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Identification
YMDB IDYMDB00073
NameGlycerol 3-phosphate
SpeciesSaccharomyces cerevisiae
StrainBaker's yeast
DescriptionGlycerol 3-phosphate is produced from glycerol, the triose sugar backbone of triglycerides and glycerophospholipids, by the enzyme glycerol kinase. Glycerol 3-phosphate may then be converted by dehydrogenation to dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) by the enzyme glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. DHAP can then be rearranged into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate(GA3P) by triose phosphate isomerase(TIM), and feed into glycolysis. [Wikipedia]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (R)-glycerol 1-phosphate
  • 1-(dihydrogen phosphate) Glycerol
  • 1-Glycerophosphate
  • 1-Glycerophosphorate
  • 1-Glycerophosphoric acid
  • 1-phosphoglycerol
  • 1,2,3-propanetriol, 1-(dihydrogen phosphate)
  • 2,3-dihydroxypropyl dihydrogen phosphate
  • 2,3-hydroxy-1-propyl dihydrogen phosphate
  • 3-Glycerophosphate
  • a-Glycerophosphate
  • a-Glycerophosphorate
  • a-Glycerophosphoric acid
  • a-Phosphoglycerol
  • alpha-Glycerophosphate
  • alpha-Glycerophosphorate
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid
  • alpha-Phosphoglycerol
  • D-(glycerol 1-phosphate)
  • D-Glycerol 1-phosphate
  • dihydrogen a-glycerophosphate
  • DL-a-Glycerol phosphate
  • DL-a-Glycerophosphate
  • DL-a-Glycerophosphorate
  • DL-a-Glycerophosphoric acid
  • DL-a-Glyceryl phosphate
  • DL-alpha-Glycerol phosphate
  • DL-alpha-Glycerophosphate
  • DL-alpha-Glycerophosphorate
  • DL-alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid
  • DL-alpha-Glyceryl phosphate
  • DL-Glycerol 1-phosphate
  • DL-Glycerol 3-phosphate
  • Glycerol 1-phosphate
  • Glycerol a-phosphate
  • glycerol alpha-phosphate
  • Glycerol monophosphate
  • Glycerol-3-phosphate
  • Glycerophosphate
  • Glycerophosphorate
  • Glycerophosphoric acid
  • Glycerophosphoric acid I
  • Glyceryl phosphate
  • Glyceryl phosphic acid
  • L-(glycerol 3-phosphate)
  • PG
  • phosphatidyl glycerol
  • phosphoric acid mono-((R)-2,3-dihydroxy-propyl) ester
  • Phosphorsaeure-mono-((R)-2,3-dihydroxy-propylester)
  • sn-glycerol 3-phosphate
  • SN-GLYCEROL-3-PHOSPHATE
  • sn-Gro-1-P
  • (R)-Glycerol 1-phosphoric acid
  • D-(Glycerol 1-phosphoric acid)
  • D-Glycerol 1-phosphoric acid
  • Glycerol-3-phosphoric acid
  • L-(Glycerol 3-phosphoric acid)
  • Phosphate mono-((R)-2,3-dihydroxy-propyl) ester
  • sn-GLYCEROL-3-phosphoric acid
  • Glycerol 3-phosphoric acid
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, (DL)-isomer
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, (R)-isomer
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, (S)-isomer
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, 1,2,3-propanetriol-1-(18)O,3-(dihydrogen phosphate)-labeled
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, 1,2,3-propanetriol-2-(18)O,3-(dihydrogen phosphate)-labeled
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, fe salt
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, fe(+3) salt (3:2)
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, calcium salt
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, disodium salt
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, disodium salt (+-)-isomer
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, disodium salt hexahydrate(+-)-isomer
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, monocalcium salt
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, monocalcium salt (S)-isomer
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, monomagnesium salt
  • alpha-Glycerophosphoric acid, sodium salt
  • Disodium glycerophosphate
  • Sodium glycerophosphate
CAS number17989-41-2
WeightAverage: 172.0737
Monoisotopic: 172.013674532
InChI KeyAWUCVROLDVIAJX-GSVOUGTGSA-N
InChIInChI=1S/C3H9O6P/c4-1-3(5)2-9-10(6,7)8/h3-5H,1-2H2,(H2,6,7,8)/t3-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name[(2R)-2,3-dihydroxypropoxy]phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name3-phosphoglycerol
Chemical FormulaC3H9O6P
SMILES[H]OC([H])([H])[C@@]([H])(O[H])C([H])([H])OP(=O)(O[H])O[H]
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycerophosphates. Glycerophosphates are compounds containing a glycerol linked to a phosphate group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphates
Direct ParentGlycerophosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sn-glycerol-3-phosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Charge0
Melting point102-104 °C
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Water Solubility1000 mg/mL [MERCK INDEX (1996); readily soluble]PhysProp
LogPNot AvailablePhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility30.6 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.8ALOGPS
logP-2ChemAxon
logS-0.75ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.51ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area107.22 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity31.39 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.58 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • mitochondrion
  • lipid particle
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • cytoplasm
Organoleptic PropertiesNot Available
SMPDB Pathways
Cardiolipin BiosynthesisPW002431 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Cardiolipin Biosynthesis CL(10:0/10:0/10:0/28:0)PW003484 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Cardiolipin Biosynthesis CL(10:0/10:0/10:0/30:0)PW003501 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Cardiolipin Biosynthesis CL(10:0/10:0/12:0/26:0)PW003502 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
Cardiolipin Biosynthesis CL(10:0/10:0/12:0/28:0)PW003503 ThumbThumb?image type=greyscaleThumb?image type=simple
KEGG Pathways
Glycerolipid metabolismec00561 Map00561
Glycerophospholipid metabolismec00564 Map00564
SMPDB Reactions
Glycerol + Adenosine triphosphateADP + Glycerol 3-phosphate
water + Glycerol 3-phosphate Glycerol + phosphate
Glycerol 3-phosphate + oleoyl-CoACoenzyme A + 1-oleyl-2-lyso-phosphatidate
Glycerol 3-phosphate + hexadec-2-enoyl-CoACoenzyme A + PA(16:0/0:0)
Glycerol 3-phosphate + hexadec-2-enoyl-CoA Coenzyme A + PA(16:0/0:0)
KEGG Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + GlycerolGlycerol 3-phosphate + hydron + ADP
Glycerol 3-phosphate + waterGlycerol + phosphate
Glycerol 3-phosphate + FADFADH2 + Dihydroxyacetone phosphate
NADH + Dihydroxyacetone phosphate + hydronNAD + Glycerol 3-phosphate
acyl-CoA + Glycerol 3-phosphatePA(18:1(9Z)/0:0) + Coenzyme A + hydron
Concentrations
Intracellular Concentrations
Intracellular ConcentrationSubstrateGrowth ConditionsStrainCitation
0.0 ± 0.0 µM Minimal medium supplemented with ammonia salts and glucoseaerobic;resting cellsBaker's yeastPMID: 4578278
Conversion Details Here
Extracellular ConcentrationsNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0uea-0932000000-726f422c76a193edf232JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0uea-0932000000-726f422c76a193edf232JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS)splash10-0zgj-1976000000-019de1fa6314b95ef7feJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-01ot-9300000000-a435ec7fb966f8ddc1a2JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0230-9080000000-9f48133c7a08fb549acdJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TMS_2_4) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_1_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_2_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_2_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_2_3) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (TBDMS_2_4) - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0002-9200000000-bf06c1d1e56cb8853243JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00kr-9200000000-ffce45222cab00a0c302JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001j-9000000000-7689cca8f9c9a12d9e75JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00di-0902000000-00e3a7e1ee10fbd8b03eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-1a40c90fd2eb656ddf5cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-9000000000-f9bc5f552db38767c437JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-0920000000-72f8b96355726dd3a5b1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-00di-0901000000-2c3a8ed438d7ca0fa049JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-a3549fb5ec2675fbf615JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-9000000000-096e2ba9a6ef6fd20d88JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0002-0930000000-171708905bad289d6031JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00di-0925110000-c1ced10d34f533b3fa1fJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-03di-0900000000-4ee8a36492a451beda75JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-de2aacfb81476c7755e5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00di-0900000000-dd342482ade09e9ce749JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0fkc-0917520000-d61e6034525ac5f7588dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-d537d3f23f3d9a789c20JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-00di-0900000000-2f1ca45b50402f6e62dfJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0udi-0009000000-5606781224d6ab5caed3JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0pi0-1900000000-75b6ed57a4c9cd6378b4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-0a59-6900000000-1c46fbda1468f6fd803cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-0a5c-9400000000-305e9a2554d8c3274f32JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-007o-9000000000-d11ad04a048c3dca25deJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-00mo-9000000000-7b779b4be184b5b26b6aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-5900000000-297dbde751110233eca5JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
