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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00321
NameFormaldehyde
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionFormaldehyde is the simplest aldehyde and a colorless gas with a characteristic pungent odor. Formaldehyde is formed by oxidative demethylation reactions in many plants and methylotrophic organisms, but not in S. cerevisiae. Concentrations of formaldehyde of 1mM or higher are cytostatic or cytotoxic to haploid wild-type cells. S. cerevisiae is able to degrade exogenous formaldehyde. [Biocyc PWY-1801]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • Aldeide formica
  • Chlodithan
  • Chlodithane
  • Fannoform
  • Formaldehyde
  • Formalina
  • Formaline
  • Formalith
  • Formic aldehyde
  • Formol
  • Methaldehyde
  • Methanal
  • Methylene glycol
  • Methylene oxide
  • Oxomethylene
  • Paraform
  • Formaldehyd
  • FORMALIN
  • Oxomethane
  • Hyperband
CAS number50-00-0
WeightAverage: 30.026
Monoisotopic: 30.010564686
InChI KeyWSFSSNUMVMOOMR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/CH2O/c1-2/h1H2
IUPAC Nameformaldehyde
Traditional IUPAC Nameformaldehyde
Chemical FormulaCH2O
SMILES[H]C([H])=O
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carbonyl compounds. These are organic compounds containing a carbonyl group, with the general structure RC(=O)R', where R=organyl, R'=H, N, O, organyl group or halide group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbonyl compounds
Direct ParentCarbonyl compounds
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Charge0
Melting point-92 °C
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water Solubility400 mg/mL at 20 oC [PICKRELL,JA et al. (1983)]PhysProp
LogP0.35 [HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)]PhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility198 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.68ALOGPS
logP-0.47ChemAxon
logS0.82ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity6.31 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability2.58 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB PathwaysNot Available
KEGG Pathways
Methane metabolismec00680 Map00680
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG Reactions
Formaldehyde + NAD + GlutathioneS-Formylglutathione + NADH + hydron
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID16842
HMDB IDHMDB01426
Pubchem Compound ID712
Kegg IDC00067
ChemSpider ID692
FOODB IDFDB009445
WikipediaFormaldehyde
BioCyc IDFORMALDEHYDE

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in zinc ion binding
Specific function:
Oxidizes long-chain alcohols and, in the presence of glutathione, is able to oxidize formaldehyde. Is responsible for yeast resistance to formaldehyde
Gene Name:
SFA1
Uniprot ID:
P32771
Molecular weight:
41041.69922
Reactions
S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione + NAD(P)(+) → S-formylglutathione + NAD(P)H.
An alcohol + NAD(+) → an aldehyde or ketone + NADH.