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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00471
Name3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
Description3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA, also known as 3-hydroxystearoyl-CoA, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acyl coas. These are acyl CoAs where the group acylated to the coenzyme A moiety is a long aliphatic chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms. Thus, 3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA is considered to be a fatty ester lipid molecule. 3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 3-Hydroxyoctadecanoyl-coenzyme A
  • 3-Hydroxystearoyl-CoA
  • 3-Hydroxystearoyl-Coenzyme A
  • Beta-hydroxystearoyl-coa
  • Beta-hydroxystearyl-coa
  • b-Hydroxystearoyl-CoA
  • Β-hydroxystearoyl-CoA
  • b-Hydroxystearyl-CoA
  • Β-hydroxystearyl-CoA
CAS number42578-91-6
WeightAverage: 1049.995
Monoisotopic: 1049.371088697
InChI KeyWZMAIEGYXCOYSH-FWBOWLIOSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C39H70N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-27(47)22-30(49)68-21-20-41-29(48)18-19-42-37(52)34(51)39(2,3)24-61-67(58,59)64-66(56,57)60-23-28-33(63-65(53,54)55)32(50)38(62-28)46-26-45-31-35(40)43-25-44-36(31)46/h25-28,32-34,38,47,50-51H,4-24H2,1-3H3,(H,41,48)(H,42,52)(H,56,57)(H,58,59)(H2,40,43,44)(H2,53,54,55)/t27?,28-,32-,33-,34+,38-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-3-{[2-({2-[(3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-2,2-dimethylpropoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Nameβ-hydroxystearoyl-coa
Chemical FormulaC39H70N7O18P3S
SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acyl coas. These are acyl CoAs where the group acylated to the coenzyme A moiety is a long aliphatic chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.66 g/LALOGPS
logP2.19ALOGPS
logP-0.84ChemAxon
logS-2.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area383.86 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count36ChemAxon
Refractivity247.37 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability106.55 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • peroxisome
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB PathwaysNot Available
KEGG PathwaysNot Available
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG Reactions
3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoAtrans-octadec-2-enoyl-CoA + water
NADH + 3-oxooctadecanoyl-CoA + hydronNAD + 3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA
3-oxooctadecanoyl-CoA + NADPH + hydronNADP + 3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-5906510200-f0ab4fd84986f1e71d85JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-052r-1916220000-24de6bb833ff5fff7ff7JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-052r-1903100000-1cf081c0e7ddf22c3ee3JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-9650221500-c484dc1e90c3d636c621JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-4920310100-fbcdb6cd255435fc0958JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-056r-8900100000-bf2c91f2f7f575fcdde2JSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Han, G., Gable, K., Kohlwein, S. D., Beaudoin, F., Napier, J. A., Dunn, T. M. (2002). "The Saccharomyces cerevisiae YBR159w gene encodes the 3-ketoreductase of the microsomal fatty acid elongase." J Biol Chem 277:35440-35449.12087109
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID50583
HMDB IDHMDB12715
Pubchem Compound ID24906329
Kegg IDC16217
ChemSpider ID21865763
FOODB IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Second trifunctional enzyme acting on the beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids, possessing hydratase-dehydrogenase- epimerase activities. Converts trans-2-enoyl-CoA via D-3- hydroxyacyl-CoA to 3-ketoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
FOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q02207
Molecular weight:
98702.39844
Reactions
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA → (2E)-2-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O.
(R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NAD(+) → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADH.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Component of the microsomal membrane bound fatty acid elongation system, which produces the 26-carbon very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) from palmitate. Catalyzes the reduction of the 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediate that is formed in each cycle of fatty acid elongation. VLCFAs serve as precursors for ceramide and sphingolipids
Gene Name:
IFA38
Uniprot ID:
P38286
Molecular weight:
38707.80078
Reactions
3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NADP(+) → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADPH.