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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00203
Name(R)-Pantothenic acid
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionR-Pantothenate (vitamin B5) is the amide between (R)-pantoate and beta-alanine. It is a precursor for the synthesis of the 4'-phosphopantetheine moiety of coenzyme A (CoA) and acyl carrier protein in bacteria and eukaryotes. Only plants and microorganisms (including some eukaryotic microbes, such as S. cerevisiae) can synthesize pantothenate de novo - animals require a dietary supplement. [Biocyc PANTOTHENATE and COA-PWY]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (+)-Pantothenate
  • (+)-Pantothenic acid
  • (D)-(+)-Pantothenate
  • (D)-(+)-Pantothenic acid
  • (R)-N-(2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutyl)-beta-alanine, ion(1-)
  • (R)-pantothenate
  • Chick antidermatitis factor
  • D-Pantothenate
  • D-Pantothenic acid
  • D(+)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-b-alanine
  • D(+)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-beta-alanine
  • delta-Pantothenate
  • delta-Pantothenic acid
  • Kyselina pantothenova
  • Kyselina pantothenova [Czech]
  • N-(2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanoyl)-beta-alaninate
  • N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-beta-alanine
  • Pantothenate
  • pantothenic acid
  • Pantothenic Acid [BAN]
  • Vitamin B3
  • Vitamin B5
  • (R)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutyl)-beta-alanine
  • D-(+)-Pantothenic acid
  • N-[(2R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanoyl]-beta-alanine
  • PANTOTHENOIC ACID
  • Pantothen pharmaselect
  • (R)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutyl)-b-alanine
  • (R)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutyl)-β-alanine
  • D(+)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-β-alanine
  • D-(+)-Pantothenate
  • N-[(2R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanoyl]-b-alanine
  • N-[(2R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanoyl]-β-alanine
  • PANTOTHENOate
  • (R)-Pantothenic acid
  • b5, Vitamin
  • Pantothenate, zinc
  • b 5, Vitamin
  • Calcium pantothenate
  • Pantothenate, calcium
  • Vitamin b 5
  • Dexol
  • Zinc pantothenate
CAS number79-83-4
WeightAverage: 219.235
Monoisotopic: 219.110672659
InChI KeyGHOKWGTUZJEAQD-ZETCQYMHSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C9H17NO5/c1-9(2,5-11)7(14)8(15)10-4-3-6(12)13/h7,11,14H,3-5H2,1-2H3,(H,10,15)(H,12,13)/t7-/m0/s1
IUPAC Name3-[(2R)-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutanamido]propanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name(+)-pantothenic acid
Chemical FormulaC9H17NO5
SMILESCC(C)(CO)[C@@H](O)C(=O)NCCC(O)=O
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as secondary alcohols. Secondary alcohols are compounds containing a secondary alcohol functional group, with the general structure HOC(R)(R') (R,R'=alkyl, aryl).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassAlcohols and polyols
Direct ParentSecondary alcohols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboximidic acid
  • Carboximidic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Polyol
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting point< 25 °C
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water Solubility1000 mg/mL [MERCK INDEX (1996)]PhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility60.5 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.1ALOGPS
logP-1.4ChemAxon
logS-0.56ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.35ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area106.86 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity51.51 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability21.99 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesisPW002463 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
beta-Alanine metabolismPW002381 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesisec00770 Map00770
beta-Alanine metabolismec00410 Map00410
SMPDB ReactionsNot Available
KEGG Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + (R)-Pantothenic acidD-4'-Phosphopantothenate + hydron + ADP
Adenosine triphosphate + (R)-Pantoic acid + Beta-AlanineAdenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + (R)-Pantothenic acid + hydron
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationSubstrateGrowth ConditionsStrainCitation
2 ± 1 µM hops, malted barleyanaerobicBaker's yeastAlcoholic beverage, beer, regular, all - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2010. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 23. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page
1 ± 0 µM grape juiceanaerobicBaker's yeastAlcoholic beverage, wine, table, red - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2010. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 23. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page
Conversion Details Here
