Survey with prize
You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Yeast Metabolome Database.
Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00350
NameSAICAR
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionSAICAR, also known as saicaribotide or succino-aicar, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1-ribosyl-imidazolecarboxamides. These are organic compounds containing the imidazole ring linked to a ribose ring through a 1-2 bond. SAICAR is a strong basic compound (based on its pKa). SAICAR exists in all eukaryotes, ranging from yeast to humans. SAICAR is a potentially toxic compound.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate
  • (S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinic acid
  • (S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-delta-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate
  • (S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-delta-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinic acid
  • (S)-2-[5-Amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido]succinate
  • (S)-2-[5-Amino-1-(5-phospho-delta-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido]succinate
  • 1-(5'-Phosphoribosyl)-4-(N-succinocarboxamide)-5-aminoimidazole
  • 1-(5'-Phosphoribosyl)-5-amino-4-(N-succinocarboxamide)-imidazole
  • 1-(5'-Phosphoribosyl)-5-amino-4-(N-succinocarboxamide)-imidazole' 1-(5'-Phosphoribosyl)-4-(N-succinocarboxamide)-5-aminoimidazole
  • 5-Amino-4-imidazole-N-succinocarboxamide ribonucleotide
  • 5'-Phosphoribosyl-4-(N-succinocarboxamide)-5-aminoimidazole
  • 5'-Phosphoribosyl-4-(N-succinocarbozamide)-5-aminoimidazole
  • L-N-[(5-amino-1-b-D-ribofuranosylimidazol-4-yl)carbonyl]-5'-(dihydrogen phosphate)
  • L-N-[(5-amino-1-beta-delta-ribofuranosylimidazol-4-yl)carbonyl]-5'-(dihydrogen phosphate)
  • N-(5-Amino-1-ribofuranosylimidazol-4-ylcarbonyl)aspartic acid 5'-phosphate
  • N-[5-Amino-1-(5'-phosphoribofuranosyl)-4-imidazolecarbonyl]aspartate
  • N-[5-Amino-1-(5'-phosphoribofuranosyl)-4-imidazolecarbonyl]aspartic acid
  • Phosphoribosylaminoimidazolesuccinocarboxamide
  • SAICAR
  • SAICAriboside
  • Succino-AICAR
  • Succinylaminoimidazole carboxamide riboside
  • (2S)-2-[5-Amino-1-(5-phospho-beta-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido]succinic acid
  • Succinyl-5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-ribose-5-phosphate
  • Succinylaminoimidazolecarboxamide ribose-5'-phosphate
  • (2S)-2-[5-Amino-1-(5-phospho-b-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido]succinate
  • (2S)-2-[5-Amino-1-(5-phospho-b-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido]succinic acid
  • (2S)-2-[5-Amino-1-(5-phospho-beta-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido]succinate
  • (2S)-2-[5-Amino-1-(5-phospho-β-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido]succinate
  • (2S)-2-[5-Amino-1-(5-phospho-β-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido]succinic acid
  • (S)-2-[5-Amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido]succinic acid
  • Succinyl-5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-ribose-5-phosphoric acid
  • Succinylaminoimidazolecarboxamide ribose-5'-phosphoric acid
  • N-(5-Amino-1-beta-D-ribofuranosylimidazole-4-carbonyl)-L-aspartic acid 5'-phosphate
  • 5'-Phosphoribosyl-4-(N-succinylcarboxamide)-5-aminoimidazole
  • SAICAR, (D)-isomer
  • SAICAribotide
  • Succinylaminoimidazole carboxamide ribotide
  • SAICA ribotide
  • Succinylaminoimidazolecarboxamide ribose-5’-phosphate
CAS number3031-95-6
WeightAverage: 454.2833
Monoisotopic: 454.073708604
InChI KeyNAQGHJTUZRHGAC-ZZZDFHIKSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C13H19N4O12P/c14-10-7(11(22)16-4(13(23)24)1-6(18)19)15-3-17(10)12-9(21)8(20)5(29-12)2-28-30(25,26)27/h3-5,8-9,12,20-21H,1-2,14H2,(H,16,22)(H,18,19)(H,23,24)(H2,25,26,27)/t4-,5+,8+,9+,12+/m0/s1
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-({5-amino-1-[(2R,3R,4S,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-[(phosphonooxy)methyl]oxolan-2-yl]-1H-imidazol-4-yl}formamido)butanedioic acid
Traditional IUPAC Namesaicar
Chemical FormulaC13H19N4O12P
SMILES[H]OC(=O)C([H])([H])[C@]([H])(N([H])C(=O)C1=C(N([H])[H])N(C([H])=N1)[C@]1([H])O[C@]([H])(C([H])([H])OP(=O)(O[H])O[H])[C@@]([H])(O[H])[C@@]1([H])O[H])C(=O)O[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1-ribosyl-imidazolecarboxamides. These are organic compounds containing the imidazole ring linked to a ribose ring through a 1-2 bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassImidazole ribonucleosides and ribonucleotides
