You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Yeast Metabolome Database.
Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00394
Name2-Acetolactate
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
Description2-Acetolactate belongs to the class of organic compounds known as short-chain keto acids and derivatives. These are keto acids with an alkyl chain the contains less than 6 carbon atoms. 2-Acetolactate is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral. 2-Acetolactate exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 2-Acetolactate
  • 2-Acetolactic acid
CAS numberNot Available
WeightAverage: 132.1146
Monoisotopic: 132.042258744
InChI KeyNMDWGEGFJUBKLB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C5H8O4/c1-3(6)5(2,9)4(7)8/h9H,1-2H3,(H,7,8)
IUPAC Name2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-oxobutanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name2-acetyllactic acid
Chemical FormulaC5H8O4
SMILES[H]OC(=O)C(O[H])(C(=O)C([H])([H])[H])C([H])([H])[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as short-chain keto acids and derivatives. These are keto acids with an alkyl chain the contains less than 6 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassKeto acids and derivatives
Sub ClassShort-chain keto acids and derivatives
Direct ParentShort-chain keto acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Beta-keto acid
  • Branched fatty acid
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Short-chain keto acid
  • Methyl-branched fatty acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Acyloin
  • Beta-hydroxy ketone
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Ketone
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility286 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.65ALOGPS
logP-0.28ChemAxon
logS0.33ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.45ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.6 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity28.59 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.82 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • mitochondrion
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesisPW002463 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Butanoate metabolismec00650 Map00650
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesisec00770 Map00770
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG Reactions
NADPH + hydron + 2-Acetolactate NADP + (R)-2,3-Dihydroxy-isovalerate
Pyruvic acid + hydronCarbon dioxide + 2-Acetolactate
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Cullin, C., Baudin-Baillieu, A., Guillemet, E., Ozier-Kalogeropoulos, O. (1996). "Functional analysis of YCL09C: evidence for a role as the regulatory subunit of acetolactate synthase." Yeast 12:1511-1518.8972574
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID16444
HMDB IDHMDB06833
Pubchem Compound ID22
Kegg IDC00900
ChemSpider ID21
FOODB IDFDB024109
Wikipedia IDAcetolactic acid
BioCyc IDNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
(R)-2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylbutanoate + NADP(+) = (S)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-oxobutanoate + NADPH
Gene Name:
ILV5
Uniprot ID:
P06168
Molecular weight:
44368.10156
Reactions
(R)-2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylbutanoate + NADP(+) → (S)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-oxobutanoate + NADPH.
(2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxy-3-methylpentanoate + NADP(+) → (S)-2-hydroxy-2-ethyl-3-oxobutanoate + NADPH.
General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
2 pyruvate = 2-acetolactate + CO(2)
Gene Name:
ILV2
Uniprot ID:
P07342
Molecular weight:
74936.29688
Reactions
2 pyruvate → 2-acetolactate + CO(2).