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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00074
NameCyanide
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionCyanide, also known as chuck norrisium or cyanide ion, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as nitriles. Nitriles are compounds having the structure RC#N; thus C-substituted derivatives of hydrocyanic acid, HC#N. Cyanide is possibly neutral. Cyanide exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Cyanide is a potentially toxic compound.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • Carbon nitride ion
  • Chuck Norrisium
  • Cyanide
  • Cyanide ion
  • Cyanide(1-) ion
  • Cyano
  • Cyanure
  • Isocyanide
  • Prussiate
CAS number57-12-5
WeightAverage: 26.0174
Monoisotopic: 26.003074005
InChI KeyXFXPMWWXUTWYJX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/CN/c1-2/q-1
IUPAC Namemethylidyneazanidyl
Traditional IUPAC Namemethylidyneazanidyl
Chemical FormulaCN
SMILES[C-]#N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as nitriles. Nitriles are compounds having the structure RC#N; thus C-substituted derivatives of hydrocyanic acid, HC#N.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic nitrogen compounds
ClassOrganonitrogen compounds
Sub ClassOrganic cyanides
Direct ParentNitriles
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Carbonitrile
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic anion
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge-1
Melting pointNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water SolubilityNot AvailablePhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility4 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.74ALOGPS
logS-1.1ALOGPS
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area23.79 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity7.01 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability2.31 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm, Mitochondrion
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Sulfur metabolismPW002483 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Cyanoamino acid metabolismec00460 Map00460
Sulfur metabolismec00920 Map00920
SMPDB Reactions
Cyanide + ThiosulfateThiocyanate + Sulfite + hydron
KEGG ReactionsNot Available
Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
Synthesis Reference:Furuki, Masakazu; Moriguchi, Yuzo; Akakabe, Tethuro; Kitamura, Hiroyuki. Cyanide production with excess sludge incineration. Hyogo-kenritsu Kogai Kenkyusho Kenkyu Hokoku (1974), 6 31-5.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID17514
HMDB IDHMDB02084
Pubchem Compound ID5975
Kegg IDC00177
ChemSpider ID5755
FOODB IDFDB006696
WikipediaCyanide
BioCyc IDHCN

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in thiosulfate sulfurtransferase activity
Specific function:
Thiosulfate + cyanide = sulfite + thiocyanate
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q08686
Molecular weight:
34218.60156
Reactions
Thiosulfate + cyanide → sulfite + thiocyanate.
General function:
Inorganic ion transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Thiosulfate + cyanide = sulfite + thiocyanate
Gene Name:
FMP31
Uniprot ID:
Q08742
Molecular weight:
16697.19922
Reactions
Thiosulfate + cyanide → sulfite + thiocyanate.
General function:
Inorganic ion transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Thiosulfate + cyanide = sulfite + thiocyanate
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q12305
Molecular weight:
15413.2002
Reactions
Thiosulfate + cyanide → sulfite + thiocyanate.