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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00341
Name3-Phosphoglyceric acid
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
Description3-Phosphoglyceric acid, also known as glycerate 3-phosphate or 3-PG, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. Sugar acids and derivatives are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group. 3-Phosphoglyceric acid is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). 3-Phosphoglyceric acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 3-(dihydrogen phosphate)Glycerate
  • 3-(dihydrogen phosphate)Glyceric acid
  • 3-Glycerophosphorate
  • 3-Glycerophosphoric acid
  • 3-P-D-glycerate
  • 3-P-glycerate
  • 3-pg
  • 3-PGA
  • 3-phospho-(R)-glycerate
  • 3-phospho-D-glycerate
  • 3-phospho-glycerate
  • 3-phospho-glyceric acid
  • 3-Phosphoglycerate
  • 3-Phosphoglyceric acid
  • D-(-)-3-Phosphoglyceric acid
  • D-Glycerate 3-phosphate
  • G3P
  • Glycerate 3-phosphate
  • glycerate-3-P
  • Glyceric acid 3-phosphate
  • Phosphoglycerate
  • DL-Glycerate 3-phosphate
  • Glycerate 3-phosphates
  • 3-(Dihydrogen phosphoric acid)glyceric acid
  • DL-Glyceric acid 3-phosphoric acid
  • Glyceric acid 3-phosphoric acid
  • Glyceric acid 3-phosphates
  • 3-Phosphoglycerate, trisodium salt
  • 3-Phosphoglycerate, (R)-isomer
  • 3-Phosphoglycerate, monosodium salt
CAS number820-11-1
WeightAverage: 186.0572
Monoisotopic: 185.99293909
InChI KeyOSJPPGNTCRNQQC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C3H7O7P/c4-2(3(5)6)1-10-11(7,8)9/h2,4H,1H2,(H,5,6)(H2,7,8,9)
IUPAC Name2-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)propanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC Namephosphoglycerate
Chemical FormulaC3H7O7P
SMILES[H]OC(=O)C([H])(O[H])C([H])([H])OP(=O)(O[H])O[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. Sugar acids and derivatives are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentSugar acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glyceric_acid
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility21 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.3ALOGPS
logP-1.6ChemAxon
logS-0.95ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area124.29 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity31.26 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.29 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Ethanol fermentationPW002448 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Glycerol metabolismPW002407 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Glycolysis IPW002386 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Starch and sucrose metabolismPW002481 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
glycine metabolismPW002398 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Starch and sucrose metabolismec00500 Map00500
SMPDB Reactions
2,3-bisphospho-D-glyceric acid + water3-Phosphoglyceric acid + phosphate
Glyceric acid 1,3-biphosphate + ADP3-Phosphoglyceric acid + Adenosine triphosphate
2,3-bisphospho-D-glyceric acid + water3-Phosphoglyceric acid + phosphate
3-Phosphoglyceric acid2-phospho-D-glyceric acid
3-Phosphoglyceric acid + NADNADH + hydron + Phosphohydroxypyruvic acid
KEGG ReactionsNot Available
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-0974000000-41479250991be9cc1e07JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-0974000000-41479250991be9cc1e07JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-9200000000-2d6f0050126bbc72d771JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00fu-9081000000-487a9a33cdad68046ff3JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-002k-9300000000-4fafb3c93719c5a41327JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-004j-9000000000-c6bb9644e70a338c03beJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-004i-9000000000-9d164579c98406ad7c88JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-cea59554251398a27835JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-8a976aaa2f56f074d975JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-0a5c-9500000000-4bd264fcf029200c55c6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-001i-9100000000-1a020681f04042ff6966JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-cea59554251398a27835JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-8a976aaa2f56f074d975JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0a5c-9600000000-4bd264fcf029200c55c6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-001i-9100000000-1a020681f04042ff6966JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-0005-8900000000-bd4e0c8adef56968d87aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 30V, Negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-abd08e7a88ff6e65bc4bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-002b-9000000000-f8afa9e495e0f6c94717JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 