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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00471
Name3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
Description3-Hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA is a coenzyme A derivative of 3-hydroxyoctadecanoate. Fatty acids must be activated with CoA before any chemical modification can be applied. Also fatty acid metabolic intermediates will also exists as CoA derivatives until the CoA is enzymatically cleaved. The fatty acid group is linked to the terminal thoil moiety of CoA.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 3-Hydroxyoctadecanoyl-coenzyme A
  • 3-Hydroxystearoyl-CoA
  • 3-Hydroxystearoyl-Coenzyme A
  • Beta-hydroxystearoyl-coa
  • Beta-hydroxystearyl-coa
CAS number42578-91-6
WeightAverage: 1049.995
Monoisotopic: 1049.371088697
InChI KeyWZMAIEGYXCOYSH-FWBOWLIOSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C39H70N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-27(47)22-30(49)68-21-20-41-29(48)18-19-42-37(52)34(51)39(2,3)24-61-67(58,59)64-66(56,57)60-23-28-33(63-65(53,54)55)32(50)38(62-28)46-26-45-31-35(40)43-25-44-36(31)46/h25-28,32-34,38,47,50-51H,4-24H2,1-3H3,(H,41,48)(H,42,52)(H,56,57)(H,58,59)(H2,40,43,44)(H2,53,54,55)/t27?,28-,32-,33-,34+,38-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-3-{[2-({2-[(3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-2,2-dimethylpropoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Nameβ-hydroxystearoyl-coa
Chemical FormulaC39H70N7O18P3S
SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
Chemical Taxonomy
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.66 g/LALOGPS
logP2.19ALOGPS
logP-0.84ChemAxon
logS-2.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area383.86 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count36ChemAxon
Refractivity247.37 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability106.55 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • peroxisome
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB PathwaysNot Available
KEGG PathwaysNot Available
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG Reactions
3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoAtrans-octadec-2-enoyl-CoA + water
NADH + 3-oxooctadecanoyl-CoA + hydronNAD + 3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA
3-oxooctadecanoyl-CoA + NADPH + hydronNADP + 3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Han, G., Gable, K., Kohlwein, S. D., Beaudoin, F., Napier, J. A., Dunn, T. M. (2002). "The Saccharomyces cerevisiae YBR159w gene encodes the 3-ketoreductase of the microsomal fatty acid elongase." J Biol Chem 277:35440-35449.12087109
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID50583
HMDB IDHMDB12715
Pubchem Compound ID24906329
Kegg IDC16217
ChemSpider ID21865763

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Second trifunctional enzyme acting on the beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids, possessing hydratase-dehydrogenase- epimerase activities. Converts trans-2-enoyl-CoA via D-3- hydroxyacyl-CoA to 3-ketoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
FOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q02207
Molecular weight:
98702.39844
Reactions
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA → (2E)-2-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O.
(R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NAD(+) → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADH.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Component of the microsomal membrane bound fatty acid elongation system, which produces the 26-carbon very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) from palmitate. Catalyzes the reduction of the 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediate that is formed in each cycle of fatty acid elongation. VLCFAs serve as precursors for ceramide and sphingolipids
Gene Name:
IFA38
Uniprot ID:
P38286
Molecular weight:
38707.80078
Reactions
3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NADP(+) → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADPH.