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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00099
NameTetradecanoyl-CoA
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionTetradecanoyl-CoA, also known as myristoyl-CoA or N-C14:0CoA, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acyl coas. These are acyl CoAs where the group acylated to the coenzyme A moiety is a long aliphatic chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms. Tetradecanoyl-CoA is a strong basic compound (based on its pKa).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 2-Hydroxybutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylate
  • 3-hydroxy-3-carboxyadipate
  • Homocitrate
  • Myristoyl-CoA
  • Myristoyl-coenzyme A
  • n-C14:0CoA
  • n-C14:0Coenzyme A
  • S-Tetradecanoyl-coenzyme A
  • Tetradecanoyl CoA
  • Tetradecanoyl Coenzyme A
  • Tetradecanoyl-coenzyme A
  • Tetradecanoyl-CoA
CAS number3130-72-1
WeightAverage: 977.89
Monoisotopic: 977.313573819
InChI KeyDUAFKXOFBZQTQE-XVDJLSDJSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C35H62N7O17P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-26(44)63-19-18-37-25(43)16-17-38-33(47)30(46)35(2,3)21-56-62(53,54)59-61(51,52)55-20-24-29(58-60(48,49)50)28(45)34(57-24)42-23-41-27-31(36)39-22-40-32(27)42/h22-24,28-30,34,45-46H,4-21H2,1-3H3,(H,37,43)(H,38,47)(H,51,52)(H,53,54)(H2,36,39,40)(H2,48,49,50)/t24-,28-,29-,30?,34-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy({3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-[(2-{[2-(tetradecanoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]propoxy})phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-[(2-{[2-(tetradecanoylsulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]propoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
Chemical FormulaC35H62N7O17P3S
SMILES[H]OC([H])(C(=O)N([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C(=O)N([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])SC(=O)C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])[H])C(C([H])([H])[H])(C([H])([H])[H])C([H])([H])OP(=O)(O[H])OP(=O)(O[H])OC([H])([H])[C@@]1([H])O[C@@]([H])(N2C([H])=NC3=C2N=C([H])N=C3N([H])[H])[C@]([H])(O[H])[C@]1([H])OP(=O)(O[H])O[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acyl coas. These are acyl CoAs where the group acylated to the coenzyme A moiety is a long aliphatic chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.21 g/LALOGPS
logP1.84ALOGPS
logP-1.4ChemAxon
logS-2.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count32ChemAxon
Refractivity227.45 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability96.43 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • peroxisome
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Cholesterol biosynthesis and metabolism CE(14:0)PW002544 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Fatty acid elongation in mitochondriaPW002467 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Fatty acid metabolismPW002460 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Fatty acid elongation in mitochondriaec00062 Map00062
Fatty acid metabolismec00071 Map00071
SMPDB Reactions
Tetradecanoyl-CoA + Acetyl-CoA3-Oxohexadecanoyl-CoA + Coenzyme A
Tetradecanoyl-CoA + electron-transfer flavoprotein → (2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA + Reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein
(2E)-Tetradecenoyl-CoA + NADPHTetradecanoyl-CoA + NADP
KEGG Reactions
Tetradecanoyl-CoA but-1-ene-1,2,4-tricarboxylic acid + water
Coenzyme A + 3-oxopalmitoyl-CoAAcetyl-CoA + Tetradecanoyl-CoA
Tetradecanoyl-CoA + oxygenHydrogen peroxide + trans-tetradec-2-enoyl-CoA
Adenosine triphosphate + myristic acid + Coenzyme AAdenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Tetradecanoyl-CoA
malonyl-CoA + lauroyl-CoA + hydron + NADPHCarbon dioxide + NADP + water + Tetradecanoyl-CoA + Coenzyme A
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1911101102-349a13615858f61c2639JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0941300000-9797f6c398276f5d5e98JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2900102000-cc4f9c8978927acec695JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a7i-4971342506-ab177bf279e0e32e2b12JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0560-3921201001-624d08d1bbb66df93c2eJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900000000-d973a8b2d469b04161ebJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-0000000009-3239f04ec07dfb05c844JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-4120302409-5222d96c1a16a7c2a7dfJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0570-2102301209-fd8e6272e04594f37eaaJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-004i-0000000009-7a4d637e9994bab811ebJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0800100449-955bc85312168f96efe1JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00di-0101900000-c9607999f9d61657c1fbJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Rudnick, D. A., Rocque, W. J., McWherter, C. A., Toth, M. V., Jackson-Machelski, E., Gordon, J. I. (1993). "Use of photoactivatable peptide substrates of Saccharomyces cerevisiae myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase (Nmt1p) to characterize a myristoyl-CoA-Nmt1p-peptide ternary complex and to provide evidence for an ordered reaction mechanism." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 90:1087-1091.8430078
  • Farazi, T. A., Waksman, G., Gordon, J. I. (2001). "Structures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae N-myristoyltransferase with bound myristoylCoA and peptide provide insights about substrate recognition and catalysis." Biochemistry 40:6335-6343.11371195
  • Duronio, R. J., Knoll, L. J., Gordon, J. I. (1992). "Isolation of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae long chain fatty acyl:CoA synthetase gene (FAA1) and assessment of its role in protein N-myristoylation." J Cell Biol 117:515-529.1572893
Synthesis Reference:Not Available
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID15532
HMDB IDHMDB01521
Pubchem Compound ID1126
Kegg IDC02593
ChemSpider ID58623
FOODB IDFDB031010
Wikipedia IDNot Available
BioCyc IDTETRADECANOYL-COA

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA = CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA
Gene Name:
POT1
Uniprot ID:
P27796
Molecular weight:
44729.89844
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + acetyl-CoA → CoA + 3-oxoacyl-CoA.
General function:
Involved in glycylpeptide N-tetradecanoyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Adds a myristoyl group to the N-terminal glycine residue of certain cellular proteins. Substrate specificity requires an N- terminal glycine in the nascent polypeptide substrates. Uncharged amino acids are preferred at position 2 while neutral residues are favored at positions 3 and 4. Ser is present at position 5 in almost all known N-myristoyl proteins and Lys is commonly encountered at postion 6
Gene Name:
NMT1
Uniprot ID:
P14743
Molecular weight:
52837.10156
Reactions
Tetradecanoyl-CoA + glycylpeptide → CoA + N-tetradecanoylglycylpeptide.