30V, Negativesplash10-004i-9200000000-30ac9f237fd5b07a8ad8JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004j-9000000000-623d31045a6d2723a66bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Positivesplash10-0005-9800000000-592cc43b2d6718b5e805JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-75f21a1b3e228e0af7f2JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00kr-3900000000-9d9dc94243143123d53bJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00kv-8900000000-b21c05dfded763ce62a0JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-c460ca316484eef90129JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-003r-5900000000-653e5055531f19df4952JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-15195031d70847a75881JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-59550676899d259aeab5JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004j-9000000000-0b41dc890757740bbb51JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Schwartz, J. M., Kanehisa, M. (2006). "Quantitative elementary mode analysis of metabolic pathways: the example of yeast glycolysis." BMC Bioinformatics 7:186.16584566
  • Takada, Y., Noguchi, T. (1985). "Characteristics of alanine: glyoxylate aminotransferase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a regulatory enzyme in the glyoxylate pathway of glycine and serine biosynthesis from tricarboxylic acid-cycle intermediates." Biochem J 231:157-163.3933486
  • Boer, V. M., Crutchfield, C. A., Bradley, P. H., Botstein, D., Rabinowitz, J. D. (2010). "Growth-limiting intracellular metabolites in yeast growing under diverse nutrient limitations." Mol Biol Cell 21:198-211.19889834
  • Castrillo, J. I., Zeef, L. A., Hoyle, D. C., Zhang, N., Hayes, A., Gardner, D. C., Cornell, M. J., Petty, J., Hakes, L., Wardleworth, L., Rash, B., Brown, M., Dunn, W. B., Broadhurst, D., O'Donoghue, K., Hester, S. S., Dunkley, T. P., Hart, S. R., Swainston, N., Li, P., Gaskell, S. J., Paton, N. W., Lilley, K. S., Kell, D. B., Oliver, S. G. (2007). "Growth control of the eukaryote cell: a systems biology study in yeast." J Biol 6:4.17439666
Synthesis Reference:Jakoby, Wm. B.; Brummond, Dewey O.; Ochoa, Severo. Formation of 3-phosphoglyceric acid by carbon dioxide fixation with spinach-leaf enzymes. Journal of Biological Chemistry (1956), 218 811-22.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID17050
HMDB IDHMDB00807
Pubchem Compound ID724
Kegg IDC00597
ChemSpider ID704
FOODB IDFDB022255
Wikipedia3-Phosphoglyceric_acid
BioCyc IDG3P

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) = 3- phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH
Gene Name:
SER33
Uniprot ID:
P40510
Molecular weight:
51187.80078
Reactions
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) → 3-phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH.
2-hydroxyglutarate + NAD(+) → 2-oxoglutarate + NADH.
General function:
Involved in phosphoglycerate kinase activity
Specific function:
ATP + 3-phospho-D-glycerate = ADP + 3-phospho- D-glyceroyl phosphate
Gene Name:
PGK1
Uniprot ID:
P00560
Molecular weight:
44738.0
Reactions
ATP + 3-phospho-D-glycerate → ADP + 3-phospho-D-glyceroyl phosphate.
General function:
Involved in intramolecular transferase activity, phosphotransferases
Specific function:
This enzyme participates in both the breakdown and synthesis of glucose
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q03262
Molecular weight:
71068.60156
Reactions
Alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate → alpha-D-glucose 6-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Interconversion of 3- and 2-phosphoglycerate with 2,3- bisphosphoglycerate as the primer of the reaction. Can also Catalyze the reaction of EC 5.4.2.4 (synthase) and EC 3.1.3.13 (phosphatase), but with a reduced activity
Gene Name:
GPM1
Uniprot ID:
P00950
Molecular weight:
27608.30078
Reactions
2-phospho-D-glycerate → 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Involved, either directly or indirectly, in the bidirectional transport of sterols between the endoplasmic reticulum and the plasma membrane
Gene Name:
DET1
Uniprot ID:
Q99288
Molecular weight:
39171.80078
Reactions
2-phospho-D-glycerate → 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the interconversion of 2-phosphoglycerate and 3-phosphoglycerate
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q12040
Molecular weight:
26176.5
Reactions
2-phospho-D-glycerate → 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Could be non-functional
Gene Name:
GPM3
Uniprot ID:
Q12326
Molecular weight:
34863.19922
Reactions
2-phospho-D-glycerate → 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Could be non-functional
Gene Name:
GPM2
Uniprot ID:
Q12008
Molecular weight:
36072.80078
Reactions
2-phospho-D-glycerate → 3-phospho-D-glycerate.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-OH group of donors, NAD or NADP as acceptor
Specific function:
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) = 3- phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH
Gene Name:
SER3
Uniprot ID:
P40054
Molecular weight:
51192.80078
Reactions
3-phospho-D-glycerate + NAD(+) → 3-phosphonooxypyruvate + NADH.
2-hydroxyglutarate + NAD(+) → 2-oxoglutarate + NADH.