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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00478
Name3-oxotetradecanoyl-CoA
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
Description3-Oxotetradecanoyl-CoA, also known as 3-oxomyristoyl-CoA or S-(3-oxotetradecanoate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon). Thus, 3-oxotetradecanoyl-CoA is considered to be a fatty ester lipid molecule. 3-Oxotetradecanoyl-CoA is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral. 3-Oxotetradecanoyl-CoA exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 3-oxomyristoyl-CoA
  • 3-oxomyristoyl-Coenzyme A
  • 3-Oxotetradecanoyl-CoA
  • S-(3-oxotetradecanoate
  • S-(3-oxotetradecanoate) CoA
  • S-(3-oxotetradecanoate) Coenzyme A
  • S-(3-oxotetradecanoic acid
  • 5'-{3-[(3R)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-4-oxo-4-{[3-oxo-3-({2-[(3-oxotetradecanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}amino)propyl]amino}butyl] dihydrogen diphosphate}3'-phosphoadenosine
CAS number122364-86-7
WeightAverage: 991.873
Monoisotopic: 991.292838377
InChI KeyIQNFBGHLIVBNOU-QSGBVPJFSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C35H60N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-23(43)18-26(45)64-17-16-37-25(44)14-15-38-33(48)30(47)35(2,3)20-57-63(54,55)60-62(52,53)56-19-24-29(59-61(49,50)51)28(46)34(58-24)42-22-41-27-31(36)39-21-40-32(27)42/h21-22,24,28-30,34,46-47H,4-20H2,1-3H3,(H,37,44)(H,38,48)(H,52,53)(H,54,55)(H2,36,39,40)(H2,49,50,51)/t24-,28-,29-,30+,34-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(3-oxotetradecanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name3-oxotetradecanoyl-coa
Chemical FormulaC35H60N7O18P3S
SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentAlpha amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.38 g/LALOGPS
logP1.48ALOGPS
logP-0.96ChemAxon
logS-2.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.01ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area380.7 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count32ChemAxon
Refractivity228.14 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability95.71 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • peroxisome
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Fatty acid elongation in mitochondriaPW002467 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Fatty acid metabolismPW002460 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Fatty acid elongation in mitochondriaec00062 Map00062
Fatty acid metabolismec00071 Map00071
SMPDB Reactions
(S)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl-CoA + NAD3-oxotetradecanoyl-CoA + NADH + hydron
lauroyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA3-oxotetradecanoyl-CoA + Coenzyme A
KEGG Reactions
NADH + 3-oxotetradecanoyl-CoA + hydronNAD + (S)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl-CoA
3-oxotetradecanoyl-CoA + Coenzyme AAcetyl-CoA + lauroyl-CoA
3-oxotetradecanoyl-CoA + NADPH + hydronNADP + (S)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl-CoA
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1902100203-37e47fa131f279d1ccdbJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0922300000-89842e38a36b7c108b45JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900101000-4f1b2969f929942e67b3JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00al-3951231305-e64e775b7655f9988bfeJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-3921200001-fab03116b2cfb433bbaeJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-457e07aa65d0f83247fbJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Han, G., Gable, K., Kohlwein, S. D., Beaudoin, F., Napier, J. A., Dunn, T. M. (2002). "The Saccharomyces cerevisiae YBR159w gene encodes the 3-ketoreductase of the microsomal fatty acid elongase." J Biol Chem 277:35440-35449.12087109
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID28726
HMDB IDHMDB03935
Pubchem Compound ID11966197
Kegg IDC05261
ChemSpider ID10140190
FOODB IDFDB023254
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDCPD-10284

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
POT1
Uniprot ID:
P27796
Molecular weight:
44729.89844
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA → CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Second trifunctional enzyme acting on the beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids, possessing hydratase-dehydrogenase- epimerase activities. Converts trans-2-enoyl-CoA via D-3- hydroxyacyl-CoA to 3-ketoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
FOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q02207
Molecular weight:
98702.39844
Reactions
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA → (2E)-2-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O.
(R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NAD(+) → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADH.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Component of the microsomal membrane bound fatty acid elongation system, which produces the 26-carbon very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) from palmitate. Catalyzes the reduction of the 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediate that is formed in each cycle of fatty acid elongation. VLCFAs serve as precursors for ceramide and sphingolipids
Gene Name:
IFA38
Uniprot ID:
P38286
Molecular weight:
38707.80078
Reactions
3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NADP(+) → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADPH.