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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00330
NameL-Lysine
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionLysine (abbreviated as Lys or K) is an alpha-amino acid. The L-isomer is one of the 22 proteinogenic amino acids, i.e., the building blocks of proteins. It is classified as a polar, basic amino acid, because of the positively charged nature of the amino-alkyl side chain. In yeast, lysine is synthesized from aspartic acid (aspartate). Specifically, L-aspartate is first converted to L-aspartyl-4-phosphate by aspartokinase (or Aspartate kinase). Subsequently, beta-aspartate semialdehyde dehydrogenase converts this into beta-aspartyl-4-semialdehyde (or beta-aspartate-4-semialdehyde) through an NADH-dependent reaction. After this step, Dihydrodipicolinate synthase adds a pyruvate group to the beta-aspartyl-4-semialdehyde, and two water molecules are removed. This causes cyclization and gives rise to 2,3-dihydrodipicolinate. This product is reduced to 2,3,4,5-tetrahydrodipicolinate by dihydrodipicolinate reductase. Tetrahydrodipicolinate N-acetyltransferase opens this ring and gives rise to N-succinyl-L-2-amino-6-oxoheptanedionate (or N-acyl-2-amino-6-oxopimelate). N-succinyl-L-2-amino-6-oxoheptanedionate is converted into N-succinyl-LL-2,6-diaminoheptanedionate (N-acyl-2,6-diaminopimelate). This reaction is catalyzed by the enzyme succinyl diaminopimelate aminotransferase. A glutaric acid molecule is used in this reaction and an oxoacid is produced as a byproduct. N-succinyl-LL-2,6-diaminoheptanedionate (N-acyl-2,6-diaminopimelate)is converted into LL-2,6-diaminoheptanedionate (L,L-2,6-diaminopimelate) by succinyl diaminopimelate desuccinylase (acyldiaminopimelate deacylase). A water molecule is consumed in this reaction and a succinate is produced a byproduct. LL-2,6-diaminoheptanedionate is converted by diaminopimelate epimerase into meso-2,6-diamino-heptanedionate (meso-2,6-diaminopimelate). Finally meso-2,6-diamino-heptanedionate is converted into L-lysine by diaminopimelate decarboxylase. Lysine catabolism is unusual in the way that the ε-amino group is transferred to alpha-ketoglutarate and into the general nitrogen pool. The reaction is a transamination in which the ε-amino group is transferred to the alpha-keto carbon of alpha-ketoglutarate forming the metabolite, saccharopine. Saccharopine is immediately hydrolyzed by the enzyme alpha-aminoadipic semialdehyde synthase in such a way that the amino nitrogen remains with the alpha-carbon of alpha-ketoglutarate, producing glutamate and alpha-aminoadipic semialdehyde. The ultimate end-product of lysine catabolism is acetoacetyl-CoA.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (+)-S-Lysine
  • (S)-2,6-diamino-Hexanoate
  • (S)-2,6-diamino-Hexanoic acid
  • (S)-2,6-Diaminohexanoate
  • (S)-2,6-Diaminohexanoic acid
  • (S)-a,e-Diaminocaproate
  • (S)-a,e-Diaminocaproic acid
  • (S)-Lysine
  • 2,6-Diaminohexanoate
  • 2,6-Diaminohexanoic acid
  • 6-amino-Aminutrin
  • 6-amino-L-Norleucine
  • a-Lysine
  • alpha-Lysine
  • Aminutrin
  • h-Lys-oh
  • L-(+)-Lysine
  • L-2,6-Diainohexanoate
  • L-2,6-Diainohexanoic acid
  • L-2,6-Diaminocaproate
  • L-2,6-Diaminocaproic acid
  • L-Lys
  • Lys
  • Lysine
  • Lysine acid
  • (S)-alpha,epsilon-Diaminocaproic acid
  • 6-Ammonio-L-norleucine
  • K
  • L-Lysin
  • Lysina
  • Lysinum
  • (S)-a,epsilon-Diaminocaproate
  • (S)-a,epsilon-Diaminocaproic acid
  • (S)-alpha,epsilon-Diaminocaproate
  • (S)-Α,epsilon-diaminocaproate
  • (S)-Α,epsilon-diaminocaproic acid
  • Acetate, lysine
  • Enisyl
  • Lysine hydrochloride
  • L Lysine
  • Lysine acetate
CAS number56-87-1
WeightAverage: 146.1876
Monoisotopic: 146.105527702
InChI KeyKDXKERNSBIXSRK-YFKPBYRVSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C6H14N2O2/c7-4-2-1-3-5(8)6(9)10/h5H,1-4,7-8H2,(H,9,10)/t5-/m0/s1
IUPAC Name(2S)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC NameL-lysine
Chemical FormulaC6H14N2O2
SMILES[H]OC(=O)[C@@]([H])(N([H])[H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])N([H])[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as l-alpha-amino acids. These are alpha amino acids which have the L-configuration of the alpha-carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentL-alpha-amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Amino fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Amino acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting point224.5 °C
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water Solubility1000 mg/mL at 20 oC [YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)]PhysProp
LogP-3.05 [HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)]PhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility105 g/LALOGPS
logP-3.8ALOGPS
logP-3.2ChemAxon
logS-0.14ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.74ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)10.29ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area89.34 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity37.81 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability15.84 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • extracellular
  • mitochondrion
  • vacuole
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic Properties
Flavour/OdourSource
OdorlessFDB000474
SMPDB Pathways
lysine metabolismPW002420 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Biotin metabolismec00780 Map00780
Lysine biosynthesisec00300 Map00300
Lysine degradationec00310 Map00310
SMPDB Reactions
Saccharopine + NAD + waterNADH + hydron + Oxoglutaric acid + L-Lysine
KEGG Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + tRNA(Lys) + L-LysineAdenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Lys-tRNA(Lys)
NAD + water + SaccharopineNADH + Oxoglutaric acid + hydron + L-Lysine
Concentrations
Intracellular Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationSubstrateGrowth ConditionsStrainCitation
702 ± 14 µM YPD mediaaerobicBaker's yeastPMID: 7654310
561 ± 11 µM YPG mediaaerobicBaker's yeastPMID: 7654310
351 ± 7 µM SD mediaaerobicBaker's yeastPMID: 7654310
421 ± 8 µM SG mediaaerobicBaker's yeastPMID: 7654310
351 ± 7 µM M (molasses)aerobicBaker's yeastPMID: 7654310
842 ± 17 µM MA (molasses)aerobicBaker's yeastPMID: 7654310
281 ± 6 µM MB (molasses)aerobicBaker's yeastPMID: 7654310
772 ± 15 µM MAB (molasses)aerobicBaker's yeastPMID: 7654310
3620 ± 181 µM YEB media with 0.5 mM glucoseaerobicBaker's yeastExperimentally Determined
Not Available
1860 ± 683 µM Synthetic medium with 20 g/L glucoseaerobicBaker's yeastPMID: 12584756
Conversion Details Here
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)splash10-00di-3910000000-98c565675de67aa87900JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0ab9-1910000000-87ef8534f592041f50f2JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (4 TMS)splash10-0a4i-1921000000-84f7815b0f650fa17444JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-001i-9600000000-823408dba509cb204acfJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-00di-3910000000-4f5578af5e7d8b6c49f7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS)splash10-0adi-1921000000-4e56d95e623e792f9e6bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-0921000000-eeb49e57bc1a75193058JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0ab9-0921000000-ebb902be0f3754225b2fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-3910000000-98c565675de67aa87900JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0ab9-1910000000-87ef8534f592041f50f2JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-QQ (Non-derivatized)splash10-0fdk-3923000000-15b84c2649c1b0455de1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-1921000000-84f7815b0f650fa17444JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-001i-9600000000-823408dba509cb204acfJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-3910000000-4f5578af5e7d8b6c49f7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0adi-1921000000-4e56d95e623e792f9e6bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0abi-1900000000-9ad174122e4d6e003eb8JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0089-9100000000-974cc55c9130ed5213ebJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0ue9-9700000000-57b24ae819b6ec26bfd2JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-a997e809874357908880JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0002-2900000000-f64110414f82c93e1fe8JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-014m-9200000000-33a38e6370811c5ddc82JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-3a8b0b6e62f5c66d3720JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-d5167570d11d77fd541eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-b4825cc64fcb830c6967JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-a997e809874357908880JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0002-2900000000-c4ff775e954fa48b2c19JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-014m-9200000000-33a38e6370811c5ddc82JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-3a8b0b6e62f5c66d3720JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-d5167570d11d77fd541eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-b4825cc64fcb830c6967JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-0f5102647fc779107d70JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-06r6-9000000000-5d8c0c807f6816499059JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-3ecbec789346137a8253JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0002-9000000000-4c4ede391d257c24406cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9400000000-cda5107394204cc5ffa5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 33V, Negativesplash10-014j-9300000000-02b0e010b98a463348b4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 33V, Negativesplash10-014j-9700000000-9e4d99d347ca404a2fecJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-da001b514f81735845bdJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-487a4327777e2a6fa94dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-003r-8900000000-470a0beb4f338ed89bcaJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9000000000-74e9193d9d33c2509bfaJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a59-9000000000-822c4e78250fffa56e39JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-0900000000-04f9a62a77fb5a37ca22JSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • Martinez-Force, E., Benitez, T. (1995). "Effects of varying media, temperature, and growth rates on the intracellular concentrations of yeast amino acids." Biotechnol Prog 11:386-392.7654310
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Arevalo-Rodriguez, M., Calderon, I. L., Holmberg, S. (1999). "Mutations that cause threonine sensitivity identify catalytic and regulatory regions of the aspartate kinase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae." Yeast 15:1331-1345.10509015
  • Hans, M. A., Heinzle, E., Wittmann, C. (2003). "Free intracellular amino acid pools during autonomous oscillations in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." Biotechnol Bioeng 82:143-151.12584756
  • Castrillo, J. I., Zeef, L. A., Hoyle, D. C., Zhang, N., Hayes, A., Gardner, D. C., Cornell, M. J., Petty, J., Hakes, L., Wardleworth, L., Rash, B., Brown, M., Dunn, W. B., Broadhurst, D., O'Donoghue, K., Hester, S. S., Dunkley, T. P., Hart, S. R., Swainston, N., Li, P., Gaskell, S. J., Paton, N. W., Lilley, K. S., Kell, D. B., Oliver, S. G. (2007). "Growth control of the eukaryote cell: a systems biology study in yeast." J Biol 6:4.17439666
Synthesis Reference:Rothstein, Morton. DL-Lysine-6-C14 and DL-a-aminoadipic acid-6-C14. Biochemical Preparations (1961), 8 85-8.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID18019
HMDB IDHMDB00182
Pubchem Compound ID5962
Kegg IDC00047
ChemSpider ID5747
FOODB IDFDB000474
WikipediaLysine
BioCyc IDLYS

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the NAD(+)-dependent cleavage of saccharopine to L-lysine and 2-oxoglutarate
Gene Name:
LYS1
Uniprot ID:
P38998
Molecular weight:
41464.39844
Reactions
N(6)-(L-1,3-dicarboxypropyl)-L-lysine + NAD(+) + H(2)O → L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + NADH.
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
ATP + L-lysine + tRNA(Lys) = AMP + diphosphate + L-lysyl-tRNA(Lys)
Gene Name:
MSK1
Uniprot ID:
P32048
Molecular weight:
66127.60156
Reactions
ATP + L-lysine + tRNA(Lys) → AMP + diphosphate + L-lysyl-tRNA(Lys).
General function:
Involved in nucleotide binding
Specific function:
ATP + L-lysine + tRNA(Lys) = AMP + diphosphate + L-lysyl-tRNA(Lys)
Gene Name:
KRS1
Uniprot ID:
P15180
Molecular weight:
67958.0
Reactions
ATP + L-lysine + tRNA(Lys) → AMP + diphosphate + L-lysyl-tRNA(Lys).

Transporters

General function:
Involved in transport
Specific function:
Permease for various amino acids as well as for GABA. Can also transport L-cysteine and beta-alanine
Gene Name:
GAP1
Uniprot ID:
P19145
Molecular weight:
65654.89844
General function:
Involved in transmembrane transport
Specific function:
Transporter required for vacuolar uptake of at least histidine and lysine
Gene Name:
VBA1
Uniprot ID:
Q04301
Molecular weight:
62638.80078
General function:
Involved in transmembrane transport
Specific function:
Transporter required for vacuolar uptake of histidine and lysine
Gene Name:
VBA3
Uniprot ID:
P25594
Molecular weight:
50224.89844
General function:
Involved in transmembrane transport
Specific function:
Transporter required for vacuolar uptake of histidine, arginine and lysine and to a lesser extent tyrosine
Gene Name:
VBA2
Uniprot ID:
P38358
Molecular weight:
51676.39844
General function:
Involved in transport
Specific function:
High-affinity permease for lysine
Gene Name:
LYP1
Uniprot ID:
P32487
Molecular weight:
68089.10156