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-0zfu-1950000000-e17ccf50735fd5171fc4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS)splash10-0f6t-3921000000-6a2222a87b5ffd328ceeJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0udi-0920000000-9785638e8fe83ade2497JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0zfr-0920000000-5f3d78d9671cf3e9e436JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0udi-0910000000-1ad24073d09589d69733JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0udi-8910000000-e9fba0c36e325b52e91fJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00fs-9665200000-38141a3794d53c37aba5JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_4) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_4) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_5) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_6) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_3_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_3_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_3_4) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_4) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-014i-0090000000-4077cb3290a3d501c967JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-000j-9520000000-21cefac627d830ed5bbfJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-000j-9400000000-d7cac2e845877b5d4c45JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-00di-9000000000-a56de6ea4cc94ead9287JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-00di-9000000000-958b1047fc59d5fa55abJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT , negativesplash10-000i-9100000000-5cf3012f98b80b72b87cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-00ks-9330000000-5220625c440a0e4d0e1aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-00ks-9330000000-da413d79b085b05c74faJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , negativesplash10-000j-9410000000-e4934ca5cda48554f8bcJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-00di-0090000000-d74155da6ca6fff432c5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0006-9560000000-663aa7cea0b521907df1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-006x-9200000000-475c18425c9352988ee1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-01bc-9000000000-afcfa162e86332d3cfa2JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-014i-9000000000-421f28522574e5fa8eaeJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT , positivesplash10-0f6x-9470000000-cfd10935dbbb59770f3fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-00di-0090000000-460a4bec2421708c0e18JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-00di-2190000000-6eec23d0d7031fc1e28bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-00dl-9460000000-a6391c9eace085a7cd68JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-006x-9450000000-f677ff82e7d7f3f58ba1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0fe0-9230000000-5d3b471f56b2c2e5535bJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00dr-9200000000-12b30ec690e561fbee15JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-006x-9000000000-167b8eb76324b5c3850aJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-3790000000-e2e626db270df267d7dbJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0fki-7910000000-01cff3f952409e9e9550JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00di-9200000000-a56f834482e2844f6924JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • White, W. H., Gunyuzlu, P. L., Toyn, J. H. (2001). "Saccharomyces cerevisiae is capable of de Novo pantothenic acid biosynthesis involving a novel pathway of beta-alanine production from spermine." J Biol Chem 276:10794-10800.11154694
  • Alcoholic beverage, beer, regular, all - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2010. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 23. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page
  • Alcoholic beverage, wine, table, red - U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2010. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 23. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page
  • Castrillo, J. I., Zeef, L. A., Hoyle, D. C., Zhang, N., Hayes, A., Gardner, D. C., Cornell, M. J., Petty, J., Hakes, L., Wardleworth, L., Rash, B., Brown, M., Dunn, W. B., Broadhurst, D., O'Donoghue, K., Hester, S. S., Dunkley, T. P., Hart, S. R., Swainston, N., Li, P., Gaskell, S. J., Paton, N. W., Lilley, K. S., Kell, D. B., Oliver, S. G. (2007). "Growth control of the eukaryote cell: a systems biology study in yeast." J Biol 6:4.17439666
Synthesis Reference:Kataoka, Michihiko; Shimizu, Sakayu; Doi, Yukiko; Yamada, Hideaki. Stereospecific reduction of ethyl 2'-ketopantothenate to ethyl D-(+)-pantothenate with microbial cells as a catalyst. Applied and Environmental Microbiology (1990), 56(11), 3595-7.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID46905
HMDB IDHMDB00210
Pubchem Compound ID6613
Kegg IDC00864
ChemSpider ID6361
FOODB IDFDB030151
WikipediaPantothenic acid
BioCyc IDPANTOTHENATE

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in pantothenate kinase activity
Specific function:
Plays a role in the physiological regulation of the intracellular CoA concentration
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q04430
Molecular weight:
40902.89844
Reactions
ATP + (R)-pantothenate → ADP + (R)-4'-phosphopantothenate.
General function:
Involved in pantoate-beta-alanine ligase activity
Specific function:
Required for pantothenic acid biosynthesis
Gene Name:
PAN6
Uniprot ID:
P40459
Molecular weight:
35031.89844
Reactions
ATP + (R)-pantoate + beta-alanine → AMP + diphosphate + (R)-pantothenate.

Transporters

General function:
Involved in transmembrane transport
Specific function:
Transports pantothenate into the cell. Also involved in the catabolite repression-mediated regulation of ergosterol biosynthesis and in fenpropimorph resistance
Gene Name:
FEN2
Uniprot ID:
P25621
Molecular weight:
58256.0