl-CoA + hydron + NADPHCarbon dioxide + NADP + water + Tetradecanoyl-CoA + Coenzyme A
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1911101102-687968f22ae76ca547b2JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0931300000-f614ebfa62da3b2be8e6JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1910102000-031217cf76abed1b705fJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-003r-3922021304-259fa0e4c2115b5176b6JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-2901100001-efdce198394adecd9a34JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-7e1a4d11b2e1da20a826JSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Jones, J. M., Nau, K., Geraghty, M. T., Erdmann, R., Gould, S. J. (1999). "Identification of peroxisomal acyl-CoA thioesterases in yeast and humans." J Biol Chem 274:9216-9223.10092594
Synthesis Reference:Eaton, Simon; Turnbull, Douglass M.; Bartlett, Kim. Redox control of b-oxidation in rat liver mitochondria. European Journal of Biochemistry (1994), 220(3), 671-81.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID15521
HMDB IDHMDB03571
Pubchem Compound ID165436
Kegg IDC01832
ChemSpider ID24785169
FOODB IDFDB023198
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDLAUROYLCOA-CPD

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA + O(2) = trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + H(2)O(2)
Gene Name:
POX1
Uniprot ID:
P13711
Molecular weight:
84041.39844
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + O(2) → trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + H(2)O(2).
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Esterification, concomitant with transport, of endogenous long-chain fatty acids into metabolically active CoA thioesters for subsequent degradation or incorporation into phospholipids. Preferentially acts on C9:0-C13:0 fatty acids although C7:0-C17:0 fatty acids are tolerated
Gene Name:
FAA2
Uniprot ID:
P39518
Molecular weight:
83437.10156
Reactions
ATP + a long-chain carboxylic acid + CoA → AMP + diphosphate + an acyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
POT1
Uniprot ID:
P27796
Molecular weight:
44729.89844
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA → CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in transferase activity
Specific function:
Fatty acid synthetase catalyzes the formation of long- chain fatty acids from acetyl-CoA, malonyl-CoA and NADPH. The beta subunit contains domains for:[acyl-carrier-protein] acetyltransferase and malonyltransferase, S-acyl fatty acid synthase thioesterase, enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase, and 3-hydroxypalmitoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] dehydratase
Gene Name:
FAS1
Uniprot ID:
P07149
Molecular weight:
228689.0
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + n malonyl-CoA + 2n NADH + 2n NADPH → long-chain-acyl-CoA + n CoA + n CO(2) + 2n NAD(+) + 2n NADP(+).
Acetyl-CoA + [acyl-carrier-protein] → CoA + acetyl-[acyl-carrier-protein].
Malonyl-CoA + [acyl-carrier-protein] → CoA + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein].
(3R)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] → hexadec-2-enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + H(2)O.
Acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NAD(+) → trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADH.
Oleoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + H(2)O → [acyl-carrier-protein] + oleate.
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA thioesterase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA thioesterases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), providing the potential to regulate intracellular levels of acyl-CoAs, free fatty acids and CoASH
Gene Name:
TES1
Uniprot ID:
P41903
Molecular weight:
40259.39844
Reactions
Palmitoyl-CoA + H(2)O → CoA + palmitate.