Sub Class1-ribosyl-imidazolecarboxamides
Direct Parent1-ribosyl-imidazolecarboxamides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 1-ribosyl-imidazolecarboxamide
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Aspartic acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • 2-heteroaryl carboxamide
  • Imidazolyl carboxylic acid derivative
  • Imidazole-4-carbonyl group
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Aminoimidazole
  • Monosaccharide
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Azole
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carboxamide group
  • Amino acid
  • 1,2-diol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Amine
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.73 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.8ALOGPS
logP-4.8ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.22ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.54ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count13ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count8ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area263.99 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity90.65 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability38.5 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
purine nucleotides de novo biosynthesisPW002478 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Purine metabolismec00230 Map00230
SMPDB Reactions
5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate + L-Aspartic acid + Adenosine triphosphateSAICAR + phosphate + ADP + hydron
SAICAR5-Amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide + Fumaric acid
KEGG Reactions
SAICAR5-Amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide + Fumaric acid
5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate + L-Aspartic acid + Adenosine triphosphateSAICAR + phosphate + hydron + ADP
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05n1-9732500000-f3a7f13b1dee5f81c7a8JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05ot-9600116000-74a62efcb34072bbe352JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-055o-1592600000-05db249dfb0f14143f9fJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-001i-3950000000-6ebf6a64483dd1392782JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-001l-5940000000-e218e278f5195eb90341JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0ug3-6381900000-4fec69ff813fe652ea7dJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004j-9350000000-e4e387627fbca1ef1201JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-95f6153e96335a5d2b32JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0f79-2012900000-f38ec5261c12799bc354JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9022000000-a24939a2980b6834f5bcJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9110000000-7f66eadbb3c3527bbc8cJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0024900000-6f3c27fcd647c50d79d0JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0096-1293000000-d46017274b02e79e4277JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-3891000000-ed7da10b4a914197adb3JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
Synthesis Reference:Shaw, Gordon; Thomas, Peter S.; Patey, Carole A. H.; Thomas, Susan E. Purines, pyrimidines and imidazoles. Part 50. Inhibition of adenylosuccinate AMP-lyase no. 4.3.2.2. by derivatives of N-(5-amino-1-b-D-ribofuranosylimidazole-4-carbonyl)-L-aspartic a
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID18319
HMDB IDHMDB00797
Pubchem Compound ID160666
Kegg IDC04823
ChemSpider ID24785272
FOODB IDFDB022251
WikipediaSAICAR
BioCyc IDP-RIBOSYL-4-SUCCCARB-AMINOIMIDAZOLE

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
N(6)-(1,2-dicarboxyethyl)AMP = fumarate + AMP
Gene Name:
ADE13
Uniprot ID:
Q05911
Molecular weight:
54509.89844
Reactions
N(6)-(1,2-dicarboxyethyl)AMP → fumarate + AMP.
(S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate → fumarate + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide.
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D- ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate + L-aspartate = ADP + phosphate + (S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4- carboxamido)succinate
Gene Name:
ADE1
Uniprot ID:
P27616
Molecular weight:
34603.10156
Reactions
ATP + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate + L-aspartate → ADP + phosphate + (S)-2-(5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxamido)succinate.