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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00446
Namepropionyl-CoA
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionPropanoyl-CoA, also known as S-propanoyl-CoA, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to an acyl chain. Thus, propanoyl-CoA is considered to be a fatty ester lipid molecule. Propanoyl-CoA is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 2-methylacetyl-CoA
  • 2-methylacetyl-Coenzyme A
  • alpha-methylacetyl-CoA
  • alpha-methylacetyl-Coenzyme A
  • n-propionyl-CoA
  • n-propionyl-coenzyme A
  • propanoyl-CoA
  • propanoyl-Coenzyme A
  • propionyl coenzyme a
  • Propionyl-CoA
  • propionyl-coenzyme A
  • S-Propionyl-coenzym-A
  • S-Propionylcoenzyme A
  • S-Propanoyl-CoA
  • S-Propanoyl-coenzyme A
  • Propionyl CoA
  • n-Propionyl CoA
CAS number317-66-8
WeightAverage: 823.597
Monoisotopic: 823.141423115
InChI KeyQAQREVBBADEHPA-IEXPHMLFSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C24H40N7O17P3S/c1-4-15(33)52-8-7-26-14(32)5-6-27-22(36)19(35)24(2,3)10-45-51(42,43)48-50(40,41)44-9-13-18(47-49(37,38)39)17(34)23(46-13)31-12-30-16-20(25)28-11-29-21(16)31/h11-13,17-19,23,34-35H,4-10H2,1-3H3,(H,26,32)(H,27,36)(H,40,41)(H,42,43)(H2,25,28,29)(H2,37,38,39)/t13-,17-,18-,19+,23-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-[(2-{[2-(propanoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]propoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Namepropionyl-coa
Chemical FormulaC24H40N7O17P3S
SMILESCCC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to an acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentAcyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Imidolactam
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Carboximidic acid
  • Carboximidic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility4.27 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.31ALOGPS
logP-5.2ChemAxon
logS-2.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.01ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count21ChemAxon
Refractivity176.83 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability74.37 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • mitochondrion
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
beta-Alanine metabolismPW002381 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Glycerolipid metabolismec00561 Map00561
Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolismec00630 Map00630
Propanoate metabolismec00640 Map00640
Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradationec00280 Map00280
beta-Alanine metabolismec00410 Map00410
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG Reactions
propionyl-CoA + water + Oxalacetic acid(2S,3S)-2-Methylcitric acid + hydron + Coenzyme A
NAD + Coenzyme A + 2-Ketobutyric acidNADH + propionyl-CoA + Carbon dioxide
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_4) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_5) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_6) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_7) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_8) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1901000220-8d8b91979e9c40176540JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0912000000-7c91e2c2f2f0d7b4a3adJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2901000000-4311d5cc2b23055e1e3eJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a7i-9830230550-4bec7e3f4052a0f39eefJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0560-4910100000-d7281a44fcd4120a6bcdJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-19dd2ec65951d55b39f7JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00di-0000000190-23b4b60665f8f21035f9JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-053r-9000000000-6406a938fedabc06792aJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00kr-7003503900-84f2f16540c6fdc2e156JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-0000000090-c1703348da5a9b18dd37JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-1911003540-d00d30c93f6f200af707JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-014i-0129000000-299d7589b9a24abdcb95JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Pronk, J. T., van der Linden-Beuman, A., Verduyn, C., Scheffers, W. A., van Dijken, J. P. (1994). "Propionate metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: implications for the metabolon hypothesis." Microbiology 140 ( Pt 4):717-722.7912143
  • Singh, J., Kumar, D., Ramakrishnan, N., Singhal, V., Jervis, J., Garst, J. F., Slaughter, S. M., DeSantis, A. M., Potts, M., Helm, R. F. (2005). "Transcriptional response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to desiccation and rehydration." Appl Environ Microbiol 71:8752-8763.16332871
Synthesis Reference:Sokatch, John R.; Sanders, Lois E.; Marshall, Vincent P. Oxidation of methylmalonate semialdehyde to propionyl coenzyme A in Pseudomonas aeruginosa grown on valine. Journal of Biological Chemistry (1968), 243(10), 2500-6.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID15539
HMDB IDHMDB01275
Pubchem Compound ID439164
Kegg IDC00100
ChemSpider ID24784993
FOODB IDFDB022529
WikipediaPropionyl-CoA
BioCyc IDPROPIONYL-COA

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in acetate-CoA ligase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the production of acetyl-CoA. Provides the acetyl-CoA source for histone acetylation in the nucleus. "Aerobic" isozyme of acetyl-coenzyme A synthetase, which supports growth on nonfermentable carbon sources such as glycerol and ethanol. May be required for assimilation of ethanol and acetate
Gene Name:
ACS1
Uniprot ID:
Q01574
Molecular weight:
79140.10156
Reactions
ATP + acetate + CoA → AMP + diphosphate + acetyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in acetate-CoA ligase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the production of acetyl-CoA. Provides the acetyl-CoA source for histone acetylation in the nucleus. "Anaerobic" isozyme of acetyl-coenzyme A synthetase, which is required for growth on fermentable carbon sources such as glucose. May be involved in the PDH (pyruvate dehydrogenase complex) bypass
Gene Name:
ACS2
Uniprot ID:
P52910
Molecular weight:
75491.10156
Reactions
ATP + acetate + CoA → AMP + diphosphate + acetyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups, acyl groups converted into alkyl on transfer
Specific function:
Acetyl-CoA + H(2)O + oxaloacetate = citrate + CoA
Gene Name:
CIT3
Uniprot ID:
P43635
Molecular weight:
53810.69922
Reactions
Acetyl-CoA + H(2)O + oxaloacetate → citrate + CoA.
propanoyl-CoA + H2O + oxaloacetate → (2R,3S)-2-hydroxybutane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate + CoA
General function:
Involved in N-acetyltransferase activity
Specific function:
N-acetyltransferase whose physiological acetyl acceptor substrate is still unknown. In vitro, histone acetylation is very weak
Gene Name:
HPA3
Uniprot ID:
P39979
Molecular weight:
20698.5
Reactions
acetyl-CoA + a D-amino acid → CoA + an N-acetyl-D-amino acid