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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00468
Name(S)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-CoA
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
Description(S)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-CoA, also known as (S)-3-hydroxyhexadecanoyl-CoA, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acyl coas. These are acyl CoAs where the group acylated to the coenzyme A moiety is a long aliphatic chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms. Thus, (S)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-CoA is considered to be a fatty ester lipid molecule (S)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-CoA is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (S)-3-Hydroxyhexadecanoyl-CoA
  • (S)-3-hydroxyhexadecanoyl-coenzyme A
  • (S)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-coenzyme A
  • b-Hydroxypalmitoyl-CoA
  • b-Hydroxypalmitoyl-Coenzyme A
  • beta-Hydroxypalmitoyl-CoA
  • beta-Hydroxypalmitoyl-Coenzyme A
  • DL-3-Hydroxyhexadecanoyl-S-coenzyme A
  • DL-3-Hydroxyhexadecanoyl-SCoA
  • DL-3-Hydroxyhexadecanoyl-SCoenzyme A
  • S-(3-hydroxyhexadecanoate
  • S-(3-hydroxyhexadecanoate)coenzyme A
  • S-(3-hydroxyhexadecanoic acid
  • S-DL-3-hydroxyhexadecanoate
  • S-DL-3-hydroxyhexadecanoic acid
CAS number35106-50-4
WeightAverage: 1021.942
Monoisotopic: 1021.339788569
InChI KeyDEHLMTDDPWDRDR-BCIKBWLNSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C37H66N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-25(45)20-28(47)66-19-18-39-27(46)16-17-40-35(50)32(49)37(2,3)22-59-65(56,57)62-64(54,55)58-21-26-31(61-63(51,52)53)30(48)36(60-26)44-24-43-29-33(38)41-23-42-34(29)44/h23-26,30-32,36,45,48-49H,4-22H2,1-3H3,(H,39,46)(H,40,50)(H,54,55)(H,56,57)(H2,38,41,42)(H2,51,52,53)/t25-,26+,30+,31+,32-,36+/m0/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-3-({2-[(2-{[(3S)-3-hydroxyhexadecanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-2,2-dimethylpropoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Nameβ-hydroxypalmitoyl-coa
Chemical FormulaC37H66N7O18P3S
SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCCC[C@H](O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acyl coas. These are acyl CoAs where the group acylated to the coenzyme A moiety is a long aliphatic chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogP1.481PhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.14 g/LALOGPS
logP1.68ALOGPS
logP-0.63ChemAxon
logS-2.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.01ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area383.86 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count34ChemAxon
Refractivity238.16 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability101.97 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • peroxisome
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Fatty acid elongation in mitochondriaPW002467 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Fatty acid metabolismPW002460 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Fatty acid elongation in mitochondriaec00062 Map00062
Fatty acid metabolismec00071 Map00071
SMPDB Reactions
(S)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-CoAhexadec-2-enoyl-CoA + water
(S)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-CoA + NAD3-Oxohexadecanoyl-CoA + NADH + hydron
KEGG Reactions
(S)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-CoAwater + hexadec-2-enoyl-CoA
NADH + hydron + 3-oxopalmitoyl-CoANAD + (S)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-CoA
NADPH + hydron + 3-oxopalmitoyl-CoANADP + (S)-3-hydroxypalmitoyl-CoA
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0f80-4907310200-86c6b5f89811ee9c3811JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0019-1916310000-0d256705c0814e067de7JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0019-1903100000-87dcba0f6aaf3de62a85JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0fai-9660222400-23c4c62f477575210f02JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-4920311000-647eccb2cf9b9bf41a08JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-056r-8900100000-8e47c83815f1b1592503JSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Han, G., Gable, K., Kohlwein, S. D., Beaudoin, F., Napier, J. A., Dunn, T. M. (2002). "The Saccharomyces cerevisiae YBR159w gene encodes the 3-ketoreductase of the microsomal fatty acid elongase." J Biol Chem 277:35440-35449.12087109
Synthesis Reference:Al-Arif, Adhid; Blecher, Melvin. Chemical synthesis of carnitine and coenzyme A esters of the b-substituted intermediates of hexadecanoic acid metabolism. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, Lipids and Lipid Metabolism (1971), 248(3), 416-29.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID27402
HMDB IDHMDB03932
Pubchem Compound ID440600
Kegg IDC05258
ChemSpider IDNot Available
FOODB IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA (HIBYL-CoA), a saline catabolite. Has high activity toward isobutyryl-CoA. Could be an isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase that functions in valine catabolism. Also hydrolyzes 3-hydroxypropanoyl-CoA. Has an indirect role in endocytic membrane trafficking. May have a function in protein biosynthesis in mitochondrial small ribosomal subunit
Gene Name:
EHD3
Uniprot ID:
P28817
Molecular weight:
56287.89844
Reactions
3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoyl-CoA + H(2)O → CoA + 3-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoate.
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
POT1
Uniprot ID:
P27796
Molecular weight:
44729.89844
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA → CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Second trifunctional enzyme acting on the beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids, possessing hydratase-dehydrogenase- epimerase activities. Converts trans-2-enoyl-CoA via D-3- hydroxyacyl-CoA to 3-ketoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
FOX2
Uniprot ID:
Q02207
Molecular weight:
98702.39844
Reactions
(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA → (2E)-2-enoyl-CoA + H(2)O.
(R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NAD(+) → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADH.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Component of the microsomal membrane bound fatty acid elongation system, which produces the 26-carbon very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) from palmitate. Catalyzes the reduction of the 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediate that is formed in each cycle of fatty acid elongation. VLCFAs serve as precursors for ceramide and sphingolipids
Gene Name:
IFA38
Uniprot ID:
P38286
Molecular weight:
38707.80078
Reactions
3-hydroxyacyl-CoA + NADP(+) → 3-oxoacyl-CoA + NADPH.