References
References:
  • UniProt Consortium (2011). "Ongoing and future developments at the Universal Protein Resource." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D214-D219.21051339
  • Scheer, M., Grote, A., Chang, A., Schomburg, I., Munaretto, C., Rother, M., Sohngen, C., Stelzer, M., Thiele, J., Schomburg, D. (2011). "BRENDA, the enzyme information system in 2011." Nucleic Acids Res 39:D670-D676.21062828
  • Herrgard, M. J., Swainston, N., Dobson, P., Dunn, W. B., Arga, K. Y., Arvas, M., Bluthgen, N., Borger, S., Costenoble, R., Heinemann, M., Hucka, M., Le Novere, N., Li, P., Liebermeister, W., Mo, M. L., Oliveira, A. P., Petranovic, D., Pettifer, S., Simeonidis, E., Smallbone, K., Spasic, I., Weichart, D., Brent, R., Broomhead, D. S., Westerhoff, H. V., Kirdar, B., Penttila, M., Klipp, E., Palsson, B. O., Sauer, U., Oliver, S. G., Mendes, P., Nielsen, J., Kell, D. B. (2008). "A consensus yeast metabolic network reconstruction obtained from a community approach to systems biology." Nat Biotechnol 26:1155-1160.18846089
  • Norbeck, J., Pahlman, A. K., Akhtar, N., Blomberg, A., Adler, L. (1996). "Purification and characterization of two isoenzymes of DL-glycerol-3-phosphatase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Identification of the corresponding GPP1 and GPP2 genes and evidence for osmotic regulation of Gpp2p expression by the osmosensing mitogen-activated protein kinase signal transduction pathway." J Biol Chem 271:13875-13881.8662716
  • Andre, L., Hemming, A., Adler, L. (1991). "Osmoregulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Studies on the osmotic induction of glycerol production and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+)" FEBS Lett 286:13-17.1864360
  • Fernandez-Murray, J. P., McMaster, C. R. (2005). "Glycerophosphocholine catabolism as a new route for choline formation for phosphatidylcholine synthesis by the Kennedy pathway." J Biol Chem 280:38290-38296.16172116
  • Athenstaedt, K., Weys, S., Paltauf, F., Daum, G. (1999). "Redundant systems of phosphatidic acid biosynthesis via acylation of glycerol-3-phosphate or dihydroxyacetone phosphate in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae." J Bacteriol 181:1458-1463.10049376
  • Fisher, E., Almaguer, C., Holic, R., Griac, P., Patton-Vogt, J. (2005). "Glycerophosphocholine-dependent growth requires Gde1p (YPL110c) and Git1p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." J Biol Chem 280:36110-36117.16141200
  • Huh, W. K., Falvo, J. V., Gerke, L. C., Carroll, A. S., Howson, R. W., Weissman, J. S., O'Shea, E. K. (2003). "Global analysis of protein localization in budding yeast." Nature 425:686-691.14562095
  • Zheng, Z., Zou, J. (2001). "The initial step of the glycerolipid pathway: identification of glycerol 3-phosphate/dihydroxyacetone phosphate dual substrate acyltransferases in Saccharomyces cerevisiae." J Biol Chem 276:41710-41716.11544256
  • Albertyn, J., Hohmann, S., Thevelein, J. M., Prior, B. A. (1994). "GPD1, which encodes glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, is essential for growth under osmotic stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and its expression is regulated by the high-osmolarity glycerol response pathway." Mol Cell Biol 14:4135-4144.8196651
  • Gancedo, J. M., Gancedo, C. (1973). "Concentrations of intermediary metabolites in yeast." Biochimie 55:205-211.4578278
Synthesis Reference: Rios-Mercadillo, Victor M.; Whitesides, George M. Enzymic synthesis of sn-glycerol 3-phosphate. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1979), 101(19), 5828-9.
External Links:
ResourceLink
CHEBI ID15978
HMDB IDHMDB00126
Pubchem Compound ID439162
Kegg IDC00093
ChemSpider ID388308
FOODB IDFDB031180
WikipediaGlycerol_3-phosphate
BioCyc IDGLYCEROL-3P

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the enolization of 2,3-diketo-5-methylthiopentyl-1-phosphate (DK-MTP-1-P) into the intermediate 2-hydroxy-3-keto-5-methylthiopentenyl-1-phosphate (HK-MTPenyl-1-P), which is then dephosphorylated to form the acireductone 1,2-dihydroxy-3-keto-5-methylthiopentene (DHK-MTPene)
Gene Name:
UTR4
Uniprot ID:
P32626
Molecular weight:
25187.19922
Reactions
5-(methylthio)-2,3-dioxopentyl phosphate + H(2)O → 1,2-dihydroxy-5-(methylthio)pent-1-en-3-one + phosphate.
