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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00246
NameS-Lactoylglutathione
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionS-Lactoylglutathione belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pentoses. These are monosaccharides in which the carbohydrate moiety contains five carbon atoms. S-Lactoylglutathione is a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). S-Lactoylglutathione exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (R)-S-lactoylglutathione
  • D-lactoylglutathione
  • delta-lactoylglutathione
  • n-(n-l-gamma-glutamyl-S-(2-hydroxy-1-oxopropyl)-l-cysteinyl)-glycine
  • S-[(2R)-2-hydroxypropanoyl]-gamma-L-glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine
  • S-D-lactoyl-glutathione
  • S-D-lactoylglutathione
  • S-delta-lactoyl-glutathione
  • S-delta-lactoylglutathione
  • S-lactate glutathione
  • S-lactateglutathione
  • S-lactoyl-glutathione
  • S-lactylglutathione
CAS number25138-66-3
WeightAverage: 379.386
Monoisotopic: 379.104935353
InChI KeyVDYDCVUWILIYQF-CSMHCCOUSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C13H21N3O8S/c1-6(17)13(24)25-5-8(11(21)15-4-10(19)20)16-9(18)3-2-7(14)12(22)23/h6-8,17H,2-5,14H2,1H3,(H,15,21)(H,16,18)(H,19,20)(H,22,23)/t6-,7+,8+/m1/s1
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-amino-4-{[(1R)-1-[(carboxymethyl)carbamoyl]-2-{[(2R)-2-hydroxypropanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl]carbamoyl}butanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC NameS-lactoylglutathione
Chemical FormulaC13H21N3O8S
SMILES[H]OC(=O)C([H])([H])N([H])C(=O)[C@@]([H])(N([H])C(=O)C([H])([H])C([H])([H])[C@]([H])(N([H])[H])C(=O)O[H])C([H])([H])SC(=O)[C@]([H])(O[H])C([H])([H])[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pentoses. These are monosaccharides in which the carbohydrate moiety contains five carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentPentoses
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hemiacetal
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Dialkylthioether
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility7.55 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.9ALOGPS
logP-5.4ChemAxon
logS-1.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.74ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.31ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area196.12 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity84.78 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability36.01 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • mitochondrion
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Pyruvate metabolismPW002447 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Pyruvate metabolismec00620 Map00620
SMPDB Reactions
Glutathione + PyruvaldehydeS-Lactoylglutathione
S-Lactoylglutathione + waterGlutathione + D-Lactic acid
KEGG Reactions
S-Lactoylglutathione + waterGlutathione + hydron + D-Lactic acid
Pyruvaldehyde + GlutathioneS-Lactoylglutathione
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Inoue, Y., Watanabe, K., Shimosaka, M., Saikusa, T., Fukuda, Y., Murata, K., Kimura, A. (1985). "Metabolism of 2-oxoaldehydes in yeasts. Purification and characterization of lactaldehyde dehydrogenase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae." Eur J Biochem 153:243-247.3908097
  • Penninckx, M. J., Jaspers, C. J., Legrain, M. J. (1983). "The glutathione-dependent glyoxalase pathway in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae." J Biol Chem 258:6030-6036.6343368
Synthesis Reference:Liu, Yan; Hama, Hideki; Fujita, Yasuya; Kondo, Akihiko; Inoue, Yoshiharu; Kimura, Akira; Fu Production of S-lactoylglutathione by high activity whole cell biocatalysts prepared by permeabilization of recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae with alcohols.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID15694
HMDB IDHMDB01066
Pubchem Compound ID119450
Kegg IDC03451
ChemSpider ID389032
FOODB IDFDB022405
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDS-LACTOYL-GLUTATHIONE

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Thiolesterase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of S-D- lactoyl-glutathione to form glutathione and D-lactic acid
Gene Name:
GLO2
Uniprot ID:
Q05584
Molecular weight:
31326.30078
Reactions
S-(2-hydroxyacyl)glutathione + H(2)O → glutathione + a 2-hydroxy carboxylate.
General function:
Involved in lactoylglutathione lyase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of hemimercaptal, formed from methylglyoxal and glutathione, to S-lactoylglutathione
Gene Name:
GLO1
Uniprot ID:
P50107
Molecular weight:
37208.69922
Reactions
(R)-S-lactoylglutathione → glutathione + methylglyoxal.
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Thiolesterase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of S-D- lactoyl-glutathione to form glutathione and D-lactic acid
Gene Name:
GLO4
Uniprot ID:
Q12320
Molecular weight:
32338.59961
Reactions
S-(2-hydroxyacyl)glutathione + H(2)O → glutathione + a 2-hydroxy carboxylate.