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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00266
NameGeranyl-PP
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionGuanosine triphosphate, also known as 5'-GTP or H4GTP, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine ribonucleoside triphosphates. These are purine ribobucleotides with a triphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety. Guanosine triphosphate is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Guanosine triphosphate exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl trihydrogen diphosphate
  • geranyl diphosphate
  • Geranyl pyrophosphic acid
  • geranyl-diphosphate
  • geranyl-PP
  • geranyl-pyrophosphate
  • Monoterpenyl diphosphate
  • Neryl diphosphate
  • trans-geranyl pyrophosphate
  • 5'-GTP
  • Guanosine 5'-triphosphate
  • Guanosine 5'-triphosphoric acid
  • GUANOSINE-5'-triphosphATE
  • H4GTP
  • GUANOSINE-5'-triphosphoric acid
  • Guanosine triphosphoric acid
  • GTG
  • GTP
  • Guanosine 5'-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate)
  • Guanosine 5'-triphosphorate
  • Guanosine mono(tetrahydrogen triphosphate) (ester)
  • Triphosphate, guanosine
  • Geranyl pyrophosphate
  • Geranyl pyrophosphoric acid
  • Polyisopentenylpyrophosphate
  • Polyisopentenyldiphosphate
  • trans-Polyisopentenyldiphosphate
  • Polyprenyl diphosphate
  • Polyisopentenylpyrophosphoric acid
  • Polyisopentenyldiphosphoric acid
  • trans-Polyisopentenyldiphosphoric acid
  • Polyprenyl diphosphoric acid
  • T2-Decenoyl-CoA
  • T2-Decenoyl-coenzyme A
  • trans-2,3-Dehydrodecanoyl-CoA
  • trans-2,3-Dehydrodecanoyl-coenzyme A
  • trans-delta-Decenoyl-CoA
  • trans-delta-Decenoyl-coenzyme A
  • 4-({[({[5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)-N-[2-({2-[(2E)-dec-2-enoylsulfanyl]ethyl}-C-hydroxycarbonimidoyl)ethyl]-2-hydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanimidate
  • 4-({[({[5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)-N-[2-({2-[(2E)-dec-2-enoylsulphanyl]ethyl}-C-hydroxycarbonimidoyl)ethyl]-2-hydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanimidate
  • 4-({[({[5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)-N-[2-({2-[(2E)-dec-2-enoylsulphanyl]ethyl}-C-hydroxycarbonimidoyl)ethyl]-2-hydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanimidic acid
  • 1-Deoxy-xylulose
  • 2,3-Bisphospho-D-glycerate
  • 2,3-Bisphosphoglyceric acid
  • 2,3-BPG
  • 2,3-Disphospho-D-glycerate
  • D-Greenwald ester
  • DPG
  • Glyceric acid bis(dihydrogen phosphate)
  • Glyceric acid diphosphate
  • 2,3-Bisphospho-D-glyceric acid
  • 2,3-Bisphosphoglycerate
  • 2,3-Disphospho-D-glyceric acid
  • Glycerate bis(dihydrogen phosphate)
  • Glyceric acid bis(dihydrogen phosphoric acid)
  • Glycerate diphosphate
  • Glyceric acid diphosphoric acid
  • 2,3-Diphosphoglycerate
  • (2R)-2,3-Bis(phosphonooxy)-propanoate
  • (2R)-2,3-Bis(phosphonooxy)-propanoic acid
  • (R)-2,3-Bis(phosphonooxy)-propanoate
  • (R)-2,3-Bis(phosphonooxy)-propanoic acid
  • 2,3-Bis(phosphonooxy)-propanoate
  • 2,3-Bis(phosphonooxy)-propanoic acid
  • 2,3-Diphospho-D-glycerate
  • 2,3-Diphospho-D-glyceric acid
  • 2,3-Diphospho-D-glyceric acid pentasodium salt
  • D-Glyceric acid bis
  • D-Glyceric acid bis(dihydrogen phosphate)
  • Diphosphoglycerate
  • Diphosphoglyceric acid
  • Glycerate 2,3-diphosphate
  • 2,3 Diphosphoglyceric acid
  • 2,3 Bisphosphoglycerate
  • 2,3 Diphosphoglycerate
  • 2,3-DPG
  • 2,3-Diphosphoglycerate, (D)-isomer
  • Glycerate 2,3-bisphosphate
  • 2,3-Bisphosphate, glycerate
  • Adenosine 5'-hexaphosphate 5'-ester with adenosine
  • Adenosine-(5')-hexaphospho-(5')-adenosine
  • Ap(6)a
  • AP6a
  • AppppppA
  • Diadenosine 5',5''''-P1,P6-hexaphosphate
  • P1,P6-Di(adenosine-5')hexaphosphate
  • Adenosine 5'-hexaphosphoric acid 5'-ester with adenosine
  • Diadenosine 5',5''''-P1,P6-hexaphosphoric acid
  • P1,P6-Di(adenosine-5')hexaphosphoric acid
  • Diadenosine hexaphosphoric acid
  • Adenosine 5'-(heptahydrogen hexaphosphate) p->5'-ester with adenosine
  • Adenosine 5'-(heptahydrogen hexaphosphate)5'-5'-ester with adenosine
  • P1,P6-Bis(5'-adenosyl)hexaphosphoric acid
  • p(1),p(6)-Bis(5'-adenosyl)hexaphosphoric acid
  • 1-N-Acetylspermidine
  • An N-acetylspermidine
  • N(1)-Acetylspermidine
  • N-(3-((4-Aminobutyl)amino)propyl)-acetamide
  • N-(3-((4-Aminobutyl)amino)propyl)acetamide
  • N-Acetylspermidine
  • [(1S,2S,3S)-2-[(e)-4,8-Dimethylnona-3,7-dienyl]-2-methyl-3-[(2E,6E)-2,6,10-trimethylundeca-1,5,9-trienyl]cyclopropan-1-yl]methyl diphosphate
  • [(1S,2S,3S)-2-[(e)-4,8-Dimethylnona-3,7-dienyl]-2-methyl-3-[(2E,6E)-2,6,10-trimethylundeca-1,5,9-trienyl]cyclopropan-1-yl]methyl diphosphoric acid
  • Presqualene diphosphoric acid
  • [(1R,2R,3R)-2-[(e)-4,8-Dimethylnona-3,7-dienyl]-2-methyl-3-[(2E,6E)-2,6,10-trimethylundeca-1,5,9-trienyl]cyclopropan-1-yl]methyl diphosphate
  • [(1R,2R,3R)-2-[(e)-4,8-Dimethylnona-3,7-dienyl]-2-methyl-3-[(2E,6E)-2,6,10-trimethylundeca-1,5,9-trienyl]cyclopropan-1-yl]methyl diphosphoric acid
  • (1alpha,2beta(e),3beta(1E,5E))-Diphosphoric acid mono((2-(4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadienyl)-2-methyl-3-(2,6,10-trimethyl-1,5,9-undecatrienyl)cyclopropyl)methyl) ester