2-Phosphoglycolate + H2O → glycolate + phosphate
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
G-3-P/dihydroxyacetone phosphate dual substrate-specific sn-1 acyltransferase
Gene Name:
GPT1
Uniprot ID:
P32784
Molecular weight:
85693.5
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate → CoA + 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
Acyl-CoA + glycerone phosphate → CoA + acylglycerone phosphate.
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
G-3-P/dihydroxyacetone phosphate dual substrate-specific sn-1 acyltransferase
Gene Name:
GPT2
Uniprot ID:
P36148
Molecular weight:
83644.0
Reactions
Acyl-CoA + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate → CoA + 1-acyl-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
Acyl-CoA + glycerone phosphate → CoA + acylglycerone phosphate.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the production and accumulation of glycerol during hyperosmotic stress conditions. Glycerol acts as a osmoregulator that prevents loss of water and turgor of the cells
Gene Name:
GPD1
Uniprot ID:
Q00055
Molecular weight:
42868.5
Reactions
sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + NAD(+) → glycerone phosphate + NADH.
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Glycerophosphocholine glycerophosphodiesterase responsible for the hydrolysis of intracellular glycerophosphocholine into glycerol-phosphate and choline. The choline is used for phosphatidyl-choline synthesis. Required for utilization of glycerophosphocholine as phosphate source
Gene Name:
GDE1
Uniprot ID:
Q02979
Molecular weight:
138013.0
Reactions
A glycerophosphodiester + H(2)O → an alcohol + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Glycerol 3-phosphate + H(2)O = glycerol + phosphate
Gene Name:
HOR2
Uniprot ID:
P40106
Molecular weight:
27813.5
Reactions
Glycerol 3-phosphate + H(2)O → glycerol + phosphate.
glycerol 1-phosphate + H2O → glycerol + phosphate
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the production of glycerol under anaerobic growth conditions. Glycerol production serves as a redox sink by consuming the excess cytosolic NADH during anaerobic metabolism
Gene Name:
GPD2
Uniprot ID:
P41911
Molecular weight:
49421.30078
Reactions
sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + NAD(+) → glycerone phosphate + NADH.
General function:
Involved in glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase activity
Specific function:
Probable glycerophosphocholine glycerophosphodiesterase which may be responsible for the hydrolysis of intracellular glycerophosphocholine into glycerol-phosphate and choline. The choline is used for phosphatidyl-choline synthesis
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q08959
Molecular weight:
37069.39844
Reactions
A glycerophosphodiester + H(2)O → an alcohol + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor
Specific function:
ATP + glycerol = ADP + sn-glycerol 3- phosphate
Gene Name:
GUT1
Uniprot ID:
P32190
Molecular weight:
79823.60156
Reactions
ATP + glycerol → ADP + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + a quinone = glycerone phosphate + a quinol
Gene Name:
GUT2
Uniprot ID:
P32191
Molecular weight:
72388.29688
Reactions
sn-glycerol 3-phosphate + a quinone → glycerone phosphate + a quinol.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Glycerol 3-phosphate + H(2)O = glycerol + phosphate
Gene Name:
RHR2
Uniprot ID:
P41277
Molecular weight:
27946.59961
Reactions
Glycerol 3-phosphate + H(2)O → glycerol + phosphate.
glycerol 1-phosphate + H2O → glycerol + phosphate
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Essential for the viability of mitochondrial petite mutant. Catalyzes the committed step to the synthesis of the acidic phospholipids
Gene Name:
PGS1
Uniprot ID:
P25578
Molecular weight:
59369.69922
Reactions
CDP-diacylglycerol + sn-glycerol 3-phosphate → CMP + 3(3-sn-phosphatidyl)-sn-glycerol 1-phosphate.
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q12486
Molecular weight:
24839.80078
Reactions
2-Phosphoglycolate + H2O → glycolate + phosphate
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q04223
Molecular weight:
35278.10156
Reactions
2-Phosphoglycolate + H2O → glycolate + phosphate