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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00517
Name10-Formyltetrahydrofolic acid
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
Description10-Formyltetrahydrofolate is an intermediate in the tetrahydrofolate salvage pathway. Tetrahydrofolate (vitamin B9) and its derivatives, commonly termed folates, are essential cofactors that facilitate the transfer of one-carbon units from donor molecules into important biosynthetic pathways leading to methionine, purine, and pyrimidine biosynthesis. Folates also mediate the interconversion of serine and glycine, and play a role in histidine catabolism. [Biocyc PWY-6613]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (6S)-10-HCO-H4folate
  • 10-Formyl-(6RS)-tetrahydrofolic acid
  • 10-formyl-H4PteGlu1
  • 10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate
  • 10-formyl-thf
  • 10-formyltetrahydrofolate
  • 10-formyltetrahydrofolic acid
  • 10-formyltetrahydropteroylglutamate
  • 10-formyltetrahydropteroylglutamic acid
  • 10-fthf
  • N-(10-formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropteroyl)-L-glutamic acid
  • N10-Formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolate
  • N10-Formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid
  • N10-formyl-H4F
  • N10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate
  • N10-formyl-THF
  • N10-Formyltetrahydrofolate
  • N10-Formyltetrahydrofolic acid
  • N10-Formyltetrahydropteroylglutamate
  • (6S)-10-HCO-H4Folic acid
  • N-(10-Formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropteroyl)-L-glutamate
CAS number2800-34-2
WeightAverage: 473.4393
Monoisotopic: 473.165896125
InChI KeyAUFGTPPARQZWDO-YPMHNXCESA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C20H23N7O7/c21-20-25-16-15(18(32)26-20)23-11(7-22-16)8-27(9-28)12-3-1-10(2-4-12)17(31)24-13(19(33)34)5-6-14(29)30/h1-4,9,11,13,23H,5-8H2,(H,24,31)(H,29,30)(H,33,34)(H4,21,22,25,26,32)/t11-,13+/m1/s1
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-{[4-(N-{[(6R)-2-amino-4-oxo-3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydropteridin-6-yl]methyl}formamido)phenyl]formamido}pentanedioic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name10-formyltetrahydrofolic acid
Chemical FormulaC20H23N7O7
SMILES[H]C(=O)N(C[C@H]1CNC2=C(N1)C(=O)NC(N)=N2)C1=CC=C(C=C1)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(O)=O
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as tetrahydrofolic acids. These are heterocyclic compounds based on the 5,6,7,8-tetrahydropteroic acid skeleton conjugated with at least one L-glutamic acid unit.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassPteridines and derivatives
Sub ClassPterins and derivatives
Direct ParentTetrahydrofolic acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Tetrahydrofolic acid
  • Glutamic acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Hippuric acid
  • Hippuric acid or derivatives
  • Acylaminobenzoic acid or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Anilide
  • Benzoic acid or derivatives
  • Benzamide
  • Benzoyl
  • Pyrimidone
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Secondary aliphatic/aromatic amine
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Benzenoid
  • Pyrimidine
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Azacycle
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Secondary amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.35 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.8ALOGPS
logP-3.4ChemAxon
logS-3.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.47ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count7ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area215.55 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity124.88 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability46.63 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm, Mitochondrion
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
One Carbon Pool by Folate IPW002468 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
glycine metabolismPW002398 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesisPW002478 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
serine metabolismPW002402 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
tetrahydrofolate biosynthesisPW002417 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
One carbon pool by folateec00670 Map00670
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG ReactionsNot Available
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a7i-0301900000-731bc9348489f24f80ffJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-003r-0936800000-ade646bc1baf4b8851afJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-001r-0910000000-a7975e3a08f3a92a4ce2JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00di-0000900000-53fa6981f67bce467289JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0uml-1122900000-95a426dd0ca2a0207dbbJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9741000000-dbaf84d2dcb0c0d71757JSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Briza, P., Kalchhauser, H., Pittenauer, E., Allmaier, G., Breitenbach, M. (1996). "N,N'-Bisformyl dityrosine is an in vivo precursor of the yeast ascospore wall." Eur J Biochem 239:124-131.8706696
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID15637
HMDB IDHMDB00972
Pubchem Compound ID122347
Kegg IDC00234
ChemSpider ID23499025
FOODB IDNot Available
Wikipedia10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate
BioCyc ID10-FORMYL-THF

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydroxymethyl-, formyl- and related transferase activity
Specific function:
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + N(1)-(5-phospho-D- ribosyl)glycinamide = tetrahydrofolate + N(2)-formyl-N(1)-(5- phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide
Gene Name:
ADE8
Uniprot ID:
P04161
Molecular weight:
23540.0
Reactions
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide → tetrahydrofolate + N(2)-formyl-N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide.
General function:
Involved in formate-tetrahydrofolate ligase activity
Specific function:
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + NADP(+) = 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate + NADPH
Gene Name:
MIS1
Uniprot ID:
P09440
Molecular weight:
106216.0
Reactions
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + NADP(+) → 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate + NADPH.
5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate + H(2)O → 10-formyltetrahydrofolate.
ATP + formate + tetrahydrofolate → ADP + phosphate + 10-formyltetrahydrofolate.
General function:
Involved in IMP cyclohydrolase activity
Specific function:
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + 5-amino-1-(5- phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide = tetrahydrofolate + 5- formamido-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide
Gene Name:
ADE17
Uniprot ID:
P38009
Molecular weight:
65262.60156
Reactions
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide → tetrahydrofolate + 5-formamido-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide.
IMP + H(2)O → 5-formamido-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide.
General function:
Involved in IMP cyclohydrolase activity
Specific function:
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + 5-amino-1-(5- phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide = tetrahydrofolate + 5- formamido-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide
Gene Name:
ADE16
Uniprot ID:
P54113
Molecular weight:
65281.80078
Reactions
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide → tetrahydrofolate + 5-formamido-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide.
IMP + H(2)O → 5-formamido-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide.
General function:
Involved in methionyl-tRNA formyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Formylates methionyl-tRNA in mitochondria
Gene Name:
FMT1
Uniprot ID:
P32785
Molecular weight:
44616.19922
Reactions
10-formyltetrahydrofolate + L-methionyl-tRNA(fMet) + H(2)O → tetrahydrofolate + N-formylmethionyl-tRNA(fMet).
General function:
Involved in formate-tetrahydrofolate ligase activity
Specific function:
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + NADP(+) = 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate + NADPH
Gene Name:
ADE3
Uniprot ID:
P07245
Molecular weight:
102204.0
Reactions
5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate + NADP(+) → 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate + NADPH.
5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate + H(2)O → 10-formyltetrahydrofolate.
ATP + formate + tetrahydrofolate → ADP + phosphate + 10-formyltetrahydrofolate.
General function:
Secondary metabolites biosynthesis, transport and catabolism
Specific function:
Involved in spore wall maturation. Catalyzes a two step reaction that leads to the LL-dityrosine containing precursor of the spore wall
Gene Name:
DIT1
Uniprot ID:
P21623
Molecular weight:
61390.10156
Reactions