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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00393
NamePhosphohydroxypyruvic acid
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionPhosphohydroxypyruvic acid, also known as 3-phosphooxypyruvate or hydroxypyruvic acid phosphate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycerone phosphates. These are organic compounds containing a glycerone moiety that carries a phosphate group at the O-1 or O-2 position. Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid is a moderately acidic compound (based on its pKa). Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Within yeast, phosphohydroxypyruvic acid participates in a number of enzymatic reactions. In particular, phosphohydroxypyruvic acid can be biosynthesized from 3-phosphoglyceric acid through its interaction with the enzyme 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase. In addition, phosphohydroxypyruvic acid and L-glutamic acid can be converted into oxoglutaric acid and DL-O-phosphoserine; which is mediated by the enzyme phosphoserine transaminase. In yeast, phosphohydroxypyruvic acid is involved in the metabolic pathway called the serine metabolism pathway.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 2-oxo-3-(phosphonooxy)-Propanoate
  • 2-oxo-3-(phosphonooxy)-Propanoic acid
  • 3-Phosphohydroxypyruvate
  • 3-Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid
  • 3-Phosphonooxypyruvate
  • 3-Phosphonooxypyruvic acid
  • Phosphohydroxypyruvate
  • phosphohydroxypyruvic acid
  • Hydroxypyruvic acid phosphate
  • 3-Phosphooxypyruvate
  • Hydroxypyruvate phosphate
  • Hydroxypyruvic acid phosphoric acid
  • 3-Phosphooxypyruvic acid
  • 3-Phosphonatooxypyruvate
  • 2-Oxo-3-(phosphonooxy)propanoic acid
  • 2-Oxo-3-(phosphonooxy)propionic acid
CAS number3913-50-6
WeightAverage: 184.0414
Monoisotopic: 183.977289026
InChI KeyLFLUCDOSQPJJBE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C3H5O7P/c4-2(3(5)6)1-10-11(7,8)9/h1H2,(H,5,6)(H2,7,8,9)
IUPAC Name2-oxo-3-(phosphonooxy)propanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC Namephosphohydroxypyruvate
Chemical FormulaC3H5O7P
SMILES[H]OC(=O)C(=O)C([H])([H])OP(=O)(O[H])O[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycerone phosphates. These are organic compounds containing a glycerone moiety that carries a phosphate group at the O-1 or O-2 position.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbonyl compounds
Direct ParentGlycerone phosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glycerone phosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Keto acid
  • Alpha-keto acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility13.4 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.8ALOGPS
logP-0.87ChemAxon
logS-1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.02ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area121.13 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity30.56 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability12.69 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
glycine metabolismPW002398 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
serine metabolismPW002402 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Glycine, serine and threonine metabolismec00260 Map00260
Methane metabolismec00680 Map00680
SMPDB Reactions
3-Phosphoglyceric acid + NADNADH + hydron + Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid
Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid + L-Glutamic acidOxoglutaric acid + DL-O-Phosphoserine
KEGG Reactions
NAD + 3-phospho-D-glyceric acidNADH + Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid + hydron
Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid + L-Glutamic acidO-Phospho-L-serine + Oxoglutaric acid
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-9300000000-33ff06735f8214248ea3JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00xr-9510000000-f67b2feb11cbb37fdf47JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-001i-0900000000-4411ba8f6713e6b68f94JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00s9-0900000000-457227604cff5cdecb73JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-05g0-6900000000-5ced177e050ba3272f0fJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-003r-3900000000-22820af5ec79da81207bJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9300000000-0127ef53c9426c592779JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-4ba77bd112070310c576JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0019-1900000000-0d44a3e3fb04adf7390bJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000f-9400000000-29a2afefebab0a9dc88bJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0016-9000000000-2f054e3a4d1b04f903f2JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-9500000000-d989c4c4b7671c11809aJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-7e6d85bfb63dfb4e3ea0JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-a5e502a2627af2048a1fJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Takada, Y., Noguchi, T. (1985). "Characteristics of alanine: glyoxylate aminotransferase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a regulatory enzyme in the glyoxylate pathway of glycine and serine biosynthesis from tricarboxylic acid-cycle intermediates." Biochem J 231:157-163.3933486
  • Belhumeur, P., Fortin, N., Clark, M. W. (1994). "A gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae which codes for a protein with significant homology to the bacterial 3-phosphoserine aminotransferase." Yeast 10:385-389.8017107
  • Albers, E., Laize, V., Blomberg, A., Hohmann, S., Gustafsson, L. (2003). "Ser3p (Yer081wp) and Ser33p (Yil074cp) are phosphoglycerate dehydrogenases in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." J Biol Chem 278:10264-10272.12525494
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID30933
HMDB IDHMDB01024
Pubchem Compound ID105
Kegg IDC03232
ChemSpider ID103
FOODB IDFDB022377
WikipediaPhosphohydroxypyruvic_acid
BioCyc ID3-P-HYDROXYPYRUVATE

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) = 3- phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH
Gene Name:
SER33
Uniprot ID:
P40510
Molecular weight:
51187.80078
Reactions
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) → 3-phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH.
2-hydroxyglutarate + NAD(+) → 2-oxoglutarate + NADH.
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reversible conversion of 3- phosphohydroxypyruvate to phosphoserine and of 3-hydroxy-2-oxo-4- phosphonooxybutanoate to phosphohydroxythreonine
Gene Name:
SER1
Uniprot ID:
P33330
Molecular weight:
43415.19922
Reactions
O-phospho-L-serine + 2-oxoglutarate → 3-phosphonooxypyruvate + L-glutamate.
4-phosphonooxy-L-threonine + 2-oxoglutarate → (3R)-3-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-phosphonooxybutanoate + L-glutamate.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) = 3- phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH
Gene Name:
SER3
Uniprot ID:
P40054
Molecular weight:
51192.80078
Reactions
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) → 3-phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH.
2-hydroxyglutarate + NAD(+) → 2-oxoglutarate + NADH.