  • Presqualene pyrophosphate
CAS number763-10-0
WeightAverage: 314.2091
Monoisotopic: 314.068426018
InChI KeyGVVPGTZRZFNKDS-JXMROGBWSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C10H20O7P2/c1-9(2)5-4-6-10(3)7-8-16-19(14,15)17-18(11,12)13/h5,7H,4,6,8H2,1-3H3,(H,14,15)(H2,11,12,13)/b10-7+
IUPAC Name[({[(2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl]oxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Namegeranyl diphosphate
Chemical FormulaC10H20O7P2
SMILES[H]OP(=O)(O[H])OP(=O)(O[H])OC([H])([H])C([H])=C(C([H])([H])[H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])=C(C([H])([H])[H])C([H])([H])[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine ribonucleoside triphosphates. These are purine ribobucleotides with a triphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleotides
Sub ClassPurine ribonucleotides
Direct ParentPurine ribonucleoside triphosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine ribonucleoside triphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside monophosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Hydroxypyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.9 g/LALOGPS
logP1.63ALOGPS
logP1.96ChemAxon
logS-2.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.77ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area113.29 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity72.93 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability28.52 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Cholesterol biosynthesis and metabolism CE(10:0)PW002545 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Cholesterol biosynthesis and metabolism CE(12:0)PW002548 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Cholesterol biosynthesis and metabolism CE(14:0)PW002544 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Cholesterol biosynthesis and metabolism CE(16:0)PW002550 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Cholesterol biosynthesis and metabolism CE(18:0)PW002551 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Steroid biosynthesisec00100 Map00100
Terpenoid backbone biosynthesisec00900 Map00900
Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesisec00130 Map00130
SMPDB Reactions
Dimethylallylpyrophosphate + Isopentenyl pyrophosphateGeranyl-PP + Pyrophosphate
Geranyl-PP + Isopentenyl pyrophosphateFarnesyl pyrophosphate + Pyrophosphate
Dimethylallylpyrophosphate + Isopentenyl pyrophosphatePyrophosphate + Geranyl-PP
KEGG Reactions
Isopentenyl pyrophosphate + DimethylallylpyrophosphatePyrophosphate + Geranyl-PP
Isopentenyl pyrophosphate + Geranyl-PPPyrophosphate + 2-trans,6-trans-farnesyl diphosphate
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-004j-9640000000-9ce32c835bdcfa97fa15JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00kr-1953000000-e5ee3340554c9ecac23eJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-5910000000-82bcd2195a53b847981cJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0gc0-9400000000-f87d391f1b3c01743515JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-0509000000-43083a162145718cd977JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9500000000-053b6323e620a16328a8JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-4faed4c921d605619cafJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
Synthesis Reference:Runquist M; Ericsson J; Thelin A; Chojnacki T; Dallner G Biosynthesis of trans,trans,trans-geranylgeranyl diphosphate by the cytosolic fraction from rat tissues. Biochemical and biophysical research communications (1992), 186(1), 157-65.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID17211
HMDB IDHMDB01285
Pubchem Compound ID445995
Kegg IDC00341
ChemSpider ID24785181
FOODB IDFDB022527
WikipediaGeranyl_pyrophosphate
BioCyc IDGERANYL-PP

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in isoprenoid biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes the sequential condensation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate with the allylic pyrophosphates, dimethylallyl pyrophosphate, and then with the resultant geranylpyrophosphate to the ultimate product farnesyl pyrophosphate
Gene Name:
ERG20
Uniprot ID:
P08524
Molecular weight:
40483.0
Reactions
Dimethylallyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate → diphosphate + geranyl diphosphate.
Geranyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate → diphosphate + (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate.
General function:
Involved in isoprenoid biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes the trans-addition of the 3 molecules of IPP onto DMAPP to form geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate. Required for the membrane attachment of YPT1 and SEC4. May be involved in vesicle trafficking and protein sorting
Gene Name:
BTS1
Uniprot ID:
Q12051
Molecular weight:
38651.0
Reactions
Dimethylallyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate → diphosphate + geranyl diphosphate.
Geranyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate → diphosphate + (2E,6E)-farnesyl diphosphate.
Trans,trans-farnesyl diphosphate + isopentenyl diphosphate → diphosphate + geranylgeranyl diphosphate.