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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00470
Nametrans-octadec-2-enoyl-CoA
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionTrans-2-octadecenoyl-CoA, also known as (e)-2-octadecenoyl-CoA, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain 2-enoyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to a long-chain 2-enoyl chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms. Thus, trans-2-octadecenoyl-CoA is considered to be a fatty ester lipid molecule. Trans-2-octadecenoyl-CoA is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (2E)-Octadecenoyl-CoA
  • (2E)-Octadecenoyl-Coenzyme A
  • (E)-2-octadecenoyl-CoA
  • (E)-2-octadecenoyl-coenzyme A
  • (E)-octadec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • (E)-octadec-2-enoyl-coenzyme A
  • elaidic acid coenzyme a
  • trans-octadec-2-enoyl-CoA
  • trans-octadec-2-enoyl-coenzyme A
CAS numberNot Available
WeightAverage: 1031.98
Monoisotopic: 1031.360524011
InChI KeyNBCCUIHOHUKBMK-ZDDAFBBHSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C39H68N7O17P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-30(48)67-23-22-41-29(47)20-21-42-37(51)34(50)39(2,3)25-60-66(57,58)63-65(55,56)59-24-28-33(62-64(52,53)54)32(49)38(61-28)46-27-45-31-35(40)43-26-44-36(31)46/h18-19,26-28,32-34,38,49-50H,4-17,20-25H2,1-3H3,(H,41,47)(H,42,51)(H,55,56)(H,57,58)(H2,40,43,44)(H2,52,53,54)/b19-18+/t28-,32-,33-,34+,38-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(2E)-octadec-2-enoylsulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Nametrans-octadec-2-enoyl-coa
Chemical FormulaC39H68N7O17P3S
SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC\C=C\C(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(=O)(O)OP(=O)(O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain 2-enoyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to a long-chain 2-enoyl chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentLong-chain 2-enoyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.82 g/LALOGPS
logP2.87ALOGPS
logP0.63ChemAxon
logS-3.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count35ChemAxon
Refractivity246.94 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability104.1 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • peroxisome
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acidsPW002403 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids (docosanoyl)PW002408 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids (icosanoyl)PW002434 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids (stearoyl)PW002435 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids (tetracosanoyl-CoA)PW002404 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acidsec01040 Map01040
SMPDB Reactions
(3R)-3-hydroxy-stearoyl-CoAtrans-octadec-2-enoyl-CoA + water
trans-octadec-2-enoyl-CoA + hydron + NADPHstearoyl-CoA + NADP
KEGG Reactions
3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoAtrans-octadec-2-enoyl-CoA + water
stearoyl-CoA + oxygentrans-octadec-2-enoyl-CoA + Hydrogen peroxide
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID50570
HMDB IDHMDB06529
Pubchem Compound ID23724662
Kegg IDC16218
ChemSpider ID21865759
FOODB IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDCPD-10262

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA + O(2) = trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + H(2)O(2)
Gene Name:
POX1
Uniprot ID:
P13711
Molecular weight:
84041.39844
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + O(2) → trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + H(2)O(2).
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Second trifunctional enzyme acting on the beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids, possessing hydratase-dehydrogenase- epimerase activities. Converts trans-2-enoyl-CoA via D-3- hydroxyacyl-CoA to 3-ketoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
FOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q02207
Molecular weight:
98702.39844
Reactions
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA → (2E)-2-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O.
(R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NAD(+) → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADH.
General function:
Involved in zinc ion binding
Specific function:
Required for respiration and the maintenance of the mitochondrial compartment. May have a role in the mitochondrial synthesis of fatty acids
Gene Name:
ETR1
Uniprot ID:
P38071
Molecular weight:
42066.5
Reactions
Acyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADP(+) → trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + NADPH.
Acyl-CoA + NADP(+) → trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + NADPH.