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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00084
NameCoproporphyrinogen III
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionCoproporphyrinogen III is an intermediate in the heme biosynthesis from uroporphyrinogen-III pathway. Coproporphyrinogen III is obtained from uroporphyrinogen III by the enzyme uroporphyrinogen III decarboxylase and converted to protoporphyrinogen IX; uroporphyrinogen-III is a major branch point that leads to biosynthesis of different tetrapyrrole compounds (e.g. porphyrins). Protoheme IX is the final product in this pathway but different derivatives of protoheme can actually be formed that differ in modifications to the porphyrin ring, including how it is bound to the protein (e.g. heme o, heme a, heme c, and heme d). [Biocyc HEME-BIOSYNTHESIS-II]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 3,8,13,17-tetramethyl-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydroporphyrin-2,7,12,18-tetrapropanoate
  • 3,8,13,17-tetramethyl-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydroporphyrin-2,7,12,18-tetrapropanoic acid
  • 5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydro-3,8,13,17-tetramethyl-2,7,12,18-Porphinetetrapropionate
  • 5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydro-3,8,13,17-tetramethyl-2,7,12,18-Porphinetetrapropionic acid
  • 5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydro-3,8,13,17-tetramethyl-21H,23H-Porphine-2,7,12,18-tetrapropanoate
  • 5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydro-3,8,13,17-tetramethyl-21H,23H-Porphine-2,7,12,18-tetrapropanoic acid
  • coproporphyrinogen
  • coproporphyrinogen III
  • coproporphyrinogen-III
  • 3,8,13,17-Tetramethyl-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydroporphyrin-2,7,12,18-tetrapropionic acid
  • COPROPORPHYRIN III
  • 3,8,13,17-Tetramethyl-5,10,15,20,22,24-hexahydroporphyrin-2,7,12,18-tetrapropionate
CAS number2624-63-7
WeightAverage: 660.7566
Monoisotopic: 660.315914404
InChI KeyNIUVHXTXUXOFEB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C36H44N4O8/c1-17-21(5-9-33(41)42)29-14-27-19(3)22(6-10-34(43)44)30(39-27)15-28-20(4)24(8-12-36(47)48)32(40-28)16-31-23(7-11-35(45)46)18(2)26(38-31)13-25(17)37-29/h37-40H,5-16H2,1-4H3,(H,41,42)(H,43,44)(H,45,46)(H,47,48)
IUPAC Name3-[9,14,20-tris(2-carboxyethyl)-5,10,15,19-tetramethyl-21,22,23,24-tetraazapentacyclo[16.2.1.1^{3,6}.1^{8,11}.1^{13,16}]tetracosa-1(20),3,5,8,10,13,15,18-octaen-4-yl]propanoic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name3-[9,14,20-tris(2-carboxyethyl)-5,10,15,19-tetramethyl-21,22,23,24-tetraazapentacyclo[16.2.1.1^{3,6}.1^{8,11}.1^{13,16}]tetracosa-1(20),3,5,8,10,13,15,18-octaen-4-yl]propanoic acid
Chemical FormulaC36H44N4O8
SMILES[H]OC(=O)C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C1=C2N([H])C(=C1C([H])([H])[H])C([H])([H])C1=C(C(=C(N1[H])C([H])([H])C1=C(C(=C(N1[H])C([H])([H])C1=C(C(=C(N1[H])C2([H])[H])C([H])([H])[H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C(=O)O[H])C([H])([H])[H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C(=O)O[H])C([H])([H])C([H])([H])C(=O)O[H])C([H])([H])[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as porphyrins. Porphyrins are compounds containing a fundamental skeleton of four pyrrole nuclei united through the alpha-positions by four methine groups to form a macrocyclic structure.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassTetrapyrroles and derivatives
Sub ClassPorphyrins
Direct ParentPorphyrins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Porphyrin
  • Tetracarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Substituted pyrrole
  • Pyrrole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Azacycle
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.011 g/LALOGPS
logP1.96ALOGPS
logP4.89ChemAxon
logS-4.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count8ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area212.36 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity181.86 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability72.85 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Porphyrin MetabolismPW002462 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolismec00860 Map00860
SMPDB Reactions
Uroporphyrinogen IIICoproporphyrinogen III + Carbon dioxide
Coproporphyrinogen III + oxygen + HydrogenProtoporphyrinogen IX + Carbon dioxide + water
KEGG Reactions
Coproporphyrinogen III + oxygen + hydronwater + Carbon dioxide + Protoporphyrinogen IX
Uroporphyrinogen III + hydronCoproporphyrinogen III + Carbon dioxide
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0uxu-1000029000-41e3094ebb1945eeb049JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-002f-0000049000-0387f74262a47cf81121JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-05mn-0000095000-92704e3251119447de7cJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0000190000-117c439eaa250aa4b3b3JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-002f-0000049000-0387f74262a47cf81121JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-05mn-0000095000-92704e3251119447de7cJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0000190000-117c439eaa250aa4b3b3JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-052f-0000029000-96c0bca58c9caf08416fJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-052g-1000079000-1da57e7f8a138a6c5516JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052g-7000097000-2c52075e18d7d944ae80JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-052f-0000029000-96c0bca58c9caf08416fJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-052g-1000079000-1da57e7f8a138a6c5516JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052g-7000097000-2c52075e18d7d944ae80JSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Chelstowska, A., Rytka, J. (1993). "[Biosynthesis of heme in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae]." Postepy Biochem 39:173-185.8234090
  • Hoffman, M., Gora, M., Rytka, J. (2003). "Identification of rate-limiting steps in yeast heme biosynthesis." Biochem Biophys Res Commun 310:1247-1253.14559249
Synthesis Reference:Shoolingin-Jordan, Peter M. The biosynthesis of coproporphyrinogen III. Porphyrin Handbook (2003), 12 33-74.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID15439
HMDB IDHMDB01261
Pubchem Compound ID321
Kegg IDC03263
ChemSpider ID315
FOODB IDFDB022518
WikipediaCoproporphyrinogen_III
BioCyc IDCOPROPORPHYRINOGEN_III

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in coproporphyrinogen oxidase activity
Specific function:
Key enzyme in heme biosynthesis. Catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of propionic acid side chains of rings A and B of coproporphyrinogen III
Gene Name:
HEM13
Uniprot ID:
P11353
Molecular weight:
37711.30078
Reactions
Coproporphyrinogen-III + O(2) + 2 H(+) → protoporphyrinogen-IX + 2 CO(2) + 2 H(2)O.
General function:
Involved in uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the decarboxylation of four acetate groups of uroporphyrinogen-III to yield coproporphyrinogen-III
Gene Name:
HEM12
Uniprot ID:
P32347
Molecular weight:
41348.69922
Reactions
Uroporphyrinogen III → coproporphyrinogen + 4 CO(2).